Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 6, Pages 1626 - 1633 2020-12-31

Aspir (Charthamus tinctorius L) Genotiplerinde Fide Devresi Kuraklığının Tohum Verimi, Yağ Oranı ve Yağ Verimine Etkileri
Effects of Seedling Stage Drought on Seed Yield, Oil Rate and Oil Yield in Safflower (Charthamus tinctorius L) Genotypes

Hasan KOÇ [1]


Bu çalışmada, ilkbahar kuraklığının sıklıkla görüldüğü Konya ilinde, doğal şartlarda oluşan fide devresi (rozet devresi) kuraklığına karşı aspir genotiplerinin tohum verimi, yağ oranı ve yağ verimi bakımından tepkilerinin Kuraklık Hassasiyet indeksi (KHİ) yardımıyla değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma, 6 tescilli çeşit ve seleksiyonla elde edilen 17 genotip ile 2018 ve 2019 yıllarında tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre dört tekerrürlü olarak kurulmuştur. 2018 yılında aspirin fide devresinde (Mayıs) toplam yağış miktarı uzun yıllar ortalamasının oldukça üzerinde 72 mm olarak gerçekleşirken, 2019 yılı Mayıs ayında bu değer 10 mm olmuş ve uzun yıllar ortalaması çok altında gerçekleşmiştir. Bu doğal şartlarda gerçekleşen fide devresi kuraklık koşulları, aspir genotiplerinin stresli ve stressiz koşullara tepkilerini değerlendirme fırsatı tanımıştır. Araştırmada Stressiz (2018 yılı) ve stresli (2019 yılı) şartlara ait değerler üzerinden yapılan varyans analiz sonuçlarına göre, genotip, stres arasındaki ve genotip stres interaksiyonu, tohum verimi, yağ oranı ve yağ verimi özellikleri için %1 seviyesinde önemli bulunmuştur. Tohum verimi bakımından, denemede yer alan genotiplerin kuraklık hassasiyet indeksi değerleri incelendiğinde G1 kuraklığa en hassas genotip olarak belirlenmiş (1.50) bunu G6 (1.33) ve G8 (1.19) takip etmiştir. Standart çeşitlerin kuraklık hassasiyet indeksi değerleri incelendiğinde, Dinçer (1.19) çeşidinin en hassas çeşit olduğu belirlenmiştir. Kuraklık hassasiyet indeksi en düşük dolayısıyla kuraklığa en toleranslı genotipler ise G13 (0.48), G14 (0.53) ve G15 (0.65) olmuştur. Tescilli çeşitler içerisinde Balcı (0.92) kuraklığa en toleranslı çeşit olarak tespit edilmiştir. Fide devresi kuraklık stresinden etkilenmenin her genotipte farklı şekilde gerçekleştiği tespit edilmiştir. Yağ oranı kuraklıktan önemli ölçüde etkilenmekle birlikte, bu etkilenme bazı genotiplerde azalış yönünde olurken, bazı genotiplerde artış yönünde olmuştur. Aspir genotiplerinin fide devresi kuraklığına tepkisi ise, yağ verimi bakımından tohum verimine benzer şekilde olmuştur.

Objective of this study was to evaluate the responses of safflower genotypes in terms of seed yield, oil content and oil yield against seedling stage (rosette stage) drought occurring in natural conditions in Konya province where spring drought is frequently observed with the help of drought Sensitivity Index (DSI). The study was conducted in 2018 and 2019 with four replications as a randomized blocks, with 6 registered varieties and 17 genotypes obtained by selection. In 2018, the total amount of precipitation in the safflower seedling stage (May) was well above the average for many years, while this value was 10 mm in May 2019, and it was well below the average for many years. Seedling drought conditions occurring in these natural conditions provided an opportunity to evaluate the reactions of safflower genotypes to stressful and stress-free conditions. According to the results of the analysis of variance based on the values of the stress-free (2018) and stressful (2019) values in the study, it was found to be significant compared to 1% for genotype, stress and genotype stress interaction, seed yield, oil content and oil yield characteristics. In terms of seed yield, when the drought sensitivity index values of the genotypes included in the experiment were examined, G1 was determined as the most susceptible to drought (1.50), followed by G6 (1.33) and G8 (1.19). When the drought sensitivity index values of the standard varieties were examined, Dinçer (1.19) variety was determined to be the most sensitive variety. The drought sensitivity index was lowest, therefore drought most tolerant genotypes were G13 (0.48), G14 (0.53) and G15 (0.65). Among the registered varieties, Balcı (0.92) has been identified as the most drought tolerant variety. It has been determined that the effect of seedling stage drought stress occurs differently in each genotype. Although the oil content was significantly affected by drought, this effect was decreasing in some genotypes while it increased in some others. The effect of safflower genotypes on oil yields from seedling drought was similar to seed yield.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1728-070X
Author: Hasan KOÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: GIDA, TARIM VE HAYVANCILIK BAKANLIĞI
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : April 14, 2020
Acceptance Date : June 4, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

APA Koç, H . (2020). Aspir (Charthamus tinctorius L) Genotiplerinde Fide Devresi Kuraklığının Tohum Verimi, Yağ Oranı ve Yağ Verimine Etkileri . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (6) , 1626-1633 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.720081