Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 1, Pages 33 - 43 2020-02-28

Tuz Stresi Altında Vermikompost Uygulamasının Kıvırcık Salatada (Lactuca Sativa Var. Crispa) Makro ve Mikro Element İçerikleri Üzerine Etkisi
Effect of Vermicompost on Macro and Micro Nutrients of Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa Var. Crispa) Under Salt Stress Conditions

Zeynep DEMİR [1] , Sevinç KIRAN [2]


Bu çalışma, tuz stresine (SS) maruz kalmış kıvırcık salata bitkisinin (Lactuca sativa Var. crispa) makro ve mikro besin içerikleri üzerine vermikompostun (V), etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. V’un dozları ile; 0 (V0), %2.5 (V1) ve %5 (V2) (w/w), tuz stresi seviyeleri; kontrol (SS0) (0 dS m-1 NaCl), orta derecede tuz stresi (SS4) (4 dS m-1 NaCl), şiddetli tuz stresi (SS8) (8 dS m-1 NaCl) kullanılmıştır. Besin içerikleri bakımından değerlendirmek amacıyla bitkiler 46 gün (24 Mayıs-10 Temmuz 2017) boyunca serada kontrollü koşullar altında tutulmuştur. Orta ve şiddetli tuz stresi bitkilerin P, K, Mg, Fe, Mn ve Zn konsantrasyonlarını kontrole göre önemli seviyelerde azaltırken, N ve Na konsantrasyonlarında ise artışa neden olmuştur. V uygulamaları ile Na azalırken diğer mineral element içerikleri önemli ölçüde artmış ve bu artışlar %5 V uygulamasında daha etkili bulunmuştur. SS x V interaksiyonunun etkisi N, P, Mg, Na, Fe, Mn ve Zn bakımından istatistiksel olarak önemli bulunurken, K, Ca ve Cu için önemsiz olmuştur. Tuzluluk probleminin bulunduğu alanlarda V uygulamalarının kıvırcık salata yetiştiriciliğinde, tuzluluğun bitki üzerine olan toksik etkisini azaltmaya ve besin maddelerinin alımındaki dengesizliği iyileştirmeye katkıda bulunabildiğini göstermiştir.

This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of vermicompost (V) on macro and micro nutrients of lettuce (Lactuca sativa Var. crispa) exposed to salt stress (SS). V doses; 0 (V0), 2.5% (V1) and 5% (V2) (w/w) and salt stress levels; control (SS0) (0 dS m-1 NaCl), medium salt stress (SS4) (4 dS m-1 NaCl), severe salt stress (SS8) (8 dS m-1 NaCl) were used. In order to make evaluation in terms of the nutrients, plants were kept under controlled conditions (relative humidity 50-55%, daytime/night time temperature 24/20 °C) in the greenhouse for 46 days (May 24 and July 10, 2017). While the medium and severe salt stress decreased the P, K, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations of plants significantly, compared to the control, it caused increase in N and Na concentration. While Na decreased due to the V, other mineral element concentrations increased significantly and these increases were found more effective in 5% V application. The effect of SS x V interaction was statistically significant in terms of N, P, Mg, Na, Fe, Mn and Zn, whereas it was found insignificant for K, Ca and Cu. It was shown that in lettuce growing, V applications in areas with salinity problems could contribute to reducing the toxic effects of salinity on the plant and improving the imbalance in nutrient intake.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7589-3216
Author: Zeynep DEMİR (Primary Author)
Institution: Toprak, Gübre ve Su Kaynakları Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6756-0235
Author: Sevinç KIRAN
Institution: Toprak, Gübre ve Su Kaynakları Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Soil, Fertilizer and Water Resources Central Research Institute, Ankara, Turkey
Thanks The authors would like to thank the Center for Research on Soil Fertilizers and Water Resources for providing the working environment and facilities for this study.
Dates

Application Date : June 19, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 10, 2019
Publication Date : February 28, 2020

APA DEMİR, Z , KIRAN, S . (2020). Effect of Vermicompost on Macro and Micro Nutrients of Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa Var. Crispa) Under Salt Stress Conditions. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (1) , 33-43 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.579695