Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 6, Pages 1669 - 1677 2020-12-31

Improve Quality of Alfalfa Silage Ensiled with Orange Pulp and Bacterial Additive

Maghsoud BESHARATI [1] , Mojtaba KARIMI [2] , Akbar TAGHİZADEH [3] , Zabihollah NEMATİ [4] , Ali KAYGISIZ [5]


This study evaluated the effects of Lactobacillus buchneri (LAB) and orange pulp (OP) supplementation on chemical composition, in vitro and in situ degradability, dry matter (DM), pH and aerobic stability of alfalfa silage. Treatments were 1) alfalfa without any additive (control), 2) alfalfa + OP (70% alfalfa mixed with 30% fresh OP, LAB0), 3) treatment 2 with 1.5 g LAB/ton (LAB1), 4) treatment 2 with 3 g LAB/ton (LAB2) and 5) treatment 2 with 4.5 g LAB/ton (LAB3). Treatments were replicated three times in laboratory mini silos for 90 d in a closed barn with a ambient temperature (15 to 18 oC). As a result of this study, the experimental treatments did not affect on DM of silage at the end of the ensiling period. Control treatment had the highest pH (4.5) among the experimental treatments ( P<0.05). Supplementation alfalfa with OP resulted in significant increase in water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) and total volatile fatty acids (VFAs) ( P<0.05). Treating alfalfa silage with OP and LAB improved aerobic stabilities of treatments significantly, as compared to LAB0. Supplementation of silage with OP and bacterial inoculant increased DM digestibility. These findings indicated that LAB can improve the aerobic stability and quality of silage in laboratory silos and also, OP and LAB might improve silage quality and cause better silage management in the farm.
Aerobic stability, Orange pulp, Lactobacillus Buchneri, Silage quality
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5233-6425
Author: Maghsoud BESHARATI (Primary Author)
Institution: university of tabriz
Country: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0002-7495-7150
Author: Mojtaba KARIMI
Institution: University of Tabriz
Country: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0002-9120-1662
Author: Akbar TAGHİZADEH
Institution: University of Tabriz
Country: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0001-8842-012X
Author: Zabihollah NEMATİ
Institution: University of Tabriz
Country: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0002-5302-2735
Author: Ali KAYGISIZ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KAHRAMANMARAŞ SAĞLIK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : January 11, 2020
Acceptance Date : June 8, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

APA Besharatı, M , Karımı, M , Taghi̇zadeh, A , Nemati̇, Z , Kaygısız, A . (2020). Improve Quality of Alfalfa Silage Ensiled with Orange Pulp and Bacterial Additive . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (6) , 1669-1677 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.673623