Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 2, Pages 328 - 335 2020-04-30

Kireçli Bir Mera Toprağında Arıtma Çamuru Dozlarının ve Uygulama Zamanının Ekstrakte Edilebilir Metal Konsantrasyonuna Etkisi
The Effects of Sewage Sludge Application Doses and Times on Extractable Metal Concentrations in a Calcareous Pasture Soil

Mehmet Ali BOZKURT [1] , Hakkı AKDENİZ [2] , Bilal KESKİN [3]


Bu çalışmanın amacı artan oranlarda arıtma çamuru dozlarının ve uygulama zamanının üç yıl süreyle kireçli bir toprakta DTPA (dietilen triamin penta asetikasit) ile ekstrakte edilebilir besin elementi ve ağır metal konsantrasyonuna etkisini belirlemektir. Bu amaçla, mera karışımının azotlu gübre ihtiyacını karşılamak için arıtma çamuru  farklı oranlarda (0, 4.1, 8.2 ve 16.4 ton ha-1) ve dönemlerde (ilkbahar ve sonbahar) uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, artan çamur uygulamaları 0-20 cm derinlikte DTPA ile ekstrakte edilebilir metal konsantrasyonunu önemli düzeyde artırmıştır. Sonbahara göre ilkbahar dönemi çamur uygulaması toprak pH'sını azaltmış ve ekstrakte edilebilir metal konsantrasyonlarını  artırmıştır. Artan arıtma çamuru dozları ile DTPA Zn konsantrasyonu tüm toprak derinliklerinde her iki yıl artmıştır. Deneme sonunda, toprakta belirlenen ağır metal içeriklerinin bitkisel üretim açısından olumsuz etki oluşturacak düzeylere ulaşmadığı belirlenmiştir.  Denemenin yürütüldüğü Van yöresi topraklarının yüksek kireç ve alkalin pH'ya sahip olması çamurdan gelen ağır metallerin çözünürlüğünün düşük olmasına ve toksik etki görülmemesine neden olmuştur. Buna rağmen, mera topraklarında uzun dönem çamur uygulamalarının etkisi takip edilmelidir.

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the increasing doses of sewage sludge and different application times on DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) extractable nutrients and heavy metal concentration in calcareous soil for three years. For this purpose, sewage sludge was applied at different rates (0, 4.1, 8.2, 16.4 t ha-1) and periods (spring and autumn) to meet the nitrogen fertilizer requirement of grass-legume mixtures. Experiment results showed that cumulative sludge applications significantly increased DTPA extractable metal concentrations for 0-20 cm.  Sludge application in spring period reduced the soil pH and increased the extractable metal concentrations compared to the autumn. Sludge application doses increased DTPA-Zn concentration for all soil depths and years. At the end of the experiment, it was determined that the heavy metal contents in the soil did not reach the levels that would have a negative effect on plant production. The fact that Van soil is rich in lime and alkaline pH of the soil, where the experiment was carried out, caused the  solubility of heavy metals from sewage sludge to be low and toxic effect not to be seen. However, long-term sludge application should be followed in soil.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3923-857X
Author: Mehmet Ali BOZKURT (Primary Author)
Institution: VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5806-5710
Author: Hakkı AKDENİZ
Institution: IĞDIR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6826-9768
Author: Bilal KESKİN
Institution: IĞDIR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : September 24, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 28, 2019
Publication Date : April 30, 2020

APA Bozkurt, M , Akdeni̇z, H , Keski̇n, B . (2020). The Effects of Sewage Sludge Application Doses and Times on Extractable Metal Concentrations in a Calcareous Pasture Soil . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (2) , 328-335 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.623765