Year 2019, Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 537 - 546 2019-08-31

Effect of Different Application Methods of Humic Acid on Cotton Yield, Plant Growth and Fiber Quality
Humik Asidin Farklı Uygulama Yöntemlerinin Pamukta Verim, Bitki Gelişimi ve Lif Kalitesine Etkisi

Mehmet TARHAN [1] , Emine KARADEMİR [2]

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This study was carried out to determine the effect of different humic acid application methods on cotton yield, plant development and fiber quality. The study was conducted as randomized complete block design with four replications at the Field Crops Department experiment area, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University. Stoneville 468 cotton variety and TKI Humas humic acid were used as material Seven different humic acid applications were performed. The results showed that the seed cotton yield, fiber yield, number of boll per plant and boll seed cotton weight affected from different applications, while days of first flowering, days of first boll opening, plant height, number of monopodial branches per plant, number of sympodial branches per plant, node number of first sympodial branches, number of nodes per plant, height/node ratio, weight of boll, 100 seed weight, ginning percentage, first picking percentage and fiber technological properties not affected from different humic acid applications. The results indicated that application of humic acid at the pre-flowering stage increased the seed cotton yield, fiber yield and number of bolls per plant. It was concluded that application of humic acid at pre-flowering stage to green parts of plants was more appropriate than other applications in cotton.

Bu çalışma humik asidin farklı uygulama yöntemlerinin pamukta verim, bitki gelişimi ve lif kalitesine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Araştırma Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü deneme alanında 2016 yılında, tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre 4 tekrarlamalı olarak yürütülmüş ve denemede materyal olarak Stoneville 468 pamuk çeşidi ile TKİ Hümas humik asidi kullanılmıştır. Denemede 7 farklı uygulama yer almıştır. Humik asit uygulamalarının kütlü pamuk verimi, lif verimi, bitki başına koza sayısı ve koza kütlü ağırlığı özelliklerine önemli etkisinin olduğu belirlenmiştir. Çiçeklenme gün sayısı, koza açma gün sayısı, bitki boyu, odun dalı sayısı, meyve dalı sayısı, ilk meyve dalı boğum sayısı, boğum sayısı, boy/nod oranı, koza ağırlığı, 100 tohum ağırlığı, çırçır randımanı, ilk el kütlü oranı ile lif teknolojik özellikleri üzerine uygulamaların önemli bir etkisinin olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Çiçeklenme öncesi dönemde yaprağa humik asit uygulaması ile kütlü pamuk verimi, lif verimi ve koza sayısı değerlerinin arttığı, pamukta humik asit uygulamasının bitkinin çiçeklenme öncesi dönemde yeşil aksama uygulanmasının daha uygun olacağı sonucuna varılmıştır. 

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3532-3742
Author: Mehmet TARHAN
Institution: Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı Gercüş Tarım İlçe Müdürlüğü, Batman
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6369-1572
Author: Emine KARADEMİR (Primary Author)
Institution: Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, SİİRT
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: August 31, 2019

APA TARHAN, M , KARADEMİR, E . (2019). Humik Asidin Farklı Uygulama Yöntemlerinin Pamukta Verim, Bitki Gelişimi ve Lif Kalitesine Etkisi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 22 (4), 537-546. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.493408