Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 2, Pages 506 - 514 2020-04-30

Farklı Seviyelerde Kalsiyum Karbonat (CaCO3) Kullanımının Yavru Tatlısu İstakozu Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823)’larının Büyümesi, Hayatta Kalması, Kabuk Değişimi ve Vücut Kompozisyonları Üzerine Etkileri
The Effects of Using Different Levels of Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) on Growth, Survival, Molting Frequency and Body Composıtion of Freshwater Crayfısh Juvenile, Pontastacus leptodactylus

Yavuz MAZLUM [1] , Sinem ŞİRİN [2]


Bu çalışmada, farklı seviyelerde kalsiyum karbonat kullanımının yavru tatlısu istakozu Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823)’lerinin büyümesi, hayatta kalması, kabuk değişimi ve vücut kompozisyonları üzerine etkileri incelenmiştir. P. leptodactylus yavrularının başlangıç ortalama ağırlıkları ve uzunlukları sırasıyla 0,53±0,01 g ve 22,0±0,05 mm olarak hesaplanmıştır. Kerevitler, rastgele metrekareye 50 adet 0,2 m2 alana sahip on iki akvaryuma stoklanmıştır. Yavru kerevitleri beslemek için farklı seviyelerde CaCO3 ticari alabalık yemine (Kontrol), % 3, % 6 ve % 12 olacak şekilde ilave edilmiştir. 90 günlük çalışmadan sonra, yemlere %6 oranında CaCO3'ın ilave edilmesi diğer gruplarla kıyaslandığında, büyüme hızını, spesifik büyüme hızını, yem alımını, kabuk değişim sıklığını, biyoması önemli ölçüde (P<0.05) etkilemiş, ancak kerevitlerin hayatta kalma oranının azalttığını göstermiştir. Kerevitlerin kuyruk etinden alınan örnekler sonucunda, protein, yağ, nem ve kül içeriklerinin muamele grupları arasında istatistiki olarak farklı olmadığı gözlenmiştir. Bu sonuçlar, diyet kalsiyum karbonat takviyesinin kerevit için gerekli olduğunu göstermiştir. Bu nedenle, deneyin sonunda tatlı su istakoz yavruları için formüle edilmiş diyetlerde % 6 kalsiyum karbonat kullanılması önerilir.

The present study was conducted to determine different calcium carbonate (CaCO3) level effects on growth, survival, molting frequency and body composition of freshwater crayfish juvenile, Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823). Initial mean weight and length juvenile crayfish were measured to be 0.53±0.01 g and 22.0±0.05 mm, respectively. Crayfish were stocked randomly in twelve aquariums in area of 0.2 m2 at the rate of 50 crayfish/m2. The different level of CaCO3 was added into a commercial trout diet (Control), 3%, 6% and 12% for feeding the juvenile crayfish. After 90-day study, supplementation of CaCO3 significantly (P< 0.05) did affect growth rate, specific growth rate, feed intake, molting frequency, biomass, but reduced survival of crayfish at level of 6% diet as compared to the other groups.  The proximate composition of tail meat of crayfish was unaffected by the diet. These results indicated that the calcium carbonate addition is required for crayfish. At the end of the experiment, 6% of calcium carbonate was suggested to be used in formulated diets for crayfish juvenile. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9547-0966
Author: Yavuz MAZLUM (Primary Author)
Institution: İskenderun Teknik Üniversitesi Deniz Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Fakültesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0468-7295
Author: Sinem ŞİRİN

Supporting Institution Scientific Project Office of Mustafa Kemal University
Project Number Project No: 04 Y 1 0121
Thanks This study was supported by funding from the Scientific Project Office of Mustafa Kemal University (Project No: 04 Y 1 0121). This study result is based on a part of the master thesis. The authors would like to thank the Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology staff for their assistance during the study.
Dates

Application Date : September 3, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 28, 2019
Publication Date : April 30, 2020

APA Mazlum, Y , Şi̇ri̇n, S . (2020). The Effects of Using Different Levels of Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) on Growth, Survival, Molting Frequency and Body Composıtion of Freshwater Crayfısh Juvenile, Pontastacus leptodactylus . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (2) , 506-514 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.614826