Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 1, Pages 122 - 130 2019-02-28

Possibilities of Use of Molasses as Carbohydrate Source in Pea Silages
Yem Bezelyesi Silajlarında Karbonhidrat Kaynağı Olarak Melas Kullanılma Olanakları

Önder CANBOLAT [1] , Kadir Cem AKBAY [2] , Adem KAMALAK [3]


This research was designed to determine the effects of molasses supplementation as a water-soluble carbohydrate source on silo fermentation, microbiology, in vitro gas production and relative feed values of pea (Pisum Sativum L.) silage. For this purpose, pea plant was harvested during the pod period. After harvesting, they were crushed to a size of 1.5-2.0 cm and molasses were added at 0 (control), 15, 30, 45 and 60 g/kg fresh material, respectively.

Molasses supplementation affected (P<0.01) the composition of nutrients of pea silage. Depending on level of molasses supplementation, crude protein, crude oil, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and acid detergent lignin contents of pea silage decreased, dry matter, crude ash and water soluble carbohydrate contents of pea silage increased (P<0.01). Molasses supplementation decreased pH, acetic acid, butyric acid and ammonia nitrogen contents of pea silage, whereas lactic acid and propionic acid contents of pea silage increased (P<0.01). Likewise, the supplementation of molasses increased (P<0.01) in vitro gas production, organic matter digestibility and metabolizable energy contents of pea silage.  In addition, molasses supplementation positively affected (P<0.01) the relative feed value and dry matter intake of pea silages.  As a result of the research, the use of molasses in water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) insufficient pea silage, improved the feed value and fermentation characteristics of pea silages.

Bu araştırma, yem bezelyesi (Pisum Sativum L.) silajına suda çözünür karbonhidrat (ŞÇK)  kaynağı olarak melas ilavesinin silo fermantasyonu, mikrobiyolojisi, in vitro gaz üretimi ve nispi yem değerleri (NYD) üzerine etkilerini saptamak için düzenlenmiştir. Bu amaçla yem bezelyesi bakla doldurma döneminde hasat edilmiştir. Hasat sonrası yaklaşık 1.5-2.0 cm boyutunda parçalanan taze materyale 0 (kontrol), 15, 30, 45 ve 60 g/kg taze materyal (TM) düzeyinde melas katılmıştır.

Melas ilavesi yem bezelyesi silajlarının ham besin maddeleri bileşimini önemli derecede etkilemiştir (P<0.01). Melas dozuna bağlı olarak silajların ham protein (HP), ham yağ (HY), nötr deterjan lif (NDF), asit deterjan lif (ADF) ve asit deterjan lignin (ADL) içeriği azalmış, kuru madde (KM), ham kül (HK) ve suda çözünebilir karbonhidrat (SÇK) içeriği artmıştır (P<0.01). Melas ilavesi yem bezelyesi silajlarının pH’sını, asetik asit, bütirik asit ve amonyak azotu (NH3-N) içeriklerini düşürürken, laktik asit ve propiyonik asit içeriklerini artırmıştır (P<0.01). Aynı şekilde melas ilavesi  yem bezelyesi silajlarının  in vitro gaz üretimi, organik madde sindirim derecesini (OMSD) ve metabolik enerji (ME) içeriklerini de artırmıştır (P<0.01). Melas ilavesi ayrıca yem bezelyesi silajlarının nispi yem değeri (NYD) ve kuru madde tüketimi (KMT)’ni olumlu yönde etkilemiştir (P<0.01).

Araştırma sonucunda, melasın SÇK düzeyi düşük olan yem bezelyesi silajlarında kullanılması, silajların yem değerini ve fermantasyon özelliklerini iyileştirmiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7139-1334
Author: Önder CANBOLAT (Primary Author)
Institution: BURSA ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3903-8690
Author: Kadir Cem AKBAY
Institution: BURSA ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0967-4821
Author: Adem KAMALAK
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : February 28, 2019

APA CANBOLAT, Ö , AKBAY, K , KAMALAK, A . (2019). Yem Bezelyesi Silajlarında Karbonhidrat Kaynağı Olarak Melas Kullanılma Olanakları. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (1) , 122-130 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.455713