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The Anatomical Characteristics of Endemic Aethionema dumanii Vural & Adıgüzel (Brassicaceae)

Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 2, 435 - 440, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v23i51816.643079

Abstract

The present study deals with the anatomical properties of Aethionema dumanii, which is an endemic species growing in Salt Lake (Konya). The stem cross-sections have a single-layered epidermis, parenchymatous cortex, vascular bundles, and pith cells. An equifacial mesophyll type was observed in the leaves with multiple-layered palisade tissue, but the spongy parenchyma was reduced. Vascular bundles were smaller. The cross-sections of fruit had single exocarp, 3- or 4-layered mesocarp, and single-layered endocarp. Transverse sections of the seed showed an epidermis, palisade tissue, endosperm, and embryo. The anatomical characteristics of A. dumanii has been found to have valuable taxonomic importance.

References

  • Al-Shehbaz IA 2012. A generic and tribal synopsis of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Taxon, 61: 931-954.
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, Mutlu B, Dönmez AA 2007. The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, updated. Turkish Journal of Botany, 31: 327-336.
  • Atçeken MM, Dural H, Çıtak BY 2016. The morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on some taxa of genus Aethionema AT Waiton (Brassicaceae). Biodicon, 9: 55-68.
  • Çeter T, Geven F, Şahin AA, Çeter S 2018. Examination Of Pollen Morphology Of Some Aethionema (Brassicaceae), From Turkey. Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ank. Series C, 27: 11-24.
  • Ertuğrul K 2012. Aethionema Aiton. (Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler), Nezahet Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul) 246-248.
  • Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi: (Damarlı bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul.
  • Graeber K, Nakabayashi K, Miatton E, Leubner-Metzger G, Soppe WJJ 2012. Molecular mechanisms of seed dormancy. Plant Cell Environ, 35: 1769-1786.
  • Hedge IC 1976. A systematic and geographical survey of the Old World Cruciferae. In: MacLeod AJ, Jones BMG, editors. The Biology and Chemistry of the Cruciferae. London, New York & San Francisco: Academic Press, pp. 1-45.
  • Johansen DA 1940. Plant microtechique, London: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Karaismailoğlu C 2017. Palynological features of eleven Aethionema taxa from Turkey and their systematic implications. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 25: 123-133.
  • Lenser T, Graeber K, Çevik ÖS, Adıgüzel N, Dönmez AA, Grosche C, Kettermann M, Mayland-Quellhorst S, Mérai Z, Mohammadin S, Nguyen T, Rümpler F, Schulze C, Sperber K, Steinbrecher T, Wiegand N, Strnad M, Scheid OM, Rensing SA, Schranz ME, Theißen G, Mummenhoff K, Leubner-Metzger G. 2016. Developmental control and plasticity of fruit and seed dimorphism in Aethionema arabicum. Plant Physiology, 172: 1697-1707.
  • Mummenhoff K, Polster A, Mühlhausen A, Theißen G. 2008. Lepidium as a model system for studying the evolution of fruit development in Brassicaceae. J Exp Bot., 60: 1503-1513.
  • Mühlhausen A, Polster A, Theissen G, Mummenhoff K. 2010. Evolution of fruit dehiscence in Brassicaceae: examples from Aethionema and Lepidium. VI International Symposium on Brassicas and Xviii Crucifer Genetics Workshop. 867: 207-219.
  • Müller K, Tintelnot S, Leubner-Metzger G. 2006. Endosperm-limited Brassicaceae seed germination: abscisic acid inhibits embryo-induced endosperm weakening of Lepidium sativum (cress) and endosperm rupture of cress and Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol., 47: 864-877.
  • Pınar NM, Bayrak N, Geven F. 2007. Seed coat macro-sculpturing in some Turkish Aethionema R. Br. (Brassicaceae). Pak. J. Bot., 39: 1025-1036.
  • Sunar S, Yıldırım N, Şengül M, Agar G. 2016. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by ISSR and RAPD analysis among Aethionema species growing in Eastern Anatolia (Turkey). C.R. Biol., 339: 147-151.

