Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 6, Pages 972 - 975 2019-12-31

Kazdağlarında (Edremit-Balıkesir) yayılış gösteren Sideritis trojana türünün Uçucu Yağ Oranı ve Bileşenlerinin Diurnal ve Ontogenetik Varyasyonunun Belirlenmesi Üzerine Bir Araştırma
An Investigation on the Determination of Diurnal and Ontogenetic Variations of Essential Oil Composition in Sideritis trojana Growing in Kazdağı (Edremit-Balıkesir)

Cenk PAŞA [1] , Selami SELVİ [2] , Züleyha ÖZER [3] , Turgut KILIÇ [4]


Bu araştırmada, Kazdağlarında (Balıkesir-Edremit) yayılış gösteren Sideritis trojana Bornm. türünün uçucu yağ oranı ve bileşenlerinin diurnal ve ontogenetik varyasyonunun belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Uçucu yağ bileşenleri GC-MS analizi ile yapılmıştır. En yüksek uçucu yağ oranı çiçeklenme döneminde (% 0.25-30), en düşük uçucu yağ oranı ise meyve döneminde  (% 0.07-0.10) tespit edilmiştir. Vejetatif dönemde uçucu yağ bileşenleri α-bisabolol (% 27.8), valeranone (% 13.4), 4-terpineol (% 10.3), germacrene-D (% 8.8) ve spathulenol (% 5.8); çiçeklenme döneminde ise 4-terpineol (% 30.3), caryophyllene (% 21.0) ve 3-methyl nonane (9.3 %) olarak; meyve oluşumu döneminde 4-terpineol (% 16.1), copaene (% 15.4), caryophyllene (% 10.6), 3-methyl nonane (% 9.8) ve valeranone (% 7.9) olarak belirlenmiştir. 

This study was conducted to determine the essential oil composition and diurnal variations (9.00 am, 12.00 am and 16.00 pm) of Sideritis trojana Bornm. which was distributed naturally at the peak of Kazdağı (Balikesir-Edremit), west of Turkey during the growing season. The oil composition was determined with GC-MS. The highest quantity of essential oil content (0.25-0.30 %) was found at the full plant flowering stage and the lowest was at fresh fruiting stage (0.07-0.10 %). Diurnal fluctuation in essential oils of whole plant was also observed. The higher and lower essential oil levels were observed at the afternoon (16.00 pm) and  in the morning (08.00 pm), respectively. The oils were consisted of mainly α-bisabolol (27.8 %), valeranone (13.4 %), 4-terpineol (10.3 %), germacrene-D (8.8 %) and spathulenol (5.8 %) at the vegetative stage, 4-terpineol (30.3 %), caryophyllene (21.0 %) and 3-methyl nonane (9.3 %) at the flowering stage, 4-terpineol (16.1 %), copaene (15.4 %), caryophyllene (10.6 %), 3-methyl nonane (9.8 %) and valeranone (7.9 %) at the fresh fruiting stage.

