Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 6, Pages 916 - 921 2019-12-31

Beauveria bassiana’nın Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) F1 Larva Sayısına ve Larva Ölüm Oranına Etkisi
Effects of Beauveria bassiana on Quantity of F1 Larvae and Larval Mortality of Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Mehmet Kubilay ER [1] , Ebru ÇETİNPOLAT [2] , Cebrail BARIŞ [3] , Ali Arda IŞIKBER [4] , Hasan TUNAZ [5]


Bu çalışmada, Beauveria bassiana enfeksiyonu neticesinde larva ölümleri ve B. bassiana sporlarının bulunması durumunda yeni nesil larva sayıları belirlenmiştir. Larvalar spor ile muamele edilmiş buğdayda bekletilmiş ve ölümler kaydedilmiştir. Uzun süreli denemede, larva sayısı ile ölüm oranları 3 ay sonra tespit edilmiştir. Yedi günde larva ölümü 250ppm’de %55 ve daha yüksek konsantrasyonlarda %75’in üstünde bulunmuştur. Uygulamalardaki ölüm 14 günde %100’e ulaşmıştır. Erginlerin 14 ve 28 gün sporlu buğdayda bekletilmesi sonucunda 6.3 ve 12 larva belirlenirken kontrolde bu sayı sırası ile 1 ve 6.3 olmuştur. Uzun süreli denemede, kontroldeki, 500ppm ve 1000ppm uygulamalarındaki larva sayıları sırası ile 10.3, 42.0 ve 260.3 olarak tespit edilmiştir. 500ppm’de 97.4% ve 1000ppm’de %100 larva ölümü kayıt edilmiştir. Sonuçlar, spor konsantrasyonu artışı ile birlikte B. bassiana uygulamasının T. confusum larva sayısında artışa neden olduğunu; ve ancak konsantrasyon ve süreye bağlı olmakla birlikte B. bassiana uygulamasının yüksek larva ölümlerini sağladığını göstermiş olup, B. bassiana uygulamasının T. confusum popülasyonları ile mücadelede rol alabileceğini işaret etmektedir.

In this study, larval mortality of Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) due to Beauveria bassiana infections and the number of larvae produced in the presence of B. bassiana spores were investigated. Larvae were kept in wheat treated with spores and mortalities were assessed. In a long-term experiment, number of larvae and mortality was recorded after 3 months. Within 7 days, larval mortality was 55% at 250ppm and over 75% at higher concentrations. The mortality reached 100% on day 14 in all fungus treatments. After the adults were kept for 14 and 28 days, 6.3 and 12.0 larvae in treatments and 1 and 6.3 larvae in control units were counted, respectively. In the long-term experiment, number of larvae was 10.3, 42.0 and 260.3 in the control, 500ppm and 1000ppm treatments, respectively. Larval mortalities were %97.4 in 500ppm and 100% in 1000ppm treatments.  The results show that although B. bassiana treatment increases the number of T. confusum larvae as the concentration increases, B. bassiana treatment also cause high levels of larval mortalities depending on concentration and time, suggesting that, B. basssiana treatment can have a role in controlling T. confusum populations.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1568-8656
Author: Mehmet Kubilay ER (Primary Author)
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5063-1538
Author: Ebru ÇETİNPOLAT
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE, PLANT PROTECTION (MASTER) (WITH THESIS)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5895-0151
Author: Cebrail BARIŞ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1213-3532
Author: Ali Arda IŞIKBER
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4942-6056
Author: Hasan TUNAZ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Scientific Research Projects Unit of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Project Number Project No: 2016/5-42 YLS
Thanks This study was a part of a project granted by Scientific Research Projects Unit of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University (Project No: 2016/5-42 YLS).
Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA ER, M , ÇETİNPOLAT, E , BARIŞ, C , IŞIKBER, A , TUNAZ, H . (2019). Effects of Beauveria bassiana on Quantity of F1 Larvae and Larval Mortality of Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (6) , 916-921 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.541840