Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 5, Pages 685 - 693 2019-10-31

Kısıntılı Sulama Koşullarında Bazı Pamuk (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotiplerinin Kuraklık Toleransının Belirlenmesi
Determination of Drought Tolerance for Some Cotton Genotypes (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under Deficit Irrigation Conditions

Mualla KETEN [1] , Hasan DEĞİRMENCİ [2] , Ramazan Şadet GÜVERCİN [3]


Bu çalışmanın amacı, sulama suyunda belirli oranlarda kısıntı yaparak suyu daha verimli kullanmak ve kuraklığa toleransı yüksek pamuk genotiplerini belirlemektir. Çalışmada 7 farklı genotip (Aday 1, Aday 2, Aday 3, Aday 4, Aday 5, Aday 6 ve Aday 7) ve Stonville 468 pamuk çeşidi kullanılmıştır. Kuraklık toleransını belirlemek için Stres Duyarlılık İndeksi (SSI), Verim Kararlılık İndeksi (YSI), Verim Azalma Oranı (Yr), Verim İndeksi (YI), Toleranslılık İndeksi (TOL), Ortalama Verimlilik (MP), Harmonik Ortalama (HM), Geometrik Ortalama Verimliliği (GMP), Modifiye Edilmiş Stres Toleranslılık İndeksleri (K1STI-potansiyel verim değerlerinden elde edilerek hesaplanan indeks, K2STI- stres koşullarında elde edilen verim değerleriyle hesaplanan indeks) ve Stres Toleranslılık İndeksi (STI) kullanılmıştır. HM, MP, GMP, STI, K1STI indekslerinin stresli ve stressiz koşullarda uygulanabilirliği Aday 4 genotipinde görülmüştür. En yüksek MP değeri, Aday 6 genotipinde bulunmuştur.. En düşük SSI indeksi Aday 2’de bulunmuş ve kuraklığa toleranslı olduğunu göstermiştir. Ortalama karşılaştırma (LSD), temel bileşenler analizi (PCA) ve kümeleme (Cluster) analizi sonucunda Aday 2 genotipinin kuraklığa yüksek oranda toleranslı olduğu görülmüştür.

The aim of this study was to use water more efficiently and  determine drought-tolerant cotton genotypes by reducing the irrigation water at certain rates. In this study, 7 different cotton genotypes (Aday 1, Aday 2, Aday 3, Aday 4, Aday 5, Aday 6, and Aday 7) and a control variety (Stonville 468) were used. In order to determine drought tolerance, parameters including Stress Susceptibility Index (SSI), Yield Stability Index (YSI), Yield Reduction Ratio (Yr), Yield Index (YI), Tolerance Index (TOL), Mean Productivity (MP), Harmonic Mean (HM), Geometric Mean Productivity, Modified Stress Tolerance (K1STI- index calculated from potential yields, K2STI- index calculated from yield values in stress conditions) Stress Tolerance Index (STI) and Yield Strength Index (YSI) were used. Stressed and non-stress conditions applicability of HM, MP, GMP, STE, K1STI indices has appeared in Aday 4 genotypes. The highest value of MP was found in Aday 6 genotype. The lowest SSI index was in genotype Aday 2. As a result of the mean comparison (LSD), principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis, the Aday 2 genotype was found highly tolerant to drought under non stress conditions.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7741-922X
Author: Mualla KETEN (Primary Author)
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOSİSTEM MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6157-816X
Author: Hasan DEĞİRMENCİ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOSİSTEM MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6195-5762
Author: Ramazan Şadet GÜVERCİN
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TÜRKOĞLU MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA KETEN, M , DEĞİRMENCİ, H , GÜVERCİN, R . (2019). Kısıntılı Sulama Koşullarında Bazı Pamuk (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotiplerinin Kuraklık Toleransının Belirlenmesi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (5) , 685-693 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.509483