Year 2018, Volume 21 , Issue 2, Pages 264 - 276 2018-04-30

Bitkilerde Melatonin ve Üstlendiği Görevler
Phytomelatonin and Its Roles in Plants

Gökçen YAKUPOĞLU [1] , Şebnem KÖKLÜ [2] , Ahmet KORKMAZ [3]


Önceleri sadece hayvansal bir hormon olarak bilinen melatoninin bitkilerde de var olduğunun keşfinden sonra bu molekül üzerinde sayısız araştırma yapılmıştır.  Yapılan araştırmalar, melatoninin bugüne kadar üzerinde analiz yapılan hemen tüm bitki türlerinde var olduğunu ve hayvanlardakine benzer görevler üstlendiğini ortaya koymuştur. Melatoninin bitkilerde üstlendiği en belirgin rolleri arasında sirkadiyen ritmi, büyümeyi ve gelişmeyi düzenlemek ve çok çeşitli çevresel stres faktörlerine karşı toleransı arttırmak sayılabilir.  Araştırma sonuçları stres faktörlerine maruz kalan bitkilerde içsel melatonin seviyesinin yükseldiği ve yeterli melatonin üretmeyen bitkilerde dışarıdan yapılan melatonin uygulamaları yoluyla strese karşı toleransın iyileştirilebileceğini ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca son yıllarda genetik mühendisliği yöntemleri kullanılarak çok yüksek seviyelerde melatonin üreten ürün hatları geliştirilmiştir. Bu derlemede bitkilerde melatoninin keşfi, dağılımı ve stres altındaki bitkilerde üstlendiği görevler hakkında detaylı bilgi verilecektir.

Since its discovery in plants, extensive research has been conducted on melatonin which was formerly known to be a hormone existed exclusively in animals. Studies have shown that melatonin was indeed present in every plant species tested and that it had similar roles as in animals. Main roles of phytomelatonin are to regulate circadian rhythm as well as growth and development and to enhance tolerance to various environmental stress factors. Evidence indicates that plants living under stressful environments have higher melatonin contents compared to those live under normal conditions and that exogenous application of melatonin can also improve stress tolerance of plants that do not produce enough melatonin endogenously. Additionally, new lines in some crop species that possess excessive melatonin production traits have recently been developed through genetic engineering. This review mainly focuses on the discovery of melatonin in plants, its distribution among plant species and on the regulatory effects of melatonin when plants confront with harsh environmental conditions.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section REVIEW ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Gökçen YAKUPOĞLU

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Şebnem KÖKLÜ

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Ahmet KORKMAZ

Dates

Application Date : June 9, 2017
Acceptance Date : August 19, 2017
Publication Date : April 30, 2018

APA Yakupoğlu, G , Köklü, Ş , Korkmaz, A . (2018). Bitkilerde Melatonin ve Üstlendiği Görevler . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 21 (2) , 264-276 . DOI: 10.18016/ksudobil.320180