Year 2021, Volume 24 , Issue 4, Pages 834 - 849 2021-08-31

A meta analysis on the heavy metal content of two shrimp species, Penaeus semisulcatus (de Hann, 1844) and Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798) from İskenderun Bay
İskenderun Körfezi'ndeki iki karides türünün, Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan, 1844) ve Metapenaeus monoceros'un (Fabricius, 1798) ağır metal içeriği üzerine bir meta analiz

Mehmet Fatih CAN [1] , Yavuz MAZLUM [2] , A. Bahar YILMAZ [3] , Abdullah ÖKSÜZ [4]


Different studies even on same shrimp species and same heavy metals from same locations may be inconsistent with each other. Because of their important on a food safety risk, therefore, a meta-analysis is required to evaluate the true risk level to human consumption for these aquatic organisms. In this study, commercially important two shrimp species, Penaeus semisulcatus (de Hann, 1844) and Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798), from İskenderun Bay were considered in a meta-analysis for their some heavy metal content (Cadmium-Cd, Zinc-Zn, Lead-Pb, and Copper-Cu). Meta-analysis results (mean±Sd) were evaluated according to the reference values that are maximum permissible limit (dry-wet, mg/kg) for shrimp as follow; Cd (1 mg/kg), Zn (50 mg/kg), Pb (2 mg/kg) and Cu (20 mg/kg). For Cd, M. monoceros (0.93±0.02 mg/kg) was not exceeded the reference limit (p>0.05), while, P. semisulcatus (3.93±0.12 mg/kg) was exceeded (p<0.05). For Zn, M. monoceros (58.69±7.25 mg/kg) was exceeded the reference limit (p<0.05), but P. semisulcatus (50.28±8.00 mg/kg) was not exceeded (p>0.05). For Pb, both M. monoceros (10.14±4.09 mg/kg) and P. semisulcatus (6.30±2.02 mg/kg) were exceeded the reference limit (p<0.05). For Cu, M. monoceros (23.25±4.34 mg/kg) was not exceeded the reference limit (p>0.05), while P. semisulcatus (49.68±14.71 mg/kg) was exceeded (p<0.05). Despite the meta-analysis results, (i) the harmful effects of heavy metals on human health only occur when long-term consumption of contaminated crustaceans occurs, (ii) much more well organized studies (with more samples, suitable sampling strategy, etc.,) are needed to make a ultimate decision on whether the contents of these considered heavy metals in the these two shrimp species were exceeded or not the reference points.
Aynı bölgeden alınmış ve aynı ağır metaller çalışılmış olsa bile aynı karides türlerinin ağır metal içerikleri farklı çalışmalarda birbirleri ile tutarsız olabilir. Gıda güvenliği riski açısından önemli olmaları nedeniyle, bu sucul organizmaların insan tüketimine yönelik gerçek risk düzeyini değerlendirmek için bir meta-analiz gereklidir. Bu çalışmada, İskenderun Körfezi'nden ticari açıdan önemli iki karides türü, Penaeus semisulcatus (de Hann, 1844) ve Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798), un bazı ağır metal içerikleri (Kadmiyum-Cd, Çinko-Zn, Kurşun-Pb ve Bakır-Cu) bir meta-analiz çalışması ile dikkate alınmıştır. Meta-analiz sonuçları (ortalama ± Sd) karides için izin verilen maksimum sınır (kuru-yaş ağırlık, mg / kg) olan referans değerlere göre aşağıdaki şekilde değerlendirilmiştir; Cd (1 mg / kg), Zn (50 mg / kg), Pb (2 mg / kg) ve Cu (20 mg / kg). Cd için M. monoceros (0,93 ± 0,02 mg / kg) referans sınır aşılmamışken (p> 0,05), P. semisulcatus (3,93 ± 0,12 mg / kg) için referans sınır aşmıştır (p <0,05). Zn için M. monoceros (58,69 ± 7,25 mg / kg) referans sınır (p <0,05) aşılmış, P. semisulcatus (50,28 ± 8,00 mg / kg) için referans sınır aşılmamıştır (p> 0,05). Pb için hem M. monoceros (10,14 ± 4,09 mg / kg) hem de P. semisulcatus (6,30 ± 2,02 mg / kg) referans sınır aşılmıştır (p <0,05). Cu için M. monoceros (23,25 ± 4,34 mg / kg) referans sınır (p> 0,05) aşılmazken, P. semisulcatus (49,68 ± 14,71 mg / kg) referans sınır aşılmıştır (p <0,05). Meta-analiz sonuçlarına rağmen, (i) ağır metallerin insan sağlığı üzerindeki zararlı etkileri yalnızca kontamine kabukluların uzun süreli tüketimi gerçekleştiğinde ortaya çıkar, (ii) bu iki karides türünün ağır metal içeriklerinin referans noktalarını aşıp aşmaığı konusunda nihai olarak karar vermek için çok daha iyi organize edilmiş çalışmalara (daha fazla örnek, uygun örnekleme stratejisi vb.) ihtiyaç vardır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3866-2419
Author: Mehmet Fatih CAN
Institution: İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9547-0966
Author: Yavuz MAZLUM (Primary Author)
Institution: Iskenderun Technical University Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7642-4385
Author: A. Bahar YILMAZ
Institution: İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8778-9320
Author: Abdullah ÖKSÜZ
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü
Country: Turkey


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Dates

Application Date : October 16, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 3, 2020
Publication Date : August 31, 2021

APA Can, M , Mazlum, Y , Yılmaz, A , Öksüz, A . (2021). A meta analysis on the heavy metal content of two shrimp species, Penaeus semisulcatus (de Hann, 1844) and Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798) from İskenderun Bay . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 24 (4) , 834-849 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.811212