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Nutrient Content of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel. Grown on Some Local Lignocellulosic Wastes

Year 2022, Volume 25, Issue 1, 25 - 30, 28.02.2022
https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.890663

Abstract

The aim of study as to determine the effects of some composts on the nutritional value of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel. The energy, dry matter, moisture, crude protein, fat, ash, organic matter, and nitrogen free extract were 311.3-313.9 (kcal 100 g-1), 91.8-92.5, 7.5-8.2, 27.3-38.6, 1.5-1.9, 5.3-6.4, 35.9-46.8 and 86.0-87.1 (g 100 g-1) of dry weight, respectively. The contents of polymeric substance were determined 13.6-16.2% of cellulose, 20.4-21.8% of hemicellulose and 0.1-0.3% of lignin. It was observed that the crude fat, energy, lignin and hemicellulose contents of P. pulmonarius were not statistically significant depending on the substrates used in the culture (p>0.05), but there were variations in other nutrients (p<0.05). It is highly valued as a good source of proteins, energy and carbohydrates, but rather low in their fat, lignin and hemicellulose contents. It supports that the substrate products used in the culture of P. pulmonarius can affect the nutrient composition of the mushroom such as energy, crude protein and carbohydrate.

References

  • Akyuz M, Kırbag S 2009. Nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii (DC. ex Fr.) Quel. var. eryngii grown on various agrowastes. Philipp Agric Sci 92(3): 327-331.
  • Akyuz M, Kırbag S 2010a. Effect of various agro-residues on nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii (DC. ex Fr.) Quel. var. ferulae Lanzi. J Agric Sci 16(2): 83-88.
  • Akyüz M, Kırbag S 2010b. Nutritive value of edible wild and cultured mushrooms. Turk J Biol 34(1): 97-102.
  • Akyüz M, Oruk İ, Kırbag S 2019. Farklı yetiştirme ortamlarının kültür mantarı Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer’in gelişimi ve verimi üzerine etkileri, presented at the International Engineering and Science Symposium, 20-22 June 2019, Siirt, Turkey.
  • AOAC 1990. Official methods of analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Agric Chemicals; Contaminants; Drugs. Helrich K (Editors). 15th, 1990.
  • Bach F, Helm CV, Bellettini MB, Maciel GM, Haminiuk CWI 2017. Edible mushrooms: a potential source of essential amino acids, glucans and minerals. Inter J Food Sci Tech 52(11): 2382-2392.
  • Barbosa JR, dos Santos Freitas MM, da Silva Martins LH, de Carvalho Junior RN 2020. Polysaccharides of mushroom Pleurotus spp.: New extraction techniques, biological activities and development of new technologies. Carbohydr Polymer 229: 115550.
  • Bazanella GCS, Souza DF, Castoldi R, Oliveira RF, Bracht A, Peralta RM 2013. Production of laccase and manganese peroxidase by Pleurotus pulmonarius in solid-state cultures and application in dye decolorization. Folia Microbiol 58: 641e647.
  • Buchanan PK 1993. Identification, names and nomenclature of common edible mushrooms. In S. T. Chang, J. A. Buswell, & S. Chiu (Eds.), Mushroom biology and mushroom products (pp. 21e32). Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.
  • Carrasco-González JA, Serna-Saldívar SO, Gutiérrez-Uribe JA 2017. Nutritional composition and nutraceutical properties of the Pleurotus fruiting bodies: Potential use as food ingredient. J Food Compos Anal 58: 69–81.
  • Corrêa RCG, Brugnari T, Bracht A, Peralta RM, Ferreira IC 2016. Biotechnological, nutritional and therapeutic uses of Pleurotus spp. (Oyster mushroom) related with its chemical composition, A review on the past decade findings. Trend Food Sci Technol 50: 103-117.
  • Crampton EW, Maynard LA 1983. The relation of cellulose and lignin content to nutritive value of animal feeds. J Nutr 15: 383-395.
  • FAO 2018. Mushrooms and truffles world production. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (12.02.2018).
  • Finimundy TC, Barros L, Calhelha RC, Alves MJ, Prieto MA, Abreu RM, ... & Ferreira IC 2018. Multifunctions of Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer: A highly nutritious food and a source for bioactive compounds. Food Chem 245: 150-158.
  • Furlani RPZ, Godoy HT 2007. Valor nutricional de cogumelos comestiveis nutritional value of edible mushrooms. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos 27(1): 154-157.
  • González A, Nobre C, Simões LS, Cruz M, Loredo A, Rodríguez-Jasso RM, Belmares R 2021. Evaluation of functional and nutritional potential of a protein concentrate from Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom. Food Chem 346: 128884.
