Cilt 17, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 34 - 38 2015-02-10

The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes

Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ [1] , Rabin QADIR [2]

104 254

Abstract: The root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, is one of the major pathogen causing great losses in many crops worldwide. Nematicidal activity of five plant essential oils (onion, QL agri35, bay tree, eucalyptus, mustard) against M. incognita were investigated in tomato and pepper. Experiment was designed as randomized complete block design with three nematode inoculums (0, 1000 and 2000 J2 per plant) and three essential oil concentration (0, 100 and 250 µL per plant) replicated four times. There were no significant differences between nematode inoculums level and essential oil concentration used. However, all plant extract treatments restrained nematode populations in both tomatoes and pepper host plants. Among the essential oils, eucalyptus sustained the highest plant heights of 34.20±2.9 cm and 29.55±3.4 cm for tomato and pepper, respectively. Among all treatments, eucalyptus reduced the number of second-stage juvenile in the soil (Rf) significantly in both tomatoes (0.70±0.1) and pepper (0.10±0.2). Among five plant essential oils, application of a rate of 100 µL per pot could give the best results in root-knot nematode control and be an alternative to the some current control methods. Further studies are needed in the area of using plant extracts as an alternative to other nematode control tactics.

Key words:  Meloidogyne incognita, plant essential oils, nematode control, bionematicide

Meloidogyne incognita, plant essential oils, nematode control, bionematicide
  • Anonymous, 2009. Export Promotion Center of Turkey. and Tomato http://www.economy.gov.tr. Tomato Production.
  • Cetintas, R., Kaur, R., Brito, J. A., Menders, M. L., Nyczepir, A. P., Dickson, D. W. 2007. Pathogencity and mayaguensis and M. floridesis compared with Three Common Meloidogyne spp. Nematropica, 37: 21-31.
  • Cetintas, R., Yarba, M.M. 2010. Nematicidal Effects of Five Plant Essential Oils on the Southern Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne incognita Race 2. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9(2): 222-225.
  • Eisenback, J. D., Sasser, J., Carter, C. 1985. Diagnostic Characters Useful in the Identification of the Four Most Common Species of Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne, 1:95-112.
  • Gong, B., Bloszies, S., Li, X., Wei, M., Yang, F., Shi, Q., Wang, X. 2013. Efficacy of Garlic Straw Application Against Root-Knot Nematodes on Tomato. Scientia Horticulture, 161: 49-57.
  • Harris, H., Hopkinson, D.A. 1976. Handbook of Enzyme Electrophoresis in Human Genetics. North- Holland Publications. New York/Oxford. 356 pp.
  • Hartman, K.M., Sasser, J.N. 1985. Identification of Meloidogyne Species on the Basis of Differential Host Test and Perennial Pattern Morphology. pp. 69-77 in K. R. Barker, C. C. Carter, and J. N. Sasser, Eds. An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. Vol II. Methodology. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina States Graphics.
  • Hussey, R.S., Barker, K.R. 1973. A Comparison of Methods of Collecting Inoculums of Meloidogyne spp., Including a New Technique. Plant Disease Reporter, 57: 1025-1028.
  • Javed, N., Gowen, S.R., Inam-ul-Haq, M., Abdullah, K., Shahina, F. 2007. Systemic and Persistent effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Formulation Against Root-Knot Nematodes, Meloidogyne javanica and Their Storage Life. Crop Prot. 26:911-916.
  • Jonathan, E.I., Kumar, S., Devarajan, K., Rajendran, G. 2001. Fundamentals of Plant Nematology. Devi Publications, Tiruchirapalli.
  • Norman, J.C. 1992. Tropical Vegetable Crops. Arthur H. Stockwell Ltd, Ilfracombe, Great Britain. pp. 52- 77.
  • Oka, Y., Nacar, S., Putievsky, E., Ravid, U., Yaniv, Z., Spiegel, Y. 2000. Nematicidal Activity of Essential Oils and Their Components against the Root-Knot Nematode. Phytopathol., 90: 710-715.
  • Perry, R. N., Moens, M., Starr, J. L. 2009. Root-Knot Nematodes. (Maurice Moens, Roland N Perry, & J. L. Starr, (Eds) Current (pp. 1-101). International. CAB
  • Sangwan , N.K., Verma, K.K., Verma and Dhindsa, K.S. 1990. Nematicidal Activity of Some Essential Oils. 10.1002/ps 2780280311.
  • Saravanpriya, B., Sivakumar, M. 2005. Management of Root Knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita on Tomato with Botanicals. Natural Product Radiance 4:3.
  • Sasser ,J. N, Freckman, D.W. 1987. A World Perspective on Nematology: The Role of the Society. In: Veech, J. A, Dickson, D.W, Editors. Vistas on Nematology. Hyattsville, MD: (U.S.A) Society of Nematology, pp. 7-14.
  • Sasser, J. N., 1980. Root-knot Nematodes: A Global Menace to Crop Production. Plant Disease, 64: 36- 45.
  • Sasser, J.N., Carter, C.C., Hartman, K.N. 1984. Standardization of Host Suitability Studies and Reporting of Resistance to Root-Knot Nematodes, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. A Cooperative Publication of the North Carolina State University, Department of Plant Pathology and USAID.
  • Taylor, A.L., Sasser, J.N. 1978. Biology, Identification, and Control of Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne species). North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh.
  • Thies J.A., Merrill, S.B., Corley, E.I. 2002. Red Food Color Stain: New, Safer Procedures for Staining Nematodes in Roots and Egg Masses on Root Surface. Journal of Nematology, 34: 179-181. Trudgill, D.L., Blok, V.C. Polyphagous Root-Knot Nematodes: Exceptionally Successful Pathogens. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 39: 53-77. 2001. Apomictic, and Biotrophic Root
  • Whitehead, A.G., Hemming, J. 1965. A Comparison of Some Quantitative Methods of Extracting Small Vermiform Nematodes from Soil. Annals of Applied Biology 55: 25-38.
  • Zuckerman, B.M., Esnard, J. 1994. Biological control of plant nematodes current status and hypothesis. Japanese Journal of Nematology, 24: 1-13.
Birincil Dil en
Konular
Dergi Bölümü ENTOMOLOJİ (Entomology)
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ
E-posta: cetintas@ksu.edu.tr

Yazar: Rabin QADIR
E-posta: reben19855@yahoo.com

Bibtex @ { ksudobil243848, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {17}, pages = {34 - 38}, doi = {10.18016/ksujns.66660}, title = {The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇETİNTAŞ, Ramazan and QADIR, Rabin} }
APA ÇETİNTAŞ, R , QADIR, R . (2015). The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 17 (3), 34-38. Retrieved from http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/22842/243848
MLA ÇETİNTAŞ, R , QADIR, R . "The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2015): 34-38 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/22842/243848>
Chicago ÇETİNTAŞ, R , QADIR, R . "The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2015): 34-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes AU - Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ , Rabin QADIR Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 34 EP - 38 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - -1309-1743 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes %A Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ , Rabin QADIR %T The Effect of Some Plant Extracts on Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Pepper and Tomatoes %D 2015 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi %P -1309-1743 %V 17 %N 3 %R %U