Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 153 - 163 2019-02-28

Prebiotic Applications in Cultured Crayfish and Shrimps
Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar

Metin YAZICI [1] , Yavuz MAZLUM [2]

33 105

Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing and promising sectors of food production all over the world. In commercial aquaculture, it is very important to elevate disease resistance, feed efficiency and growth performance of cultured aquatic species. If these are realized, overall production costs would be remarkably reduced. Antibiotics has been widely used in aquaculture to alleviate infectious diseases or to promote growth performance. On the other hand, indiscriminate use of antibiotics and some chemical drugs in aquaculture has led to potential negative effects on the environment as well as human health. Therefore, functional dietary supplements, such as prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics have been increasing importance as an environment friendly method to improve the health of fish and crustaceans. In this review, the effects of prebiotics are focused. Prebiotics are nondigestible feed ingredients that can positively affect the animal organism by stimulating the activity and growth of beneficial native bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate the pathogenic ones. Despite the potential benefits to health and growth performance as noted in various terrestrial animals and fish, the use of prebiotics in crustacean has been less investigated. The purpose of this review is to discuss the effects of dietary prebiotics on growth performance, survival rate, digestive enzyme activities and intestinal morphology in shrimp and crayfish cultivation. The most commonly used prebiotics in such applications are mannanoligosaccharides (MOS), fructooligosaccharides (FOS), GOS (galactooligolosaccharide), isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO), xylooligosaccharides (XOS) and inulin.

Su ürünleri yetiştiriciliği, dünyadaki en hızlı büyüyen ve gelecek vadeden besin üretim sektörlerinden biridir. Ticari su ürünleri yetiştiriciliğinde, yetiştiriciliği yapılan türlerin hastalık direncini, yem verimliliğini ve büyüme performansını arttırmak çok önemlidir. Bunlar gerçekleşirse, genel üretim maliyetleri dikkate değer ölçüde azalır. Enfeksiyon hastalıklarını azaltmak veya büyüme performansını arttırmak için su ürünleri yetiştiriciliğinde antibiyotik kullanımı yaygın olarak uygulanmıştır. Bununla birlikte su ürünleri yetiştiriciliğinde antibiyotiklerin ve bazı kimyasal ilaçların ayırım yapılmadan rastgele kullanılması, insan sağlığının yanı sıra çevre üzerinde de potansiyel olumsuz etkilere yol açmıştır. Bu yüzden prebiyotikler, probiyotikler ve sinbiyotiklerinde dahil olduğu fonksiyonel yem katkıları, balık ve eklembacaklı sağlığını iyileştirmek için çevre dostu yöntemler olarak önem kazanmıştır. Bu derleme de prebiyotiklerin etkilerine odaklanılmıştır. Prebiyotikler; sindirim sisteminde doğal olarak bulunan yararlı bakterilerin aktivitesini ve büyümesini uyararan ve patojenik olanları ortamdan uzaklaştırarak hayvan organizmasını olumlu yönde etkileyebilen sindirilemeyen besin bileşenleridir. Çeşitli karasal hayvanlarda ve balıklarda sağlık ve büyüme performansı üzerine potansiyel faydaları belirtilmesine rağmen, eklembacaklı prebiyotiklerin kullanımı daha az araştırılmıştır. Bu derlemenin amacı, prebiyotiklerin karides ve kerevit yetiştiriciliğinde büyüme performansı, hayatta kalma oranı, sindirim enzim aktiviteleri ve barsak morfolojisi üzerindeki etkilerini değerlendirmektir. Bu tür uygulamalarda en yaygın kullanılan prebiyotikler, mannanoligosakkaritler (MOS), fruktooligosakkaritler (FOS), GOS (galaktooligosakkarit), izomaltooligosakkaritler (IMO), ksiloligosakkaritler (XOS), inülin ve bazı ticari prebiyotiklerdir.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-7011-886X
Yazar: Metin YAZICI (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9547-0966
Yazar: Yavuz MAZLUM
Kurum: İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { ksutarimdoga471559, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2619-9149}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, pages = {153 - 163}, doi = {10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559}, title = {Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar}, key = {cite}, author = {YAZICI, Metin and MAZLUM, Yavuz} }
APA YAZICI, M , MAZLUM, Y . (2019). Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 22 (1), 153-163. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559
MLA YAZICI, M , MAZLUM, Y . "Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 (2019): 153-163 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/39650/471559>
Chicago YAZICI, M , MAZLUM, Y . "Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 (2019): 153-163
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar AU - Metin YAZICI , Yavuz MAZLUM Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559 DO - 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 153 EP - 163 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - -2619-9149 M3 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar %A Metin YAZICI , Yavuz MAZLUM %T Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar %D 2019 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi %P -2619-9149 %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559 %U 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559
ISNAD YAZICI, Metin , MAZLUM, Yavuz . "Karides ve Kerevit Yetiştiriciliğinde Prebiyotik Uygulamalar". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 22 / 1 (Şubat 2019): 153-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.471559