Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 347 - 353 2019-12-31

MM106 Anacı Üzerine Aşılı Bazı Elma Çeşitlerinde Benziladenin ve Naftalen Asetik Asit Uygulamalarının Meyve Seyreltmesi ve Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi
Effects of Benzyladenine and Naphthalene Acetic Acid Applications on Fruit Thinning and Quality of Some Apple Cultivars Grafted onto MM 106 Rootstocks

Berna TURAK [1] , Ersin GÜLSOY [2] , Rafet ASLANTAŞ [3]


Meyve seyreltmesi, meyve büyüklüğü ve kalitesini iyileştirmek periyodisiteyi kontrol etmek ve sonraki yılın çiçek tomurcuğu oluşumunu arttırmak için yapılan önemli bir uygulamadır. Meyve seyreltmesi, elle veya bazı kimyasal maddeler kullanılarak yapılır. 2015 yılında yürütülen çalışmada MM 106 klon anacı üzerine aşılı Granny Smith, Golden Delicious ve Red Chief elma çeşitlerinde NAA’nın 5 ve 10 ppm’lik dozları ile BA’nin 100 ve 150 ppm’lik dozlarının meyve seyreltmesi ve bazı meyve kalite özellikleri üzerine etkisi araştırılmış ve elle seyreltme uygulamasıyla karşılaştırılmıştır. Elle seyreltme uygulaması Haziran dökümünden sonra her hüzmede ortada bir meyve kalacak şekilde yapılırken, kimyasal seyreltme uygulaması tam çiçeklenmeden 3 hafta sonra yapılmıştır. Çalışmada en yüksek seyreltme oranı Granny Smith çeşidinde sırasıyla NAA’nın 5 ppm’lik (%93.80) ve 10 ppm’lik (% 91.65), dozları ile BA’nin 100 ppm’lik (%89.88) ve 150 ppm’lik (% 88.98) dozlarından elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre NAA’nın 10 ppm’lik ve BA ‘nin 100 ve 150 ppm’lik uygulamaları etkili meyve seyreltmesi ve meyve kalitesi için önemli bulunmuştur. Ayrıca elle seyreltme uygulaması kimyasal uygulamalara göre meyve ağırlığını daha fazla arttırmıştır.

Fruit thinning is an essential practice to improve fruit size and quality, control alternate bearing and increase return bloom in the next season. Fruit thinning is performed by hand or by using some chemicals. In this study, the effect of chemical thinning, namely two doses of 5 and 10 ppm of Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) or of 100 and 150 ppm of Benzyladenine (BA) on fruit thinning and some fruit quality traits Golden Delicious, Red Chief and Granny Smith apple cultivars grafted on MM 106 clone rootstock in 2015 was tested and compared with the effect of hand thinning. Chemical treatment was applied after three weeks of full bloom, while the hand thinning was made to be released a fruit per cluster on each branch in small fruit period after June-drops. The results showed that the highest fruit thinning ratio was found in the Granny Smith cultivars, with 5 ppm (93.80%) and 10 ppm (91.65%) of NAA, 100 ppm (89.88%) and 150 ppm 88.98%) of BA. It can be concluded that the applications of 10 ppm of NAA and 100 and 150 ppm of BA were found effective for fruit thinning and fruit quality. Furthermore, the hand thinning application increased the fruit weights more than all the chemical applications.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6321-2981
Author: Berna TURAK
Institution: Iğdır Tarım ve Orman İl Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4217-0695
Author: Ersin GÜLSOY (Primary Author)
Institution: IĞDIR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, IĞDIR ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1368-5673
Author: Rafet ASLANTAŞ
Institution: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks This study was a part of master’s thesis of the first author under supervision of the second author.
Dates

Application Date : May 31, 2019
Acceptance Date : August 22, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA Turak, B , Gülsoy, E , Aslantaş, R . (2019). Effects of Benzyladenine and Naphthalene Acetic Acid Applications on Fruit Thinning and Quality of Some Apple Cultivars Grafted onto MM 106 Rootstocks . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Cilt 22 (Ek Sayı 2) , 347-353 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.572969