Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 4, Pages 650 - 658 2019-08-31

Assessment of Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of L-Carnitine in Allium cepa Root Tip Assay
L- Karnitinin Sitotoksik ve Genotoksik Etkilerinin Allium cepa Kök Ucu Testi ile Değerlendirilmesi

Siğnem ÖNEY-BİROL [1] , Fatma GÜNDÜZ [2]


L-carnitine is an endogenous molecule that is naturally synthesized and involved in energy metabolism of the organism. In this study, it was aimed to reveal potential genotoxic effects of l-carnitine using Allium cepa L. (onion) test. To investigate effects of different doses of l-carnitine (100, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 mg/L) on mitotic activity and chromosome structure, 1250 (0.22), 1000 (0.25) and 250 (0.21) mg/L of l-carnitine doses stimulated mitotic activity compared to the control group (0 mg/L l-carnitine) (0.20), however, it was determined that 500 mg/L l-carnitine concentration (0.11) inhibited cell division. Genotoxic effect of l-carnitine were compared with all studied concentrations and although there were no chromosome aberrations in the control group of onion meristematic cells, numerious chromosome aberations were found in all application groups of l-carnitine concentrations such as disorderly prophase, micronucleus, fault polarization, lagging chromosomes, anaphase and/or telophase bridges and denucleated cells. The results presented in this study showed that dose of 1000 mg/L of l-carnitine, which is frequently used in diets as a dietery supplement, stimulated mitotic activity via increasing cell division and reduced genotoxic damage on chromosomes, however 500 mg/L of l-carnitine dose had a toxic effect on cells and increased aberration rates on chromosome structure.  

L-karnitin organizma için enerji metabolizmasında görevli doğal olarak sentezlenen endojen bir moleküldür. Bu çalışmada, Allium cepa L. (soğan) testi ile l-karnitinin muhtemel genotoksik etkilerini ortaya koymak amaçlanmıştır. Farklı dozlarda (100, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 mg/L) l-karnitinin mitotik aktivite ve kromozom davranışları üzerine etkilerine dair yapılan çalışmada kontrol grubuna (0 mg/L l-karnitin) (0.20) oranla 1250 (0.22), 1000 (0.25) ve 250 (0.21) mg/L l-karnitin uygulamasının mitotik aktiviteyi teşvik ettiği, 500 (0.11) mg/L l-karnitin uygulamasının ise hücre bölünmesini baskıladığı belirlenmiştir. L-karnitinin genotoksik etkisi bakımından, kontrol grubu soğan kök meristematik hücrelerinde kromozom aberasyonlarına rastlanmazken, tüm uygulama gruplarında farklı tipte (düzensiz profaz, mikronukleus, yanlış kutuplaşma, geri kalmış kromozomlar, anafaz ve telofaz köprüsü, çift nukleuslu hücre) ve sayıda anormal kromozomlara rastlanmıştır. Bu çalışmada ortaya konulan sonuçlar, gıda takviyesi olarak sıklıkla tüketilen l-karnitinin 1000 mg/L’lik dozunun mitotik aktiviteyi teşvik etmek suretiyle hücre bölünmesini artırdığı ve kromozomlar üzerindeki genotoksik hasarı indirgemesine rağmen 500 mg/L’lik l-karnitin dozunun hücrelerde toksik etkiye sahip olduğu ve kromozom yapısı üzerinde aberasyonların oranını artırdığını göstermiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0828-5739
Author: Siğnem ÖNEY-BİROL (Primary Author)
Institution: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2642-8916
Author: Fatma GÜNDÜZ
Institution: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 31, 2019

APA ÖNEY-BİROL, S , GÜNDÜZ, F . (2019). L- Karnitinin Sitotoksik ve Genotoksik Etkilerinin Allium cepa Kök Ucu Testi ile Değerlendirilmesi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (4) , 650-658 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.526634