Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 251 - 263 2019-12-31

Batı Anadolu Fasulye Genetik Kaynaklarının Biyolojik Çeşitliliğinin Araştırılması ve Karakterizasyonu
Investigation and Characterization of Phaseolus bean bio-diversity in Western Anatolia

Hüseyin ÇANCI [1] , Faik KANTAR [2] , Murat BOZKURT [3] , Mehmet Zahit YEKEN [4] , Vahdettin ÇİFTÇİ [5] , Göksel ÖZER [6]


Bu çalışmada, Batı Anadolu Bölgesi'nde 10 ilde üretilen 156 önemli yerel fasulye ekotipi 2015 yılında toplanmış ve ekotipler arasındaki biyolojik çeşitliliği araştırmak ve karakterize etmek için 2016 yılında Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi'nde tarla denemesi yürütülmüştür. İncelenen karakterler açısından en belirgin değişim kuru sap ve tane veriminde kaydedilirken bunu bitkide bakla sayısı,  baklada tane sayısı, bitki boyu ve yüz tane ağırlığı takip etmiştir.  En yüksek bitki başına tane verimi MGL-30 (145.6 g), MGL-38 (101.7 g), ANT-43 (87.8 g) ve MGL-26 (81.9 g)  genotiplerinden elde edilmiştir.  Temel bileşen analizinde, 17 bileşen yerel fasulye genetik kaynaklarındaki varyasyonun %74.9’unu izah etmiştir.  Bakla rengi, bitki tipi ve sarılma özelliği en fazla katkı sağlayan özellikler olmuştur.  Bitki boyu ve olgunlaşma gün sayısı, biplot analizinde tane verimi ile aynı yönde ve en dar açıya sahip vektörler olmuştur. Morfolojik özellikler kullanılarak üretilen benzerlik dendogramı genotipleri iki ana gruba (A ve B) ve dört alt gruba (A1, A2, B1 ve B2 ) ayrılmıştır.   Morfolojik özellikler açısından en uzak gruplarda yer alan MGL-01, KTH-01, MNS-01 ve ANT-13 ile UŞK-01, ANT-01, MGL-05 ve AYD-02 ekotipleri kullanılarak melezleme ıslahı ile yeni çeşitler geliştirilebilir.

In this study, 156 important local bean ecotypes produced in 10 provinces in the Western Anatolia Region were collected in 2015, and field trial was conducted in 2016 at Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture in order to investigate and characterize biodiversity. The highest variation was recorded for straw yield and seed yield per plant followed by pod number per plant, seed number per pod, plant height and 100 seed yield. MGL-30 (145.6 g), MGL-38 (101.7 g), ANT-43 (87.8 g) and MGL-26 (81.9 g) gave the highest seed yields per plant. In principle component analysis, 17 components explained   74.9% of genetic variation in local bean genetic resources.  Pod color, plant growth and speed of climbing were the most important traits contributing to diversity. In biplot vector analysis, plant height and days to maturity were of the closest and parallel vector angle to seed yield.  Hierarchal constellation cluster analysis on the bases of morphological traits produced two main groups (A and B) and 4 sub-groups (A1, A2, B1, and B2). Most distant landraces of MGL-01, KTH-01, MNS-01, and ANT-13 to the genotypes of UŞK-01, ANT-01, MGL-05 and AYD-02 may be used in a hybridization program.  

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8963-850X
Author: Hüseyin ÇANCI
Institution: Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3102-1181
Author: Faik KANTAR
Institution: Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarımsal Biyoteknoloji Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8609-8288
Author: Murat BOZKURT
Institution: Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarımsal Biyoteknoloji Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0490-371X
Author: Mehmet Zahit YEKEN (Primary Author)
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Ziraat ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Bolu, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0547-9527
Author: Vahdettin ÇİFTÇİ
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Ziraat ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Bolu, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3385-2520
Author: Göksel ÖZER
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Ziraat ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü, Bolu, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution TÜBİTAK
Project Number 115R042
Thanks Bu çalışma Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TUBITAK) tarafından desteklenmiştir (Proje no. 115R042).
Dates

Application Date : June 18, 2019
Acceptance Date : August 22, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA ÇANCI, H , KANTAR, F , BOZKURT, M , YEKEN, M , ÇİFTÇİ, V , ÖZER, G . (2019). Batı Anadolu Fasulye Genetik Kaynaklarının Biyolojik Çeşitliliğinin Araştırılması ve Karakterizasyonu. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 () , 251-263 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.579482