  • Gothwal R, Gupta A, Kumar A, Sharma S, Alappat BJ 2012. Feasibility of dairy waste water (DWW) and distillery spent wash (DSW) effluents in increasing the yield potential of Pleurotus flabellatus (PF 1832) and Pleurotus sajor-caju (PS 1610) on bagasse. 3 Biotech 2: 249–257.
  • Guillamon E, García-Lafuente A, Lozano M, Rostagno MA, Villares A, Martínez JA 2010. Edible mushrooms: role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Fitoterapia 81: 715–723.
  • Jiskani MM 2001. Energy potential of mushrooms. DAWN Econ. Bus Rev Oct 15–21, p.4.
  • Kırbağ S, Korkmaz V 2014. Değişik tarımsal atıkların bazı kültür mantarı türlerinin besin değerleri üzerine etkisi. Artvin Çoruh Üniv Orman Fak Derg 15: 126-131 .
  • Knop D, Yarden O, Hadar Y 2015. The ligninolytic peroxidases in the genus Pleurotus: divergence in activities, expression, and potential applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99: 1025-1038.
  • Lechner BE, Wright JE, Albertoì E 2004. The genus Pleurotus in Argentina. Mycologia 96(4):845–858.
  • Li Y, Li TH, Yang ZL, Tolgor Bau, Dai YC 2015. Atlas of Chinese macrofungal resources. Central Plains farmers Press, Henan, 1351 pp.
  • Ma G, Yang W, Zhao L, Pei F, Fang D, Hu Q 2018. A critical review on the health promoting effects of mushrooms nutraceuticals. Food Sci Human Wellness 7: 125-133.
  • Maity P, Sen IK, Chakraborty I, Mondal S, Bar H, Bhanja SK, Maity GN 2021. Biologically active polysaccharide from edible mushrooms: A review. Int J Biol Macromol 172: 408-417.
  • Manzi P, Gambelli L, Marconi S, Vivanti V, Pizzoferrato L 1999. Nutrients in edible mushrooms: an inter species comparative study. Food Chem 65: 477–482.
  • Mleczek M, Budka A, Siwulski M, Mleczek P, Gąsecka M, Jasińska A, ... Rzymski P 2020. Investigation of differentiation of metal contents of Agaricus bisporus, Lentinula edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus sold commercially in Poland between 2009 and 2017. J Food Comp Anal 90: 103488.
  • Oyetayo FL, Akindahunsi AA 2004. Nutrient distribution in wild and cultivated edible mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju. J Food Agr Environ 2(2): 166-168.
  • Pegler DN 1975. The classification of the genus Lentinus Fr. (Basidiomycota). Kavaka 3: 11-20.
  • Ragunathan R, Gurusamy R, Palaniswamy M, Swaminathan K 1996. Cultivation of Pleurotus spp. on various agro-residues. Food Chem 55(2): 139-144.
  • Ragunathan R, Swaminathan K 2003. Nutritional status of Pleurotus spp. grown on various agro-wastes. Food Chem 80(3): 371-375.
  • Rashad MM, Abdou HM 2002. Production and evaluation of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom cultivated on some food processing wastes. Adv Food Sci 24(2): 79-84.
  • Reis FS, Barros L, Martins A, Ferreira IC 2012. Chemical composition and nutritional value of the most widely appreciated cultivated mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study. Food Chem Toxicol 50(2): 191-197.
  • Royse DJ, Baars J, Tan Q 2017. Current overview of mushroom production in the world. In: Daniel J. Edible and medicinal mushrooms: technology and applications. John Wiley & Sons. USA.
  • Sardar H, Ali MA, Anjum MA, Nawaz F, Hussain S, Naz S, Karimi SM 2017. Agro-industrial residues influence mineral elements accumulation and nutritional composition of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii). Scientia Horticulturae 225: 327-334.
  • Stamets P 2000. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species". Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms = [Shokuyo oyobi yakuyo kinoko no sabai] (3rd ed.). Berkeley, California, USA: Ten Speed Press. Chapter 21, pp. 316–320, ISBN 978-1-58008-175-7.
  • Valverde ME, Hernández-Pérez T, Paredes-López O 2015. Edible mushrooms: improving human health and promoting quality life. Int J Microbiol 2015:1-14.
  • Wang D, Sokada A, Suzuki M 2001. Biological efficiency and nutritional value of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivated on spent beer grain. Bioresource Technology 78: 293-300.
  • Wasser SP 2011. Current findings, future trends, and unsolved problems in studies of medicinal mushrooms. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 89: 1323-1332.
  • Wasser SP 2014. Medicinal mushroom science, current perspectives, advances, evidences, and challenges. Biomed J 37: 345-356.
  • Wasser SP, Weis AL 1999. Medicinal properties of substances occurring in higher basidiomycetes mushrooms, current perspective (review). Int J Med Mushrooms 1: 31-62.
  • Wu N, Tian F, Moodley O, Song B, Jia C, Ye J, Li C 2019. Optimization of agro-residues as substrates for Pleurotus pulmonarius production. AMB Express 9(1): 1-9.
  • Yang JH, Lin HC, Mau JL 2001. Non-volatile taste components of several commercial Mushrooms. Food Chem 72: 465-471.