  • Aytaç Z, Aksoy A 2000. A new Sideritis species (Labiatae) from Turkey. Flora Mediterranea, 10: 181-184.
  • Baytop T 1999. Therapy with medicinal plants in Turkey (Past and Present). Nobel Medicine Publications, 2nd edition, Istanbul, 118-119.
  • Çarıkçı S, Kılıç T, Azizoğlu A, Topçu G 2012. Chemical Constituents of Two Endemic Sideritis Species from Turkey with Antioxidant Activity. Rec. Nat. Prod., 6(2): 101-109.
  • Davis PH 1982. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island, Edinburgh University Press. 7: 178-199.
  • Fairbairn JW, Challen SB 1959. Alkaloids of Hemlock (Conium maculatum L.) distribution in relation to the development of the fruit. Biochem, 72: 556-562.
  • Gupta SK, Singh P, Bajpai P, Ram G, Singh D, Gupta MN, Gupta DJ, Jain SP, Khanuja SP, Kumar S 2002. Morphogenetic variation for artemisinin and volatile oil in Artemisia annua. Ind. Crop Prod., 16: 217-224.
  • Güvenç A, Duman H 2010. Morephological and anatomical studies of annual taxa of Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae), with notes on chorology in Turkey. Turk J. Bot., 34: 83-104.
  • Kılıç T, Çarıkçı S, Topcu G, Aslan I, Gören AC 2009. Diterpenoids from Sideritis condensate evaluation of chemotaxonomy of Sideritis species and insecticidal activity. Chem. Nat. Comp., 45: 918-920.
  • Kırımer N, Baser KHC, Demirci B, Duman H 2004. Essential oils of Sideritis species of Turkey Belonging to the section Empedoclia. Chemistry of Natural Compunds, 40(1): 19-23.
  • Kırımer N, Demirci B, İşcan G, Baser KHC, Duman H 2008. Composition of The Essential Oils of Two Sideritis Species From Turkey and Antimicrobial Activity. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 44(1): 121-123.
  • Miriam R, Pfeifer S 1994. Über die Veranderungen im Alkaloidhaushalt der Mohnpfanze warend einer Vegatationsperiode. Sci Pharm., 27: 34-40.
  • Obon de Castro C, Rivera Nunez D 1994. A taxonomic revision of the section Sideritis. (Berlin-Stuttgart, Ed. Cramer, J) 86.
  • Paşa C, Selvi S 2011. Kazdağları’nda (Balıkesir-Edremit) yöre halkı tarafından toplanan ve ticareti yapılan tıbbi bitkiler üzerine bir araştırma, IX. Tarla Bitkileri Kongresi, 12-15 Eylül 2011, Bursa, s:1409-1412.
  • Piozzi F, Bruno M, Rosselli S, Maggio 2006. The diterpenoids from the genus Sideritis. S.Nat. Prod. Chem., 33: 493-540.
  • Polat R, Selvi S, Çakılcıoğlu U, Açar M 2012. Investigations of ethnobotanical aspect of wild plants sold in Bingöl (Turkey) local markets, Biological Diversity and Conservation, 5(3):155-161.
  • Selvi S, Satıl F, Polat R, Çakılcıoğlu, U 2012. Kazdağlarından (Balıkesir-Edremit) Toplanan Ve Bölgedeki Aktarlarda Satılan Tıbbi Bitkiler Üzerine Bir Araştırma, Kazdağları III. Ulusal Sempozyumu, 24-26 Mayıs 2012, Edremit Balıkesir, s: 505-513.
  • Schwob L, Bessiere JM, Masotti V, Viano J 2004. Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phonological cycle. Biochem.Syst.Ecol, 32: 735-745.
  • Smith R, Caswell D, Carriere A, Zielke B 1996. Variation in the ginsenoside content of American gingseng, Panax quinquefolius L. roots. Can. J. Bot., 74: 1616-1620.
  • Topçu G, Gören AC 2007. Biological activity of diterpenoids isolated from Anatolian Lamiaceae Plants. Rec.Nat.Prod., 1: 1-16.
Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section SHORT COMMUNICATION
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6125-9767
Author: Cenk PAŞA (Primary Author)
Institution: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ALTINOLUK MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9959-6945
Author: Selami SELVİ
Institution: BALIKESIR UNIVERSITY, ALTINOLUK VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4957-5756
Author: Züleyha ÖZER
Institution: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ALTINOLUK MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6842-3160
Author: Turgut KILIÇ
Institution: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, NECATİBEY EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA PAŞA, C , SELVİ, S , ÖZER, Z , KILIÇ, T . (2019). An Investigation on the Determination of Diurnal and Ontogenetic Variations of Essential Oil Composition in Sideritis trojana Growing in Kazdağı (Edremit-Balıkesir). Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (6) , 972-975 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.517345