Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 6 2020-02-28

Bazı Tanenlerin Soğan (Allium cepa L.) Dip Çürüklüğü Hastalık Etmeni Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae Üzerine Antifungal Etkisi
Antifungal Effect of Some Tannins on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae the Agent of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Root Rot Disease

İdris BEKTAŞ [1] , Ceyda ÜCÜK [2] , Mustafa KÜSEK [3]


Soğan (Allium cepa L.) ekim alanlarında bir çok hastalık etmeni görülmektedir. Bu hastalık etmenlerinden en önemlisi olan Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae (FOC)’nın neden olduğu dip çürüklüğü hastalığı önemli derecede ürün kayıplarına neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada 3 farklı ticari tanen ekstraktının(Artutan K, Artutan ve Farmatan) farklı dozları(%0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, ve  4.0) ve ticari bir fungusit olan  Antracol WP 70’in (%0.05) FOC misel gelişimi üzerine etkisi in vitro ortamda  incelenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre; Artutan ve Farmatan uygulamaları fungal misel gelişimini %57,3 ile %51,4 oranında engellemiştir. Aynı konsantrasyondaki Artutan %57,3; Farmatan ise %51,4 oranında misel gelişimini engellemiştir. Ayrıca tüm tanen ekstraktlarının %2 ve %4’lük konsantrasyonu ve Artutan K'nın % 1'lik konsantrasyonu FOC misel gelişimini Antracol WP 70 den daha daha fazla baskılamıştır(p<0.05). Üç farklı tanen ekstraktının farklı konsantrasyonları FOC'un in vitro ortamda misel gelişimine etkisi negatif kontrol ile karşılaştırıldığında birçok konsantrasyonunun  antifungal özellik gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak; yapılan bu çalışmada kullanılan tanenler bitki hastalık etmenlerine karşı kullanılan sentetik bileşiklere alternatif olarak kullanılabileceği saptanmıştır.

There are seen many disease agents in Onion (Allium cepa L.) growing areas. The onion basal rot disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae (FOC) is one of the most important agents causing significant crop losses. In this study, different doses (0,0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0%) of three different commercial tannin extracts (Artutan K, Artutan and Farmatan) and one dose (0.05%) of a commercial fungicide (Antracol WP 70) were investigated, on FOC mycellium growth in vitro conditions. Results indicated that Artutan with K 4% concentration inhibited FOC mycellium growth at the highest rate of 76.4% compared to negative control. At the same concentration, Artutan and Farmatan inhibited FOC mycelial growth by 57.3% and 51.4%, respectively. In addition, 2% and 4% concentration of all tannin extracts and 1% concentration of Artutan K suppressed FOC mycellium growth more than Antracol WP 70 (p<0.05). Most of concentration was found to have antifungal effect, when different concentrations of three different tannin extracts were compared to negative control. We can conclude from this study that tannins can be used as an alternative to synthetic compounds in plant disease agents management.

