Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 615 - 623 2018-08-31

Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri
Effects of Tannins on Poultry Nutrition

Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR [1]

72 154

Tahıl, baklagil, sebze ve meyvelerde bulunan en önemli ikincil metabolitlerden birisi de tanenlerdir. Tanenler, azot içermeyen, hidrolize ve kondense şekillerde olan, amorf yapıdaki polimerik fenolik bileşiklerdir. Hidrolize olabilen tanenler bitkilerde daha az miktarlarda bulunurlar. Kondense tanenler ise, hidroliz ile parçalanmaya dayanıklı flavonoid ünitelerinden meydana gelmiştir.

Tanenler, antioksidan, antikanserojen, antimikrobiyal ve antiparaziter fonksiyonlara sahiptirler. Diğer yandan anti besinsel özellikleri nedeniyle kanatlı hayvanlar üzerinde bazı olumsuz etkileri vardır.  Ruminantlarla karşılaştırıldığında kanatlı hayvanlar, tanenlere karşı daha hassastırlar. Yüksek miktardaki tanenler, kanatlı hayvanlarda iştahın azalması ve buna bağlı olarak yem tüketiminin düşmesi, besin emiliminin kötüleşmesi vb. gibi performans kayıplarına yol açarlar. Ayrıca güçlü bir karaciğer ve böbrek zehiri olarak da bilinen tanenler, kanatlı hayvanların yemek borusunda tahrişe, kursak, taşlık ve duedonumda nekrozlara, kemik bozukluklarına ve dokularda çeşitli düzeyde patolojik değişimlerin meydana gelmesine neden olurlar.

Bu derlemede, tanenin özellikleri, sınıflandırılması, kanatlı hayvanlarının beslenmesindeki genel etkileri ve tanen miktarını azaltan uygulamalar incelenmiştir.

One of the most important secondary metabolite found in cereals, legumes, vegetables and fruits is tannins. Tannins are polymeric phenolic compounds in the amorphous structure which are nitrogen-free, hydrolyzed and condensed forms. Tannins that can be hydrolyzed are found in smaller amounts in plants. Condensed tannins have flavonoid units resistant to hydrolysis.

Tannins have antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial and antiparasitic functions. On the other hand, due to their anti-nutritional contents, they have some negative effects on poultry. According to ruminants, poultry are more sensitive to tannins. High amounts of tannins lead to performance losses in poultry, such as reduced appetite, reduced feed intake, and poor absorption of nutrients etc. Tannins, also known as potent liver and kidney poisons, cause poultry to develop bone disorders and pathological changes at various levels in tissues, irritation in esophagus, necrosis in crop, gizzard, and duodenum.

In this review, the characteristics of tannins, their classification, the general effects of tannins on feeding of poultry and practices that reduce the amount of tannins have been examined.

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Yazar: Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR (Sorumlu Yazar)

Bibtex @derleme { ksutarimdoga433640, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2619-9149}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, pages = {615 - 623}, doi = {10.18016/ksudobil.359982}, title = {Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇALIŞLAR, Süleyman} }
APA ÇALIŞLAR, S . (2018). Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 21 (4), 615-623. DOI: 10.18016/ksudobil.359982
MLA ÇALIŞLAR, S . "Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 615-623 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/37499/433640>
Chicago ÇALIŞLAR, S . "Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 615-623
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri AU - Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.359982 DO - 10.18016/ksudobil.359982 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 615 EP - 623 VL - 21 IS - 4 SN - -2619-9149 M3 - doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.359982 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksudobil.359982 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri %A Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR %T Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri %D 2018 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi %P -2619-9149 %V 21 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18016/ksudobil.359982 %U 10.18016/ksudobil.359982
ISNAD ÇALIŞLAR, Süleyman . "Tanenlerin Kanatlı Hayvan Beslemede Etkileri". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 / 4 (Ağustos 2018): 615-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksudobil.359982