Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 5, Pages 733 - 743 2019-10-31

An Overview of Hazelnut Markets and Policy in Turkey
Türkiye Fındık Piyasası ve Politikasının Genel Bir Değerlendirmesi

Mehmet BOZOĞLU [1] , Uğur BAŞER [2] , Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ [3] , Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU [4]


Turkey is the biggest actor in the world hazelnut market with its production potential and policies. The aim of this paper was to assess the recent developments in the Turkish hazelnut market and policy. The time series data of hazelnut markets was taken from the internet databases of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI), Black Sea Hazelnut Exporter Union (BSHEU), Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MoAF), Giresun Commodity Exchange (GCE) and Official Journal and Turkish Republic (OJoTR). Under the New Hazelnut Strategy, an area based payment has been provided to the hazelnut farmers in the authorized areas and a compensatory payment had been provided to the farmers in the unauthorized areas. Since 2001, while hazelnut areas and the export of Turkey had increased, hazelnut yield and production had decreased. Despite increases in hazelnut prices, Turkey could increase hazelnut export both in terms of quantity and value. While there is no need to limit hazelnut areas in high crop years, the government should establish a hazelnut buffer stock mechanism. The Turkish government should also create fair competition conditions for the actors in the hazelnut market with a more effective hazelnut policy.

Türkiye üretim potansiyeli ve uyguladığı politikaların etkisiyle dünya fındık piyasasındaki en büyük aktördür. Çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’nin fındık politikası ve piyasasındaki son gelişmeleri değerlendirmektir. Fındık piyasasına ait zaman serisi Tarım ve Gıda Örgütü, Türkiye İstatistik Enstitüsü, Karadeniz Fındık ve Mamulleri İhracatçıları Birliği, Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı, Giresun Ticaret Borsası ve TC Resmi Gazetenin internet veri tabanlarından temin edilmiştir. Yeni Fındık Stratejisi kapsamında yasal olarak izin verilen bölgelerdeki üreticilere alan bazlı destek sağlanırken, üretime yasal olarak izin verilmeyen alanlardaki üreticilere telafi edici ödeme yapılmıştır. Türkiye’nin 2001'den bu yana fındık alanları ile ihracatı artarken, fındık verimi ve üretiminde azalma meydana gelmiştir. Fındık fiyatlarındaki artışlara rağmen, Türkiye fındık ihracatını hem miktar hem de değer olarak artırabilir. Fındık üretiminin yüksek gerçekleşeceği yıllarda bile fındık alanlarının sınırlandırılmasına gerek olmamakla birlikte, fındık tampon stoku mekanizmasının kurulmasına ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Türkiye Hükümeti, fındık piyasalarındaki aktörler için daha etkili bir fındık politikası ile adil rekabet koşullarının oluşturmalıdır. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8333-1865
Author: Mehmet BOZOĞLU (Primary Author)
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4961-2764
Author: Uğur BAŞER
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3607-4306
Author: Bakiye KILIÇ TOPUZ
Institution: IGDIR UNIVERSITY, IĞDIR FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1188-8274
Author: Nevra ALHAS EROĞLU
Institution: Turkish Statistics Institute
Country: Turkey


Thanks I am grateful to Mr. Birol Kurt from the International Relations Office of Ondokuz Mayis University for his English editorial contribution.
Dates

Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA BOZOĞLU, M , BAŞER, U , KILIÇ TOPUZ, B , ALHAS EROĞLU, N . (2019). An Overview of Hazelnut Markets and Policy in Turkey. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (5) , 733-743 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v22i45606.532645