Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 2, Pages 217 - 223 2019-04-30

Bağ Alanlarında Çiftleşmeyi Bozma Tekniğinin Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Coccinella septempunctata (L., 1758) (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae) Predatörleri Üzerine Etkileri
Effects of Mating Disruption Method on Predators Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (Neuroptera:Chrysopidae) and Coccinella septempunctata (L., 1758) (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae) in Vineyards

Mahmut Murat ASLAN [1] , Alper KOZANOĞLU [2] , A. Abdulkadir UZUN [3] , H. Basri DURMAZ [4]


) olmuştur. ÇE bağındaki salkımlarda bulaşma oranı ekonomik zarar eşiği olan % 5’i aştığında popülasyonu düşürmek amacıyla 2013 yılında 1. ve 3. döllerine karşı 2, 2014 yılında ise 1., 2., ve 3. döllerine karşı olmak üzere 3 defa, bakteriyel bir preparat olan Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki kullanılmıştır. 2013 yılında KA bağında ise sık aralıklarla L. botrana’ya karşı hasada kadar 7 insektisit, 2014 yılında ise hasada kadar bilinçsizce 8 kez insektisit uygulanmıştır. ÇE bağında 2013 yılında bağ küllemesi, bağ kurşuni küf ve bağ mildiyösü hastalıklarına karşı 5, KA bağında ise 8 kez fungusit uygulaması, 2014 yılında ise aynı hastalıklara karşı ÇE bağında 4 fungusit, kontrol bağ alanında ise 7 fungusit uygulaması yapılmıştır. Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) ve Coccinella septempunctata (L., 1758) (Neuroptera: ChrysopidaeBu çalışma da bağlarda önemli bir zararlı olan Lobesia botrana Den. et Schiff. (Salkım Güvesi)’ya karşı biyoteknik bir mücadele olan çiftlesmeyi engelleme metodu uygulanmıştır. Çiftleşmeyi engelleme (ÇE) metodu uygulanan alan ile kontrol alanı (KA) predatörler bakımından karşılaştırılmıştır. 2013 ve 2014 yıllarında ÇE ve KA bağlarında 07.04.2013 ve 31.03.2014 tarihlerinde bağ yapraklarının oluşması ile birlikte örneklemeler başlamıştır. Örneklemeler sonucu en fazla bulunan Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (

The mating disruption method (MD), which is biotechnical against Lobesia botrana Den. et Schiff., a significant pest of vineyards, has been applied in vineyards; and the area exposed to this application and the control trial area (CA) were compared in terms of predators. Sampling was started on 07.04.2013 and 31.03.2014 in 2013 and 2014 at the mating disruption applied area and the control trial area upon formation of the vine leaves. The result of the sampling indicated that the most frequently seen predators were Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (Neuroptera:Chrysopidae) and Coccinella septempunctata (L., 1758) (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae). When the infestation rate on the bunches in the vineyard, where mating disruption was applied, exceeded 5%, that is the economic loss threshold, Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki was applied twice against the 1st and 3rd generations in 2013; and for 3 times against the 1st, 2nd and 3rd generations in order to decrease the intensity of the population. Insecticide was applied against L. botrana on the control trial area very frequently and unconsciously; namely for 7 times until harvest in 2013, and for 8 times until harvest in 2014. In the vineyard, where mating disruption was applied, fungicides were applied for 5 times in 2013 against diseases such as Uncinula necator, Botrytis cinerea and Plasmopara viticola, however fungicides were applied in the control trial area for 8 times in the same year; in 2014 fungicides were applied against the above-mentioned diseases on the mating disruption applied area for 4 times, however fungicides were applied for 7 times on the control trial area in the same year.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4586-1301
Author: Mahmut Murat ASLAN (Primary Author)
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6145-2041
Author: Alper KOZANOĞLU
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7136-5785
Author: A. Abdulkadir UZUN
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9010-7535
Author: H. Basri DURMAZ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : December 3, 2018
Acceptance Date : January 7, 2019
Publication Date : April 30, 2019

APA Aslan, M , Kozanoğlu, A , Uzun, A , Durmaz, H . (2019). Effects of Mating Disruption Method on Predators Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (Neuroptera:Chrysopidae) and Coccinella septempunctata (L., 1758) (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae) in Vineyards . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (2) , 217-223 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.491484