Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 1, Pages 259 - 270 2020-02-28

Allium tuncelianum' un Fitokimyasal Profilinin Belirlenmesi ve Çeşitli İnsan Hücre Hatlarında Antiproliferatif Etkilerinin Değerlendirilmesi
Phytochemical Profiles and Antiproliferative Effect of Allium tuncelianum

Kasım TAKIM [1] , Türkan KUTLU [2]


Bu çalışmada, Anadoluda yetişen endemik sarımsak türlerinden biri olan Tunceli Dağ Sarımsağı (Allium tuncelianum) incelenmiştir. Fitokimyasal içeriği belirlemek için LC-MS / MS, HPLC, GC-MS, GC-FID ve ICP-OES teknikleri kullanılmıştır. Allium tuncelianum'un başlıca fenolik bileşenleri; malik asit (3322,6 µg / g), kainik asit (626.8 µg / g), sinamik asit (69.15 µg / g), fumarik asit (13.02 µg / g) ve kateşin (3933.3 µg / g) olduğu belirlendi. Uçucu yağın ana bileşenleri, dialil disülfit (% 28.30), dialil trisülfit (% 30.90) ve allil metil trisülfit (% 9.44) idi. Yağ asidi bileşimi; oleik asit (% 27.19), linoleik asit (% 19.46) ve elaidik asit (% 3) iken, mineral içeriğindeki major elementler; potasyum (4207 ± 67 mg / kg), kalsiyum (518 ± 35 mg / kg) ve magnezyum (376 ± 20) mg / kg) olarak belirlenmiştir. Prostat, kolon, servikal ve meme kanseri hücre dizilerinde sitotoksik etki de incelenmiştir. Kolon, Meme, Servikal ve Prostat kanseri hücre hatlarında sitotoksik etki tespit edildi. Bu sonuçlar göstermektedir ki; Allium tuncelianum, zengin fitokimyasal içeriği ve antikanser aktivitesi ile yeni bir fitoterapi ajanı olabilir.

In this study, Allium tuncelianum, one of the endemic garlic species growing in Anatolia, was investigated for its phytochemical content. LC-MS/MS, HPLC, GC-MS, GC-FID and ICP-OES techniques were used for this purpose. Major phenolic components of Allium tuncelianum were found to be malic acid (3322.6 µg/g), kainic acid (626.8 µg/g), cinnamic acid (69.15 µg/g), fumaric acid (13.02 µg/g) and catechin (3933.3 µg/g). The main components of volatile oil, on the other hand, were detected as diallyl disulfide (28.30%), diallyl trisulfide (30.90%) and allyl methyl trisulfide (9.44%). The fatty acid composition of the plant was revealed as oleic acid (27.19%), linoleic acid (19.46%) and elaidic acid (3%) whereas high content of potassium (4207± 67 mg/kg), calcium (518± 35 mg/kg) and magnesium (376 ± 20 mg/kg) was determined as the minerals. Moreover, cytotoxic effects of ethanol/water and hexane/chloroform extracts of the plant were evaluated in prostate, colon, cervical and breast cancer cell lines and cytotoxicity of both extracts were detected for all the cell lines studied. Therefore, we conclude that Allium tuncelianum may be a new phytotherapy agent with its rich phytochemical content and anticancer activity.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4631-1982
Author: Kasım TAKIM (Primary Author)
Institution: HARRAN UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4631-1982
Author: Türkan KUTLU
Institution: INONU UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Harran University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit.
Project Number 16187
Thanks Thanks to Harran University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit.
Dates

Application Date : July 4, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 11, 2019
Publication Date : February 28, 2020

APA TAKIM, K , KUTLU, T . (2020). Phytochemical Profiles and Antiproliferative Effect of Allium tuncelianum. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (1) , 259-270 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.586805