Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 3, Pages 621 - 633 2020-06-30

Bazı Pestisitler ve Odun Sirkesinin Buğday Agro-Ekosistemindeki Toprak Nematodlarına Etkileri
Effect of Some Pesticides and Wood Vinegar on Soil Nematodes in a Wheat Agro-Ecosystem

İbrahim KOÇ [1] , Şenol YILDIZ [2] , Erdal Necip YARDIM [3]


Bu çalışmada, bazı pestisitlerin ve odun sirkesinin buğday tarlasında toprakta yaygın olarak serbest yaşayan trofik düzeyinde nematod gruplarına etkileri araştırılmıştır. Tarla denemeleri, Muş İlinde 2014-2015 ve 2015-2016 üretim sezonlarında kışlık buğday tarlasında tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre dört tekerrürlü yapılmıştır. Muameleler; 1) pestisit uygulaması (bölgede buğdayda görülen hastalık, yabancı ot ve zararlılara karşı kullanılan kimyasal ilaçlar), 2) pestisit uygulamasına tekabül eden %0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 ve 5 ml odun sirkesi uygulamaları ve 3) herhangi pestisit ve odun sirkesi uygulamasının yapılmadığı kontrol uygulaması şeklinde yapılmıştır. Deneme alanında beş trofik gruptan, 19 cins ve 1 takım düzeyinde nematod tespit edilmiştir. 2014-2015 ve 2015-2016’da avcı nematod sayısı sırasıyla 25 ve 136 olup, en sık rastlanan bitki parazit nematodların sayısı 3012 ve 3657'dır. 2014-2015 ve 2015-2016 yılları arasında omnivor nematod sayısı azalırken diğer nematod gruplarında artış gözlenmiştir. Basit uyum analizleri sonuçlarına göre, muameleler ile ölçülen özellikler ve trofik düzeyindeki nematod grupları arasında genel olarak anlamlı ilişkiler tespit edilmiştir.

In this study, the effects of some pesticides and wood vinegar on free-living nematode trophic groups common in soil were investigated in a wheat field. Field experiments were conducted in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 growing seasons in a winter wheat field with a randomized block design with four replicates in Muş Province, Turkey. The treatments were consisted of; 1) pesticide application (i.e., chemicals used for all wheat diseases, weeds and pests in the region), 2) 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5% ml wood vinegar, which equates to pesticide application, and 3) untreated control In the field, 19 genera and one order of nematodes were found from five nematode trophic groups. In 2014-2015 and 2015-2016, the number of predator nematodes were 25 and 136, and the number of the most common plant parasitic nematodes were 3012 and 3657, respectively. From first to second growing season, the number of omnivore nematodes decreased, whereas other nematode groups increased. According to a simple correspondence analysis, it was determined that generally, there were significant connections between the treatments, and the measured properties and nematode trophic groups.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0803-6801
Author: İbrahim KOÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: BİTLİS EREN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7072-0087
Author: Şenol YILDIZ
Institution: BOLU ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0860-9887
Author: Erdal Necip YARDIM
Institution: BİTLİS EREN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, REKTÖRLÜK
Country: Turkey


Thanks The authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. Mehmet MENDEŞ for the help in the interpretations of the statistical analyses, and Berce Alparslan Agricultural Administration for providing place/opportunity for this study. This study constitutes a part of a PhD thesis (A Research on Determination of Some Effects of Wood Vinegar and Pesticides on Wheat Agro-ecosystems). Further, this study was partially presented in IGAP2018-1ST International GAP Agriculture and Livestock Congress (25-27 April 2018) in Şanlıurfa, Turkey as an oral presentation.
Dates

Application Date : May 25, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 31, 2019
Publication Date : June 30, 2020

APA Koç, İ , Yıldız, Ş , Yardım, E . (2020). Effect of Some Pesticides and Wood Vinegar on Soil Nematodes in a Wheat Agro-Ecosystem. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (3) , 621-633 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.570180