Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 342 - 346 2019-12-31

Fotoselektif Netlerin Çilek Bitkilerine Fizyolojik Etkileri
Physiological Effects of Photoselective Nets in Strawberry Plant

Servet ARAS [1] , Ahmet EŞİTKEN [2]


Güneş ışığından faydalanma fotoselektif fileler aracılığıyla bitki fizyolojisini istenilen doğrultuda değiştirmek amacıyla kullanılabilir. Çalışmamızda farklı renkteki fileleri çilek bitkisinin fizyolojik tepkilerini belirleme amacıyla denenmiştir. Çalışma 2016 yılında Selçuk Üniversitesinde kurulmuştur. Kabarla çilek çeşidi çalışma için seçilmiş ve Mayıs ayında 7 litrelik saksılara dikilmiştir. Denemeye başlamadan önce bütün bitkiler dışarıda yetiştirilmiş ve düzenli sulanmıştır. Gölge uygulaması için, güneş ışığı %40’ lık gölgelemeye sahip kırmızı, yeşil ve siyah filelerle azaltılmış ve Temmuz-Eylül ayları arasında (2 ay) gölgelenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda bazı fizyolojik ve mikroklima özellikleri değerlendirilmiştir. Yeşil file en yüksek SPAD değerine (39.79) sahipken kırmızı file en düşük değere (34.99) sahip olmuştur. Fotoselektif netler bitkilerin antosiyanin içeriğini kontrole kıyasla artırmıştır. Stoma iletkenliği kırmızı filede tam güneş ışığına kıyasla %38 azalmıştır. En düşük toprak sıcaklığı yeşil filede belirlenmiştir. Renkli fileler hava sıcaklığını kontrol grubuna göre artırmıştır. Sonuç olarak, fotoselektif filelerin radyasyona karşı faydalı etkisi kuraklık, aşırı ışık radyasyonu, tuzluluk gibi çevresel streslerin zararlı etkilerini azaltmada kullanılabilir.

The sunlight manipulation can be utilized to promote the desired plant physiology by using photoselective nets. In our study, we tested different colored nets to determine the physiological responses of the strawberry plant. The study was conducted in 2016 at Selcuk University in Turkey. A strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) cv Kabarla was used in the study planted in 7 L pots. Before the shading treatment, all plants were grown outdoors. For the shading experiment, sunlight was declined by red, green and black nets allowing 40% shade with covering from July until September of 2016 (during 2 months). At the end of the experiment, some physiological and microclimate properties were evaluated. The green net showed the highest SPAD value (39.79), while the lowest value was obtained in red net (34.99). The photoselective nets increased anthocyanin compared to control. Stomatal conductance in the red colored net decreased by approximately 38%  when compared to full sunlight. The lowest soil temperature was observed under green colored net. Colored nets increased air temperature compared to control. As a result, the mitigative effect of the photoselective nets against radiation could be used to decrease the malignant effects of environmental stresses such as drought, excessive solar radiation, salinity.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0347-6552
Author: Servet ARAS (Primary Author)
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6140-7782
Author: Ahmet EŞİTKEN
Institution: SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Dates

Application Date : April 11, 2019
Acceptance Date : July 24, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA Aras, S , Eşi̇tken, A . (2019). Physiological Effects of Photoselective Nets in Strawberry Plant . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Cilt 22 (Ek Sayı 2) , 342-346 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.552218