  • Ahmad I, Beg AZ 2001. Antimicrobial and Phytochemical Studies on 45 Indian Medicinal Plants Against Multi-Drugand Resistant Human Pathogens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 74(2): 113-123.
  • Akiyama H, Kazuyasu F, Yamasaki O, Oono T, Iwatsuki K 2001. Antibacterial Action of Several Tannins Against Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 48 (48): 487-491.
  • Al-Zoreky NS 2009. Antimicrobial Activity of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Fruit Peels. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 134(3): 244-248.
  • Behrani G, Syed R, Abro M, Jiskani M, Khanzada M 2015. Pathogenicity and Chemical Control of Basal Rot of Onion Caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences, 31(1): 60-70.
  • Bektas İ, Kusek M 2019. Phylogenetıc and Morphologıcal Characterızatıon of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae the Causal Agent of Basal Rot on Onıon Isolated from Turkey. Fresenıus Envıronmental Bulletın, 28(3): 1733-1742.
  • Boonsang N, Dethoup T, Singburaudom N, Gomes NGM, Kijjoa A 2014. In vitro Antifungal Activity Screening of Crude Extracts of Soil Fungi against Plant Pathogenic Fungi. Journal of Biopesticides, 7(2): 156.
  • Castillo F, Hernándeza D, Gallegosa G, Mendezb M, Rodríguez R, Reyes A, Aguilar CN 2010. In vitro Antifungal Activity of Plant Extracts Obtained with Alternative Organic Solvent Against Rhizoctonia solani. Industrial Crops and Products, 32(3): 324-328.
  • Cramer, C.S., 2000. Breeding and Genetics of Fusarium Basal Rot Resistance in Onion. Euphytica, 115(3):159–166.
  • Deans SG, Svoboda KP 1990. The Antimicrobial Properties of Marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) Volatile Oil. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 5(3): 187-190.
  • Esposito T, Celano R, Pane C Piccinelli AL, Sansone F, Picerno P, Zaccardelli M, Aquino RP, Mencherini T 2019. Chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller.) Burs Extracts and Functional Compounds: UHPLC-UV-HRMS Profiling, Antioxidant Activity, and Inhibitory Effects on Phytopathogenic Fungi. Molecules, 24 (302):1-22.
  • FAO 2018. Faostat. http://www.fao.org/faostat/ en/#data/QC. (Erişim Tarihi: 13.05.2019).
  • Gupta R, Srivastava K, Pandey U 1991. Management of Onion Diseases and Insect Pests in India. Onion Newsletter for the Tropics, (3):15-17.
  • Hao JJ, Liu H, Donis-Gonzalez IR., Lu, XH, Jones AD, Fulbright DW 2012. Antimicrobial Activity of Chestnut Extracts for Potential use in Managing Soil Borne Plant Pathogens. Plant Disease, 96(3): 354-360.
  • Javaid A, Niaz L, Shoaib A 2017. Effect of Incorporation of Leaf Biomass of Coronopus didymus on Management of Basal Rot Disease of Onion and its Physiology. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 19(3):445-452.
  • Latté KP, Kolodziej H 2000. Antifungal Effects of Hydrolysable Tannins and Related Compounds on Dermatophytes, Mould Fungi and Yeasts. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, 55(5-6): 467-472.
  • Lu L, Liu SW, Jiang SB, Wu SG 2004. Tannin Inhibits HIV-1 Entry by Targeting gp41. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 25(2):213-218.
  • Machado TB, Pinto AV, Pinto MCFR, Leal ICR, Silva MG, Amaral ACF, Netto-dosSantos KR 2003. In vitro Activity of Brazilian Medicinal Plants, Naturally Occurring Naphthoquinones and their Analogues, Against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 21(3): 279-284.
  • Mimbs IV, WH, Cusaac JPW, Smith LM, McMurry ST, Belden JB 2016. Occurrence of Current-Use Fungicides and Bifenthrin in Rain Water Basin Wetlands. Chemosphere 159: 275-281.
  • Naz S, Siddiqi R, Ahmad S, Rasool S, Sayeed S 2007. Antibacterial Activity Directed Isolation of Compounds from Punica granatum. Journal of Food Sciences 72(9): M341-M345.
  • Özer N, Köycü ND 2004. Seed-Borne Fungal Diseases of Onion, and their Control. In Fruit and Vegetable Diseases (pp. 281-306). Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Rabe T, Staden J 1997. Antibacterial Activity of South African Plants Used for Medicinal Purposes. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 56(1): 81-87.
  • Scalbert A 1991. Antimicrobial Properties of Tannins. Phytochemistry,30(12): 3875-3883.
  • Shan B, Cai YZ, Brooks J, Corke H 2007. The In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Dietary Species and Medicinal Herb Extracts. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 117(1): 112-119.
  • Sibi G, Naveen R, Dhananjaya K, Ravikumar KR, Mallesha M 2012. Potential use of Muntingia calabura L. Extracts Against Human and Plant Pathogens. Pharmacognosy Journal, 4 (34): 44-47.
  • Soylu S, Soylu EM, Kurt Ş, Ekici ÖK 2005. Antagonistic Potentials of Rhizosphere-Associated Bacterial Isolates against Soil-Borne Diseases of Tomato and Pepper Caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Rhizoctonia solani. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8: 43-48.
  • Soylu EM, Kurt Ş, Soylu S 2010. In vitro and In Vivo Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oils of Various Plants Against Tomato Grey Mould Disease Agent Botrytis cinerea. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 143(3): 183-189.
  • TÜİK 2018. Bitkisel Üretim Denge Tabloları 2017/2018. www.tüik.gov.tr (Erişim tarihi:17.09.2018).
  • Yang CL, Yen KY 2000. Induction of Apoptosis by Hydrolyzable Tannins from Eugenia jambos L. on Human Leukemia Cells. Cancer Letters, 157(1): 65-75.
  • Yılmaz M, Kavak S, Baysal Ö 2014. Bazı Ticari Sabit ve Uçucu Yağların Domates Bakteriyel Kanser ve Solgunluk Etmeni Üzerine Antibakteriyel Etkileri. Derim, 31 (1):50-60.
  • Zhu C, Lei M, Andargie M, Zeng J, Li J 2019. Antifungal Activity and Mechanism of Action of Tannic Acid Against Penicillium digitatum. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 107: 46-50.
Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7409-4837
Author: İdris BEKTAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: AMASYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9695-281X
Author: Ceyda ÜCÜK
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6320-5869
Author: Mustafa KÜSEK
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : June 25, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 7, 2019
Publication Date : February 28, 2020

APA BEKTAŞ, İ , ÜCÜK, C , KÜSEK, M . (2020). Bazı Tanenlerin Soğan (Allium cepa L.) Dip Çürüklüğü Hastalık Etmeni Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae Üzerine Antifungal Etkisi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (1) , 1-6 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.582007