Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 337 - 341 2019-12-31

Dry Matter Partitioning and Salt Tolerance via Salicylic Acid Treatment in Strawberry Plant Under Salt Stress
Tuz Stresi Altındaki Çilek Bitkilerinde Salisilik Asit Uygulamasıyla Kuru Madde Dağılımı ve Tuz Toleransı

Servet ARAS [1] , Ahmet EŞİTKEN [2]


The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) on strawberry plants under NaCl stress.  The strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) cv Kabarla was used in the experiment. Until the beginning of the experiment, all plants were irrigated with tap water and 1-month after planting, all plants were applied with three different SA doses (1, 2 and 4 mM) and were watered with 35 mM NaCl solution. Control and salt plants were not applied with SA, salt plants were watered with NaCl solution and compared to controls. Three months after the salinity (in March), salt stress decreased root volume by 37% compared to control.  Overall, 4 mM SA and control had the highest values of root tissue density (0.113 and 0.117 g cm-3, respectively). Moreover, 4 mM SA treatment increased stomatal conductance by 87% compared to salt plants. The dry matter was less partitioned to roots in salt stressed strawberry plant. Dry matter partitioning between shoots and roots was differently affected by supply of SA under salinity condition.

Çalışmanın amacı, dışarından uygulanan salisilik asidin (SA) tuz stresi koşulu altında yetiştirilen çilek bitkilerindeki etkileri incelemektir. Kabarla çilek (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) çeşidi çalışma için seçilmiştir. Deneme başlayana kadar tüm bitkiler musluk suyu ile sulanmıştır ve dikimden 1 ay sonra bitkilere 3 farklı dozda SA (1, 2 ve 4 mM) uygulanmış ve 35 mM NaCl çözeltisi verilmiştir. Kontrol ve tuz bitkilerine SA uygulanmamış olup tuz uygulanan bitkiler kontrol bitkileriyle kıyas edilmiştir. Üç aylık tuz stresi sonucunda (Mart ayında), tuz stresi kök hacmini kontrol bitkilerine kıyasla %37 azaltmıştır. 4 mM SA ve kontrol grubu en yüksek kök yoğunluğuna (sırasıyla 0.113 ve 0.117 g cm-3) sahip olmuştur. Ayrıca, 4 mM SA uygulaması stoma iletkenliğini tuz bitkisine kıyasla %87 artırmıştır. Tuz uygulaması sonucunda kuru madde köke daha az gönderilmiştir. Kök ve sürgünler arasında kuru madde dağılımı SA uygulaması ile farklı derecede etkilenmiştir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0347-6552
Author: Servet ARAS (Primary Author)
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6140-7782
Author: Ahmet EŞİTKEN
Institution: SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Dates

Application Date : March 28, 2019
Acceptance Date : July 19, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA ARAS, S , EŞİTKEN, A . (2019). Dry Matter Partitioning and Salt Tolerance via Salicylic Acid Treatment in Strawberry Plant Under Salt Stress. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 () , 337-341 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.545825