Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 5, Pages 1257 - 1269 2020-10-31

Economic Analysis of Fish Farming in the Northern Region of Iraq
Kuzey Irak Bölgesinde Balık Yetiştiriciliğinin Ekonomik Analizi

Hawkar Taher MAARUF [1] , Cuma AKBAY [2]

In the ’80s, Kuwait operations and the conflict between Iran and Iraq negatively affected the aquaculture and especially fish farming. This study was carried out to analyze fish productions and advancements in its development in the Northern Region of Iraq. Also, this study was aiming at obtaining the estimates of the production function for fish production and total income. The study involved 60 farms. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, variance analysis and multiple regression. According to results, the benefit-cost ratio was 1.8, and it indicates that fish farming in the region was profitable. Results demonstrated that farmers’ age, educational status and fish farming experience, size and number of ponds, total fingerlings stocked, age of ponds, time of fish production, the weight of the sold-fish, fish mortality rate, and price of fish sale have statistically significant effects on fish production. According to the estimated production function, if all inputs are increased by 1%, then output increases by only 0.92%.
Irak’ta 1980’lerde meydana gelen İran-Irak savaşı ve Kuveyt operasyonları nedeniyle su ürünleri sektörü ve özellikle balık yetiştiriciliği olumsuz yönde etkilenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı Irak’ın kuzey bölgesinde yer alan Erbil ilçesinde balık üretimi ve üretimde etkili olan faktörleri analiz etmektir. Ayrıca, araştırmada işletmelerin balık üretim maliyetleri ve balık üretim fonksiyonu tahmin edilecektir. Araştırmada 60 işletmeden elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır. Veriler tanımlayıcı istatistikler, varyans analizi ve çoklu regresyon kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, işletmelerde fayda-masraf oranı 1,8 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Bu da bölgede balık yetiştiriciliğinin karlı olduğunu göstermektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, balık üretiminde etkili faktörler; üretici yaşı, eğitim durumu, deneyim, üretim alanı, gölet sayısı, toplam balık sayısı, proje zamanı, balık üretim zamanı, balık ağırlığı, balık ölüm oranı ve balık satış fiyatlarıdır. Tahmin edilen üretim fonksiyonu sonuçlarına göre, tüm girdiler %1 artırılırsa, balık üretim miktarı sadece % 0.92 artmaktadır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture

Orcid: 0000-0003-4112-4192
Author: Hawkar Taher MAARUF
Institution: Kahramanmaras Sütcü Imam University
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0001-7673-7584
Author: Cuma AKBAY (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey

Thanks This study is summarized from the results obtained from the first author’s master thesis.

Application Date : February 21, 2020
Acceptance Date : April 17, 2020
Publication Date : October 31, 2020

APA Maaruf, H , Akbay, C . (2020). Economic Analysis of Fish Farming in the Northern Region of Iraq . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (5) , 1257-1269 . DOI: 10.18016/