Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 19 - 25 2019-02-28

Türkiye Kestane Piyasasındaki Gelişmeler
Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey

Mehmet BOZOĞLU [1] , Uğur BAŞER [2] , Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU [3] , Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ [4]

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Türkiye, dünyada kestane üretimi ve ihracatındaki önemli ülkelerden biridir. Bu çalışmada, Türkiye'nin kestane piyasasındaki 1960 sonrası dönemdeki gelişmelerin ve piyasa yapısının ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmanın verileri, Gıda ve Tarım Örgütü ve Türkiye İstatistik Kurumundan derlenmiştir. Türkiye, 2016 yılı dünya kestane üretiminde %2.97'lik payla en büyük ikinci ülkedir. Türkiye'deki kestane dikim alanları, 1961 yılından itibaren 48,000 hektardan 39,000 hektara gerilemiştir. 1988 yılında 90,000 tona çıkan kestane üretimi, son yıllarda 65,000 tona düşmüştür. Hektara verim 1998 yılında 2 tonun üzerinde iken, son yıllarda kestane dal kanseri ve mürekkep hastalıklarının etkisiyle 1.6 tona düşmüştür. Kestane üretiminin çoğu, üreticiler tarafından toptancılara pazarlanmakta, yetersiz ve etkin örgütlenmenin olmayışı nedeniyle üreticiler toptancılarla rekabet edememektedirler. Türkiye’de yurtiçi kestane piyasalarına herhangi bir hükümet müdahalesi söz konusu olmayıp, kabuklu ve iç kestaneye ithalatta %43.2 tarife uygulanmaktadır. 2001 sonrası dönemde ton başına üreticilerin eline geçen fiyatlar 1,000 ABD Dolarından 3,500 ABD Dolarına çıkmıştır. Ülke toplam ve kişi başına kestane tüketim miktarlarında 1980’lerden itibaren azalış yaşanmaktadır. Üretim ve fiyat düzeyine bağlı olarak 1,000 ila 12,000 ton arasında değişen ihracatıyla Türkiye, dünya kestane ihracatının %4.1’ini gerçekleştirmektedir. Bununla birlikte, Türkiye son yıllarda toplam değeri 5,000 ila 700,000 ABD Doları olan 20 ila 700 ton kestane ithal etmektedir.

Turkey is one of the main countries both in producing and exporting chestnut in the world. Objective of this study was to evaluate the structure and developments in the chestnut market of Turkey since the 1960s. The main data were gathered from the databases of the Food and Agriculture Organization and the Turkish Statistical Institute. In 2016, Turkey was the second largest chestnut producer in the world with a share of 2.97%. Chestnut plantation areas in Turkey have decreased from 48,000 to 39,000 ha since 1961. While chestnut production increased to 90,000 tons in 1988, and decreased to 65,000 t recently. Whereas the yield per hectare was over 2 t in 1988, which decreased to 1.6 t recently, due to ink disease and canker blight. Most of the chestnut production is traditionally sold by producers to wholesalers; therefore, producers cannot compete with wholesalers due to lack of sufficient and effective cooperation under farmer organization. Whereas there isn’t any government intervention to the domestic chestnut markets in Turkey. It is implemented 43,2% of tariff rate was implemented for chestnut in importation. Although the net incomes per ton of the chestnut producers have increased from 1,000 US$ to 3,500 US$ since 2001, total and per capita chestnut consumption amounts have decreased since the late 1980s. Turkey’s chestnut export fluctuated between 1,000 t and 12,000 t depending on production and price levels and it accounted for 4.1% of the global chestnut exportation. In recent years, Turkey has imported between 20 t and 700 t chestnut totaling of 5,000-700,000 US$ in value.

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Orcid: 0000-0001-8333-1865
Yazar: Mehmet BOZOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4961-2764
Yazar: Uğur BAŞER
Kurum: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1188-8274
Yazar: Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU
Kurum: Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3607-4306
Yazar: Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ
Kurum: IĞDIR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, IĞDIR ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { ksutarimdoga430319, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2619-9149}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, pages = {19 - 25}, doi = {10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319}, title = {Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {BOZOĞLU, Mehmet and BAŞER, Uğur and ALHAS EROĞLU, Nevra and KILIÇ TOPUZ, Bakiye} }
APA BOZOĞLU, M , BAŞER, U , ALHAS EROĞLU, N , KILIÇ TOPUZ, B . (2019). Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 22 (1), 19-25. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319
MLA BOZOĞLU, M , BAŞER, U , ALHAS EROĞLU, N , KILIÇ TOPUZ, B . "Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 (2019): 19-25 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/39650/430319>
Chicago BOZOĞLU, M , BAŞER, U , ALHAS EROĞLU, N , KILIÇ TOPUZ, B . "Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 (2019): 19-25
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey AU - Mehmet BOZOĞLU , Uğur BAŞER , Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU , Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319 DO - 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 25 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - -2619-9149 M3 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey %A Mehmet BOZOĞLU , Uğur BAŞER , Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU , Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ %T Developments in the Chestnut Market of Turkey %D 2019 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi %P -2619-9149 %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319 %U 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319
ISNAD BOZOĞLU, Mehmet , BAŞER, Uğur , ALHAS EROĞLU, Nevra , KILIÇ TOPUZ, Bakiye . "Türkiye Kestane Piyasasındaki Gelişmeler". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 / 1 (Şubat 2019): 19-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.430319