Bazı Lokal Lignoselülozik Atıklar Üzerinde Kültürü Yapılan Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel.’in Besin İçeriği

Year 2022, Volume 25, Issue 1, 25 - 30, 28.02.2022
https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.890663

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı, bazı kompost ortamlarının Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel'in besin değeri üzerindeki etkilerini belirlemektir. Enerji, kuru madde, nem, ham protein, yağ, kül, organik madde ve azotsuz öz madde miktarları kuru ağırlığın; 311.3-313.9 (kcal 100 g-1), 91.8-92.5, 7.5-8.2, 27.3-38.6, 1.5-1.9, 5.3-6.4, 35.9-46.8 ve 86.0-87.1 (g 100 g-1) olarak bulunmuştur. Polimerik madde içeriği ise % 13.6-16.2 selüloz, % 20.4-21.8 hemiselüloz ve % 0.1-0.3 lignin olarak belirlenmiştir. Mantarın; ham yağ, enerji, lignin ve hemiselüloz içeriğinin, kültürde kullanılan substratlara bağlı olarak istatistiksel olarak önemli bir farklılık bulunmadığı (p>0.05), fakat diğer besin öğelerinde ise değişkenlikler olduğu gözlenmiştir (p<0.05). P. pulmonarius, iyi bir karbonhidrat, enerji, protein kaynağı olarak oldukça değerlidir, ancak yağ, lignin ve hemiselüloz içerikleri bakımından oldukça düşüktür. P. pulmonarius'un kültüründe kullanılan substrat ürünlerin mantarın enerji, ham protein ve karbonhidrat gibi besin bileşimini etkileyebileceğini desteklemektedir.

