Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 6, Pages 1698 - 1703 2020-12-31

Management of Conventional Orchards Shaping the Reproductive Bird Community

Sławomir CHMİELEWSKİ [1]


The aim of this research was to characterise the breeding bird assemblage inhabiting an intensively cultivated, conventional apple orchard in central Poland (51°41′45.1″N, 20°42′08.9″E) and to assess the consequences of this kind of management. The density of birds in such habitats is high, but the species composition is poor. Breeding success was evaluated and habitat parameters were described. The chemicals currently applied do not appear to restrict the species composition of breeding birds. A bigger problem in this context emerges from how the trees are trained and spaced in such an orchard: the crowns are pruned into a small, elongated rectangle and frequently thinned, and the tree density is high. This study is the first one published in Poland that provides definitive evidence of the harmful consequences to breeding birds of intensifying cultivation in apple orchards. 
Intensification of agriculture, Birds in orchards, Habitat characteristics, Breeding success
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-2686-6497
Author: Sławomir CHMİELEWSKİ (Primary Author)
Institution: Institute of Technology and Life Sciences
Country: Poland


Supporting Institution brak
Dates

Application Date : April 4, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 18, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

APA Chmi̇elewski̇, S . (2020). Management of Conventional Orchards Shaping the Reproductive Bird Community . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (6) , 1698-1703 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.714681