Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 4, Pages 583 - 592 2019-08-31

Seasonal Distribution of Gelatinous Macrozooplankton in the Hamsilos Bay, Southern Black Sea, Turkey
Güney Karadeniz’in Hamsilos Koyu’nda Jelimsi Makrozooplanktonun Mevsimsel Dağılımı

Funda ÜSTÜN [1] , Zekiye BİRİNCİ ÖZDEMİR [2]


The present study describes the abundance and biomass distribution of gelatinous macrozooplankton in relation to physical parameters in Hamsilos Bay. Gelatinous macrozooplankton samples were collected monthly from four stations between July 2015 and June 2016 using a plankton net with a 112 μm mesh size and a 50 cm diameter mouth opening by vertical hauls. Four gelatinous macrozooplankton species were identified: Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758); Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865; Beroe ovata Bruguière, 1789; and, Pleurobrachia pileus (O.F. Müller, 1776). The maximum mean abundance of gelatinous macrozooplankton was recorded in August 2015 (24.58 ind. m-2), whereas the maximum mean biomass was recorded in April 2016 (147.79 g m-2) from four sampling stations. The abundance and biomass of gelatinous macrozooplankton increased in the summer and spring. M. leidyi and P. pileus were primarily responsible for the increase in total gelatinous macrozooplankton abundance in the summer, whereas A. aurita and B. ovata were primarily responsible for the increase in total abundance in the spring and autumn. The abundance and biomass of M. leidyi were positively correlated with temperature and negatively correlated with dissolved oxygen. 

Bu çalışmada, jelimsi makrozooplankton türlerinin Hamsilos Koyu’ndaki mevsimsel bolluk-biomass dağılımları ve fiziksel parametreler ile ilişkisi belirlenmiştir. Jelimsi makrozooplankton örnekleri Temmuz 2015-Haziran 2016 tarihleri arasında belirlenen dört istasyondan aylık olarak 112 μm ağ göz ve 50 cm ağız açıklığına sahip plankton kepçesi ile dikey çekim yöntemi ile toplanmıştır. Çalışmada 4 jelimsi makrozooplankton türü tanımlanmıştır: Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758); Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865; Beroe ovata Bruguière, 1789; and, Pleurobrachia pileus (O.F. Müller, 1776). Dört örnekleme istasyonunun, maksimum ortalama jelimsi makrozooplankton bolluk değeri Ağustos 2015 (24.58 birey m-2) tarihinde kaydedilmiştir. En yüksek ortalama jelimsi makrozooplankton biomass değeri Nisan 2016 tarihinde (147.79 g m-2) belirlenmiştir. Jelimsi makrozooplankton bolluk ve biomass değerlerinin yaz ve ilkbaharda artış gösterdiği saptanmıştır. Toplam jelatinimsi makrozooplankton bolluğundaki artıştan M. leidyi ve P. pileus yaz aylarında sorumluyken, A. aurita ve B. ovata ilkbahar ve sonbaharda toplam bolluktaki artışta etkili olmuştur. M. leidyi bolluk ve biomass değerleri sıcaklık ile pozitif ilişki gösterirken çözünmüş oksijen değerleri ile negatif ilişki gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7435-8414
Author: Funda ÜSTÜN (Primary Author)
Institution: SINOP UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7443-1298
Author: Zekiye BİRİNCİ ÖZDEMİR
Institution: SINOP UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 31, 2019

APA ÜSTÜN, F , BİRİNCİ ÖZDEMİR, Z . (2019). Seasonal Distribution of Gelatinous Macrozooplankton in the Hamsilos Bay, Southern Black Sea, Turkey. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (4) , 583-592 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.511807