Year 2018, Volume 21 , Issue 2, Pages 246 - 263 2018-04-30

Black Soldier Fly Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758): Biology, Farming and Using for Animal Nutrition
Kara Asker Sineği Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758): Biyoloji, Üretim ve Hayvan Beslemede Kullanımı

Sırrı KAR [1] , Hasan Ersin ŞAMLI [2] , Levent ARIN [3]


Meeting the food needs of the growing world population is one of the most important global problems of our time. It is widely emphasized that the need will be much more serious in the coming decades and that radical measures should be taken at this point. The ongoing search for alternatives at this point has shown that insects can be one of the ideal sources for feeding of human and especially livestock. Many insect species have been focused in the related investigations, and the results showed that particularly black soldier fly is the most ideal species in many aspects. The species, which has advantages such as ease of production, feeding on organic wastes, potential for utilization of organic wastes as an organic fertilizer, being nature friendly and largely nutritional content of larvae, has begun to be widely produced in many parts of the world in recent decade. Related data and reports reveal the significance of this fly species in the worldwide food shortage issue with a very assertive certainty. In this review, the issues of biology, morphology, farming in Turkey conditions, nutritional content and use for animal nutrition of the fly have been elaborated in detail, and almost all the current data that both possible producers and related researchers can benefit from are presented in an integrated manner.

Artan dünya nüfusunun gıda ihtiyacını karşılamak günümüzün en önemli küresel sorunlarından biri durumundadır. Söz konusu ihtiyacın önümüzdeki yıllarda çok daha ciddi boyutlara ulaşacağı ve bu noktada radikal önlemler alınması gerektiği yaygın şekilde vurgulanmaktadır. Bu noktada süregelen alternatif arayışları, insanların, özellikle de çiftlik hayvanlarının beslenmesinde böceklerin en ideal kaynaklardan biri olabileceğini göstermiştir. İlgili araştırmalarda birçok böcek türü üzerinde durulmuş ve bunlardan özellikle de kara asker sineğinin çeşitli açılardan en ideal tür olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Üretim kolaylığı, organik atıklarda beslenebilmesi, beslenme artığının organik gübre olarak kullanılabilme potansiyeli taşıması, çevre dostu olması ve larvalarının besin içeriğinin oldukça yüksek olması gibi avantajlara sahip olan tür son yıllarda dünyanın birçok bölgesinde yaygın olarak üretilmeye başlamıştır. Elde edilen veriler ve hazırlanan raporlar, bu sinek türünün dünya çapındaki gıda açığı sorununu giderme konusunda, oldukça iddialı olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Bu makalede, sineğin biyolojisi, morfolojisi, Türkiye koşullarında üretimi, besin içeriği ve hayvan beslemede kullanımı konuları ayrıntılı bir şekilde ele alınmış olup, hem üreticilerin hem de ilgili araştırmacıların yararlanabileceği hemen bütün veriler bir bütünlük içinde sunulmuştur.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section REVIEW ARTICLE
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Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Sırrı KAR (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Hasan Ersin ŞAMLI

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Levent ARIN

Dates

Application Date : June 23, 2017
Acceptance Date : August 15, 2017
Publication Date : April 30, 2018

APA Kar, S , Şamlı, H , Arın, L . (2018). Kara Asker Sineği Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758): Biyoloji, Üretim ve Hayvan Beslemede Kullanımı . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 21 (2) , 246-263 . DOI: 10.18016/ksudobil.323450