Year 2019, Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 593 - 600 2019-08-31

Kuzey Ege ve Marmara Denizleri Kıyısal Alan Yüzey Suyunda TPH Kirliliğinin Karşılaştırılması: Prens Adaları ve Gökçeada örnekleri
Comparison of TPH Contamination in Coastal Surface of North Aegean and Marmara Seas: Prince Islands and Gökçeada

Esra Billur BALCIOĞLU [1]

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Bu çalışmada 2017 yılı boyunca Gökçeada çevresinden 15 ayrı istasyondan mevsimlik ve Prens Adaları’ ndan ise yerleşim ve ulaşımın olduğu 4 adadan birer noktadan olmak üzere aylık alınan yüzey suyu örneklerinde toplam petrol hidrokarbon (TPH) değerleri belirlenmiştir. Örnekler, diklorometan ile ekstraksiyondan sonra ekstraktı temizleme düzeneğinden geçirilerek, spektroflourimetrede örneklerin absorbans ölçümleri yapılmış ve kalibrasyon eğrisi kullanılarak da TPH konsantrasyonları hesaplanmıştır. TPH düzeyleri Gökçeada’ da 0.24 µg L-1 - 8.94 µg L-1 aralığındayken, en yüksek değer adaya ulaşımın sıklaştığı yaz döneminde ve limana yakın olan Kaleköy istasyonunda tespit edilmiştir. Prens Adaları’ nda ise 0.8 µg L-1 - 8 µg L-1 aralığında bulunmuştur. En yüksek değer yine yaz döneminde ve adalar içerisinde en kalabalık olan ve ulaşımın en sık olduğu Büyükada istasyonunda ölçülmüştür. Bu bulgularla hem bu iki bölgelerle ilgili veri sağlanmış, hem de veriler karşılaştırılmıştır. Prens Adaları, konumu itibariyle yoğun kirletici faaliyetlerin etkisi altında olduğundan yüksek değerlere sahip olsa da, Gökçeada’ nın da son zamanlarda tercih edilmesiyle ulaşımın artması ve Türk Boğazlar Sistemi’ nin çıkışına yakın olması nedeniyle, adanın zamana bağlı artan kirlilik potansiyeline sahip olduğu ortaya konmuştur. 

In this study, throughout 2017, TPH values were determined in surface water samples taken seasonally from 15 different stations around Gökçeada and monthly from the 4 resided islands (from one spot for each) of Princes' Islands. The water samples were extracted with dichloromethane and the extract was passed through the cleaning apparatus and absorbances were measured using the spectrophotometer. Concentrations were calculated using the standard curve. TPH levels ranged from 0.24 µg L-1 to 8.94 µg L-1 in Gökçeada. The highest TPH levels was determined at Kaleköy station located near to the port during the summer when the access to the island became more frequent. The values in the Prince Islands ranged between 0.8 µg L-1 and 8 µg L-1. The highest value was also found in the summer period at Büyükada station where the highest population and most frequent transportation occurred in the island. With these findings, provided data were compared in two regions. It was found that, although the Princes' Islands sustained  high values as a result of intensive polluting activities, Gökçeada had a potential for high pollution due to its location (close to the exit of Turkish Straits System) and increasing preferability.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1235-9101
Author: Esra Billur BALCIOĞLU (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE İŞLETMECİLİĞİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: August 31, 2019

APA BALCIOĞLU, E . (2019). Kuzey Ege ve Marmara Denizleri Kıyısal Alan Yüzey Suyunda TPH Kirliliğinin Karşılaştırılması: Prens Adaları ve Gökçeada örnekleri. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 22 (4), 593-600. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.525968