Endemik Aethionema dumanii Vural & Adıgüzel’in (Brassicaceae) Anatomik Özellikleri

Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 2, 435 - 440, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v23i51816.643079

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Tuz Gölü’nde yayılış gösteren endemik tür Aethionema dumanii’nin anatomik özelliklerini ele almaktadır. Gövde enine kesitleri, tek tabakalı epidermis, parankimatik korteks, iletim demetleri ve öz hücrelerine sahiptir. Yapraklarda, çok tabakalı palizat parankimasına karşın sünger parankiması indirgenmiş ekvifasiyal tip mezofil gözlemlenmiştir. İletim demetleri küçüktür. Meyve enine kesitleri tek bir ekzokarp, 3 ya da 4 tabakalı mezokarp ve tek tabakalı endokarpa sahiptir. Tohum enine kesitleri bir epidermis, palizat dokusu, endosperm ve embriyodan oluşmaktadır. A. dumanii’nin anatomik karakterlerinin taksonomik önemi olduğu belirlenmiştir.

References

  • Al-Shehbaz IA 2012. A generic and tribal synopsis of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Taxon, 61: 931-954.
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, Mutlu B, Dönmez AA 2007. The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, updated. Turkish Journal of Botany, 31: 327-336.
  • Atçeken MM, Dural H, Çıtak BY 2016. The morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on some taxa of genus Aethionema AT Waiton (Brassicaceae). Biodicon, 9: 55-68.
  • Çeter T, Geven F, Şahin AA, Çeter S 2018. Examination Of Pollen Morphology Of Some Aethionema (Brassicaceae), From Turkey. Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ank. Series C, 27: 11-24.
  • Ertuğrul K 2012. Aethionema Aiton. (Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler), Nezahet Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul) 246-248.
  • Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi: (Damarlı bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul.
  • Graeber K, Nakabayashi K, Miatton E, Leubner-Metzger G, Soppe WJJ 2012. Molecular mechanisms of seed dormancy. Plant Cell Environ, 35: 1769-1786.
  • Hedge IC 1976. A systematic and geographical survey of the Old World Cruciferae. In: MacLeod AJ, Jones BMG, editors. The Biology and Chemistry of the Cruciferae. London, New York & San Francisco: Academic Press, pp. 1-45.
  • Johansen DA 1940. Plant microtechique, London: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Karaismailoğlu C 2017. Palynological features of eleven Aethionema taxa from Turkey and their systematic implications. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 25: 123-133.
  • Lenser T, Graeber K, Çevik ÖS, Adıgüzel N, Dönmez AA, Grosche C, Kettermann M, Mayland-Quellhorst S, Mérai Z, Mohammadin S, Nguyen T, Rümpler F, Schulze C, Sperber K, Steinbrecher T, Wiegand N, Strnad M, Scheid OM, Rensing SA, Schranz ME, Theißen G, Mummenhoff K, Leubner-Metzger G. 2016. Developmental control and plasticity of fruit and seed dimorphism in Aethionema arabicum. Plant Physiology, 172: 1697-1707.
  • Mummenhoff K, Polster A, Mühlhausen A, Theißen G. 2008. Lepidium as a model system for studying the evolution of fruit development in Brassicaceae. J Exp Bot., 60: 1503-1513.
  • Mühlhausen A, Polster A, Theissen G, Mummenhoff K. 2010. Evolution of fruit dehiscence in Brassicaceae: examples from Aethionema and Lepidium. VI International Symposium on Brassicas and Xviii Crucifer Genetics Workshop. 867: 207-219.
  • Müller K, Tintelnot S, Leubner-Metzger G. 2006. Endosperm-limited Brassicaceae seed germination: abscisic acid inhibits embryo-induced endosperm weakening of Lepidium sativum (cress) and endosperm rupture of cress and Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol., 47: 864-877.
  • Pınar NM, Bayrak N, Geven F. 2007. Seed coat macro-sculpturing in some Turkish Aethionema R. Br. (Brassicaceae). Pak. J. Bot., 39: 1025-1036.
  • Sunar S, Yıldırım N, Şengül M, Agar G. 2016. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by ISSR and RAPD analysis among Aethionema species growing in Eastern Anatolia (Turkey). C.R. Biol., 339: 147-151.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Burcu YILMAZ ÇITAK (Primary Author)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3703-7731
Türkiye


Hüseyin DURAL
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5579-5037

Supporting Institution Selçuk University Financial Unit
Project Number Project number: 18701219
Thanks This study was supported by the Selçuk University Financial Unit (Project number: 18701219).
Publication Date April 30, 2020
Application Date November 5, 2019
Acceptance Date December 27, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 2

Cite

APA Yılmaz Çıtak, B. & Dural, H. (2020). The Anatomical Characteristics of Endemic Aethionema dumanii Vural & Adıgüzel (Brassicaceae) . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (2) , 435-440 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v23i51816.643079
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