Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 1, Pages 49 - 58 2020-02-28

Anne-Sürgün Yönteminin Kuşkonmaz Verimi ve Kalitesi Üzerine Etkileri
The Effects of Mother-Stalk Culture on Asparagus Yield and Quality

Ahmet KORKMAZ [1] , Asima KLİCİC [2] , Şebnem KÖKLÜ [3]


Bu çalışmada, ‘UC 157’ F1 çeşidine ait 5 yaşındaki kuşkonmaz (Asparagus officinalis L.)  bitkileri materyal olarak kullanılmış ve 2017 ve 2018 yıllarında hasat periyodunun farklı zamanlarında bırakılan anne sürgünlerin sürgün sayısı ve kalitesi üzerine etkileri belirlenmiştir. Kuşkonmaz bitkilerinin bir kısmı anne sürgün bırakılmaksızın 4 veya 6 hafta süreyle hasat edilmiştir. Ayrıca, bitkilerin bir kısmı da 3 farklı zamanda (hasadın başında, hasat başladıktan 2 hafta sonra ve hasat başladıktan 4 hafta sonra) anne sürgün bırakılarak toplamda 6 hafta süreyle hasat edilmiştir. Sonuçlar incelendiğinde hasadın başlamasından 4 hafta sonra anne sürgün bırakılan bitkilerden hiç anne sürgün bırakmadan 6 hafta boyunca hasat edilen bitkilere kıyasla %9-13 oranında daha fazla pazarlanabilir sürgün elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca her iki yılda da elde edilen pazarlanabilir sürgünlerin kalite sınıflandırılması dikkate alındığında, yine aynı uygulamadan daha az oranda ince (8-12 mm çap) sürgün elde edildiği; buna karşılık piyasada en çok talep edilen sürgün kalınlığı olan 12-16 mm ile 16-20 mm arasındaki sürgünlerin oranının ise yükseldiği görülmüştür. Bu sonuçlara göre, 4 hafta süren hasadı takiben anne sürgün bırakma yönteminin Kahramanmaraş koşullarında yapılacak olan kuşkonmaz yetiştiriciliğinde hem pazarlanabilir sürgün sayısını hem de sürgün kalitesini arttırmada etkili olduğu söylenebilir.
In this study, 5 year old plants of UC157 F1 asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.)  cultivar were used as material and the effects of the mother stalks that were established at different times of the harvest period on the number and quality of shoots were determined in 2017 and 2018. Some asparagus plants were harvested for 4 or 6 weeks without establishing any mother stalks. In addition, mother stalks were extablished at 3 different times (at the beginning of the harvest, 2 and 4 weeks after the start of the harvest) in some plants harvested for six weeks. When the results were examined, the plants with mother stalks established 4 weeks after the beginning of the harvest produced 9 to 13% more marketable spears compared to the those harvested 6 weeks with no mother stalks. In addition, considering the quality of the marketable spears harvested in both years, it was found that the plants having mother stalks established 4 weeks after the beginning of the harvest produced fewer thinner spears (8-12 mm diameter) but much more spears with 12-16 mm and 16-20 mm in diamater which is the most desirable spear thickness in the market. These results indicated that establishing the mother stalks 4 weeks after the start of harvest could be effective in increasing the number of marketable spears and spear quality in asparagus cultivation under Kahramanmaraş conditions.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3886-5953
Author: Ahmet KORKMAZ (Primary Author)
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8706-4944
Author: Asima KLİCİC
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina


Orcid: 0000-0002-5769-2963
Author: Şebnem KÖKLÜ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Project Number 2018/1-9 YLS
Thanks Bu çalışma Asima Klicic’in yüksek lisans tezinden üretilmiştir ve Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından desteklenmiştir (Proje No: 2018/1-9 YLS).
Dates

Application Date : July 17, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 25, 2019
Publication Date : February 28, 2020

APA KORKMAZ, A , KLİCİC, A , KÖKLÜ, Ş . (2020). Anne-Sürgün Yönteminin Kuşkonmaz Verimi ve Kalitesi Üzerine Etkileri. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (1) , 49-58 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.592875