Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 91 - 99 2018-01-01

Orta Doğu Fırat Havzası'nda Su Eksikliğinin Susamın Biyokimyasal ve Büyümesine Olan Etkisi
Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley

Ali ÖZKAN [1]

18 26

Su eksikliği, tarımsal üretim alanlarında, toprağın verimliliğini olumsuz etkileyerek bitkinin büyümesi, verimi, kalitesi ve temel besin elementlerinin alımını sınırlandıran en önemli sorunların başında gelmektedir. Su, biyo-ekonomi, tarım ve gıda güvenliği için tüm yaşam ve merkezin vazgeçilmez doğal kaynağıdır. Ancak küresel toplumların % 80'i su güvensizliği ile karşı karşıyadır. Birleşmiş Milletler tarafından 2015 sonrası önerilen sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Hedefleri (SDG) 'de su kıtlığı ve bunlarla ilgili risklerin ele alınması ön plana çıkmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, su eksikliğinin, gelişmekte olan ülkeler için temel besin kaynaklarından olan susam bitkisinin (Sesamum indicum L. Osmanlı cv. ve Muganlı-57 cv.)  büyüme, yağ verimi, yağ asidi ve mineral içeriğine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Su kaynaklı çatışma ve felaketlerin tarih boyunca alışılagelmiş olduğu yer olan Fırat Havzası’nda yetiştirilen susam bitkisinin su stresi altında vermiş olduğu tepkiler incelenmiştir. Çalışma sonuçlarına, sürdürülebilirlik, felaket ve gıda güveliğine ilişkin stratejik görüşler verilmiştir.

Among the abiotic stresses, water stress is considered to be one of the major limitations on plant growth, yield, quality and nutritional status for sustainable agriculture worldwide. Water is an indispensable planetary natural resource essential to all life and central to bio economy, agriculture and food security. Yet 80% of the global society is exposed to water insecurity. Addressing water deficit and associated risks are prominent in the post-2015 proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by United Nations.  We report the impacts of water deficit on sesame growth, oil yield, fatty acid composition and mineral content of Sesamum indicum L. (Osmanlı cv. versus Muganlı-57 cv.) aerial/edible parts in Euphrates valley of the Middle-East. Sesame is a major foodstuff particularly in developing countries. This is of the studies on response of sesame to water deficit in two different cultivars of sesame in Euphrates Valley where water-based conflicts and disasters are historically common. According to the study results, strategic outlook on food security, disasters and sustainability were given

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ - RESEARCH ARTICLE
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ali ÖZKAN
E-posta: aozkan27@gmail.com
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ksudobil286272, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi}, issn = {}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, pages = {91 - 99}, doi = {10.18016/ksudobil.286272}, title = {Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZKAN, Ali} }
APA ÖZKAN, A . (2018). Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 21 (1), 91-99. DOI: 10.18016/ksudobil.286272
MLA ÖZKAN, A . "Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 91-99 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/31775/286272>
Chicago ÖZKAN, A . "Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 91-99
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley AU - Ali ÖZKAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.286272 DO - 10.18016/ksudobil.286272 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 91 EP - 99 VL - 21 IS - 1 SN - - M3 - doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.286272 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksudobil.286272 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley %A Ali ÖZKAN %T Effect of Water Deficit on Biochemical and Growth of Sesame in the Middle East Euphrates Valley %D 2018 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi %P - %V 21 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.286272 %U 10.18016/ksudobil.286272