Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 1, Pages 45 - 51 2019-02-28

Effect of Combination of Solarization and Soil Fumigation on Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) in Greenhouses
Seralarda Kök Ur Nematodlarına (Meloidogyne spp.) (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) Solarizasyon ve Toprak Fümigasyon Kombinasyonunun Etkisi

Adem ÖZARSLANDAN [1] , Refik BOZBUGA [2] , Dilek DİNÇER [3]


Root knot nematodes are economically important crop pests that is difficult to control. Soil fumigation and solarization are significant methods to control root knot nematodes. The application of soil fumigation and solarization on nematodes is not fully understood. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the effect of the combination of the solarization with reduced dose of metam-sodium to control root knot nematodes in pepper. Experiments were conducted in greenhouses in Adanalıoğlu and Kazanlı region of Mersin province in 2014-2015. Following the planting beds were prepared in the experiments, the solarization with reduced metam-sodium fumigant was applied at 750 l/ha. The plots were saturated via drip irrigation, and waited for two days before metam-sodium was applied with 100 ton/ha water. The solarization application in July 2014 combined with reduced metam-sodium treatment were effectively protected pepper against root-knot nematodes until July 2015 where gall formation ranged between 0-1.4. Solarization combination with reduced metam-sodium application resulted with gall formation below 2 while in non-treated parcels were ranged from 6.4 to 7.1. Solarization with reduced metam-sodium application resulted 98,8% to 234,5% yield increase in pepper. Results indicate that combination of solarization with reduced metam-sodium application reduced the root-knot nematodes. It is thought that when the manufacturers apply the solarization with combination of metam-sodium correctly, they will not have nematode problems and the possibility of encountering lower ineffectiveness of the chemicals.

Kök ur nematodları kontrol edilmesi zor önemli ürün zararlılarındandırlar. Toprak fümigasyon ve solarizasyon kök ur nematodlarını kontrol etmek için önemli birer yöntemlerdir. Nematod kontrolünde toprak fümigasyonunun ve solarizasyonun uygulanması tam olarak anlaşılamamıştır. Bu nedenle, bu çalışma, biberde, düşük dozda metam-sodyum fumigant ile solarizasyon uygulamasının kombinasyonunun kök ur nematodlarına etkisini belirlemek için yapılmıştır. Denemeler 2014-2015 yıllarında Mersin ili Adanalıoğlu ve Kazanlı'da mevcut seralarda yürütülmüştür. Deneme dikim sırtları hazırlanmasından sonra, metam-sodyum fümigantının azaltılmış dozu 750 l / ha'da uygulanmıştır. Parseller damla sulama ile doyurulduktan iki gün sonra metam-sodyum 100 ton/ha su ile verilmiştir. Temmuz 2014’teki solarizasyon ve metam-sodyum kombinasyon uygulamasının Temmuz 2015'e kadar biber köklerinde mevcut ur oranını 0-1.4 arasına düşürdüğü ve bu uygulamanın kök ur nematodlarını azaltmada etkili olduğu saptanmıştır. Azaltılmış metam-sodyum uygulamasıyla kombine edilen solarizasyon uygulamalarında gal indeksi 2'nin altında olurken, kontrol parsellerinde 6.4 ile 7.1 arasında bulunmuştur. Azaltılmış metam-sodyum ile solarizasyon uygulamasının % 98,8-234,5 oranında verim artışı sağladığı görülmüştür. Sonuç olarak azaltılmış metam-sodyum uygulaması ile solarizasyon kombinasyonunun kök ur nematodlarına etkili olduğu saptanmıştır. Üreticilerin metamsodium ile solarizasyon uygulamasını doğru uygulama yaptıklarında nematod sorunu yaşamayacakları ve ilaçların etkisizliği ile karşılaşma olasılığının az olabileceği düşünülmektedir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4125-1028
Author: Adem ÖZARSLANDAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Applied Technology and Management School of Silifke, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8552-672X
Author: Refik BOZBUGA
Institution: Biological Control Research Institute Kışla Street, Yüreğir/Adana, Turkey,
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1671-5647
Author: Dilek DİNÇER
Institution: Biological Control Research Institute Kışla Street, Yüreğir/Adana, Turkey,
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : February 28, 2019

APA ÖZARSLANDAN, A , BOZBUGA, R , DİNÇER, D . (2019). Effect of Combination of Solarization and Soil Fumigation on Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) in Greenhouses. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (1) , 45-51 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.424441