Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 6, Pages 830 - 836 2019-12-31

Investigation of the Effect of Honey Bee Pollination for Apple (Malus sylvestris (L.)Mill.) on Fruit Yield, Seed Number and Seed Germination Capacity
Investigation of The Effect of Honey Bee Pollination for Apple (Malus sylvestris (L.)Mill.) on Fruit Yield, Seed Number and Seed Germination Capacity

Fethi Ahmet ÖZDEMİR [1] , Mehmet Ali KUTLU [2] , Abdurrahman GÜL [3]


Apple is a self-incompatible fruit that is completely pollinated by cross pollination. Honey- bees are particularly effective in cross pollination. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pollination of apple by honey bees on the fruit yield, average number of seeds and germination capacity of the seeds. We observed that the average number of flowers in apple branches open to pollination ranged from 10.18 ± 0.53 to 278.43 ± 0.73 while the average number of flowers in apple branches close to pollination was between 8.07 ± 1.19 and 127.05 ± .057. The average duration of bee stay on apple flowers open to pollination was in the range of 3.66 ± 0.09 to 8.64 ± 0.07 seconds. The total number of fruits on the branches that were open to pollination was higher than those of close to pollination. Likewise, the average number of seeds on the branches open to pollination was higher than those of closed to pollination. We also observed that the average germination of seeds obtained from branches open to pollination was higher than the those of close to pollination. 

Apple is a self-incompatible fruit that is completely pollinated by cross pollination. Honey- bees are particularly effective in cross pollination. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pollination of apple by honey bees on the fruit yield, average number of seeds and germination capacity of the seeds. We observed that the average number of flowers in apple branches open to pollination ranged from 10.18 ± 0.53 to 278.43 ± 0.73 while the average number of flowers in apple branches close to pollination was between 8.07 ± 1.19 and 127.05 ± .057. The average duration of bee stay on apple flowers open to pollination was in the range of 3.66 ± 0.09 to 8.64 ± 0.07 seconds. The total number of fruits on the branches that were open to pollination was higher than those of close to pollination. Likewise, the average number of seeds on the branches open to pollination was higher than those of closed to pollination. We also observed that the average germination of seeds obtained from branches open to pollination was higher than the those of close to pollination.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7215-9692
Author: Fethi Ahmet ÖZDEMİR (Primary Author)
Institution: BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0862-9690
Author: Mehmet Ali KUTLU
Institution: BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4055-0229
Author: Abdurrahman GÜL
Institution: BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA ÖZDEMİR, F , KUTLU, M , GÜL, A . (2019). Investigation of the Effect of Honey Bee Pollination for Apple (Malus sylvestris (L.)Mill.) on Fruit Yield, Seed Number and Seed Germination Capacity. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (6) , 830-836 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.547450