Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 6, Pages 1449 - 1455 2020-12-31

Determination of the Effect of Coating with Chitosan on Ahlat and Insect
Ahlat ve Böcekte Kitosan ile Kaplamanın Etkisinin Belirlenmesi

Eda GÜNEŞ [1]


Ahlat (Pyrus elaeagnifolia), a crop with high sugar content, increases the interest of warehouse pests and insects. Edible films and coatings such as chitosan are preferred to preserve food spoilage and shelf life. For this purpose, Ahlat (wild pear) slices were covered with chitosan (0.2-2%; KA) and Drosophila melanogaster adults were fed with these wild pears for 30 days. Texture analysis was made in adults and wild pears. Nutrition with increasing rates of KA were determined to cause an increase in skin stiffness of adults. It is observed that the hardness decreases with the increase of the coating rate in Ahlat, where only edible coating is applied, and the hardness increases in wild pears that feed insects. Feeding with 2% KA is determined as a method that creates stiffness in the insect and prevents the formation of eggs.

Ahlat (Pyrus elaeagnifolia)’ın yüksek şeker oranına sahip olması, depo zararlıları ve böceklerin bu besine ilgisini arttırmaktadır. Kitosan gibi yenilebilir film ve kaplamalar, gıdaların bozulmasını önlemek ve raf ömrünü uzatmak için tercih edilmektedir. Bu amaçla Ahlat dilimleri kitosan ile kaplanmış (%0.2-2; KA) ve 30 gün boyunca Drosophila melanogaster erginlerinin bu armutlar ile beslenmeleri sağlanmıştır. Ergin bireyler ve Ahlat’larda tekstür analizi yapılmıştır. Artan oranlarda KA ile beslenme ergin bireylerin deri sertliğinin fazlalaşmasına neden olduğu belirlenmiştir. Sadece yenilebilir kaplama uygulanan Ahlat’larda kaplama oranının artmasıyla sertliğin azaldığı, üzerinde böcek beslenen Ahlat’larda ise sertliğin arttığı görülmektedir. %2’lik KA ile beslemenin böcekte sertlik oluşturup, yumurta oluşumunu engelleyen bir yöntem olarak belirlenmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7422-9375
Author: Eda GÜNEŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution -
Project Number -
Thanks Çalışmanın gerçekleştirilmesinde tekstür cihazının kullanımı için izin veren Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Gıda Mühendisliği bölümü Dr. Öğretim üyesi Durmuş Sert ve ekibine teşekkür ederiz.
Dates

Application Date : March 23, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 16, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

APA Güneş, E . (2020). Ahlat ve Böcekte Kitosan ile Kaplamanın Etkisinin Belirlenmesi . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (6) , 1449-1455 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.707642