Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 1, Pages 230 - 236 2020-02-28

Damla Sulamada Farklı Damlatıcı Özelliklerinin Entomopatojen Nematod Uygulamasına Etkisi
The Effect of Different Dripper Properties on Entomopathogenic Nematode Application in Drip Irrigation

Hilal ERDOĞAN [1] , Tufan Can ULU [2] , Hayrettin KUŞCU [3]


Damla sulamada kullanılan damlatıcıların akış yolu uzunluğu, akış yolu şekli, damlatıcı debisi vb. farklı özellikleri bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada damla sulamada yaygın olarak kullanılan dört farklı damlatıcının (içten geçik kısa akış yollu damlatıcı, içten geçik uzun akış yollu damlatıcı, içten geçik silindir tipli damlatıcı, üstten geçik katif damlatıcı) EPN uygulamasındaki performansları laboratuvarda kurulan damla sulama sistemiyle karşılaştırılmıştır. Dört farklı basınç altında (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 bar) EPN’ler 1 litrelik beherlere uygulanmış ve beherlerdeki EPN’ler süzülerek mikroskop altında sayılmıştır. Çalışmada basıncın ve uygulamaya ve EPN üzerinde ölümcül etkisi de incelenmiştir. Sonuçlar değerlendirildiğinde farklı damlatıcılardan çıkan EPN miktarları arasında önemli farklılıklar olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Denemelerde üstten geçik katif damlatıcı ile yapılan uygulamalarda en fazla ve en hızlı EPN çıkışı olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Basıncın tek başına, uygulamaya ve EPN üzerine herhangi bir etkisinin olmadığı tespit edilmesine rağmen uzun süreli yüksek basınca maruz kalan EPN’lerin zarar görebileceği göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır. Çalışma sonuçları incelendiğinde farklı damlatıcıların EPN uygulamasında farklı çıkış oranları gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. Bu nedenle gelecekte damla sulama sistemlerinin EPN uygulaması üzerine optimize edilmesi ile başarı şansının artacağı düşünülmektedir.

There are many types of drippers with different flow path length, flow path shape, filtration surface. EPN delivery performance of the most commonly used four different types of drippers (in-line short path, in-line long path, in-line cylindrical and on-line button) was examined with a drip irrigation system in laboratory conditions. Under four different pressures (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 bar), EPNs were applied to 1-liter beakers with irrigation system and discharged nematodes were counted under a stereomicroscope. The effect of pressure on application and EPN mortality were also determined. The results showed that there were significant differences between the discharge ratio of EPNs from drippers. Among the four drippers, on-line button dripper sustained the highest and fastest discharge ratio. Pressure alone had no significant effect on delivering EPNs. However, it should be considered that long pressure exposure may harm EPNs. Regarding our results, different irrigation drippers have significantly different effects on EPN discharge ratio. Therefore, optimizing drip irrigation systems for EPN applications may increase their performance.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0387-2600
Author: Hilal ERDOĞAN
Institution: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3640-1474
Author: Tufan Can ULU (Primary Author)
Institution: BILECIK SEYH EDEBALI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9600-7685
Author: Hayrettin KUŞCU
Institution: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 11, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 30, 2019
Publication Date : February 28, 2020

APA ERDOĞAN, H , ULU, T , KUŞCU, H . (2020). The Effect of Different Dripper Properties on Entomopathogenic Nematode Application in Drip Irrigation. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (1) , 230-236 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.533723