References

  • Akyuz M, Kırbag S 2009. Nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii (DC. ex Fr.) Quel. var. eryngii grown on various agrowastes. Philipp Agric Sci 92(3): 327-331.
  • Akyuz M, Kırbag S 2010a. Effect of various agro-residues on nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii (DC. ex Fr.) Quel. var. ferulae Lanzi. J Agric Sci 16(2): 83-88.
  • Akyüz M, Kırbag S 2010b. Nutritive value of edible wild and cultured mushrooms. Turk J Biol 34(1): 97-102.
  • Akyüz M, Oruk İ, Kırbag S 2019. Farklı yetiştirme ortamlarının kültür mantarı Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer’in gelişimi ve verimi üzerine etkileri, presented at the International Engineering and Science Symposium, 20-22 June 2019, Siirt, Turkey.
  • AOAC 1990. Official methods of analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Agric Chemicals; Contaminants; Drugs. Helrich K (Editors). 15th, 1990.
  • Bach F, Helm CV, Bellettini MB, Maciel GM, Haminiuk CWI 2017. Edible mushrooms: a potential source of essential amino acids, glucans and minerals. Inter J Food Sci Tech 52(11): 2382-2392.
  • Barbosa JR, dos Santos Freitas MM, da Silva Martins LH, de Carvalho Junior RN 2020. Polysaccharides of mushroom Pleurotus spp.: New extraction techniques, biological activities and development of new technologies. Carbohydr Polymer 229: 115550.
  • Bazanella GCS, Souza DF, Castoldi R, Oliveira RF, Bracht A, Peralta RM 2013. Production of laccase and manganese peroxidase by Pleurotus pulmonarius in solid-state cultures and application in dye decolorization. Folia Microbiol 58: 641e647.
  • Buchanan PK 1993. Identification, names and nomenclature of common edible mushrooms. In S. T. Chang, J. A. Buswell, & S. Chiu (Eds.), Mushroom biology and mushroom products (pp. 21e32). Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.
  • Carrasco-González JA, Serna-Saldívar SO, Gutiérrez-Uribe JA 2017. Nutritional composition and nutraceutical properties of the Pleurotus fruiting bodies: Potential use as food ingredient. J Food Compos Anal 58: 69–81.
  • Corrêa RCG, Brugnari T, Bracht A, Peralta RM, Ferreira IC 2016. Biotechnological, nutritional and therapeutic uses of Pleurotus spp. (Oyster mushroom) related with its chemical composition, A review on the past decade findings. Trend Food Sci Technol 50: 103-117.
  • Crampton EW, Maynard LA 1983. The relation of cellulose and lignin content to nutritive value of animal feeds. J Nutr 15: 383-395.
  • FAO 2018. Mushrooms and truffles world production. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (12.02.2018).
  • Finimundy TC, Barros L, Calhelha RC, Alves MJ, Prieto MA, Abreu RM, ... & Ferreira IC 2018. Multifunctions of Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer: A highly nutritious food and a source for bioactive compounds. Food Chem 245: 150-158.
  • Furlani RPZ, Godoy HT 2007. Valor nutricional de cogumelos comestiveis nutritional value of edible mushrooms. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos 27(1): 154-157.
  • González A, Nobre C, Simões LS, Cruz M, Loredo A, Rodríguez-Jasso RM, Belmares R 2021. Evaluation of functional and nutritional potential of a protein concentrate from Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom. Food Chem 346: 128884.
  • Gothwal R, Gupta A, Kumar A, Sharma S, Alappat BJ 2012. Feasibility of dairy waste water (DWW) and distillery spent wash (DSW) effluents in increasing the yield potential of Pleurotus flabellatus (PF 1832) and Pleurotus sajor-caju (PS 1610) on bagasse. 3 Biotech 2: 249–257.
  • Guillamon E, García-Lafuente A, Lozano M, Rostagno MA, Villares A, Martínez JA 2010. Edible mushrooms: role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Fitoterapia 81: 715–723.
  • Jiskani MM 2001. Energy potential of mushrooms. DAWN Econ. Bus Rev Oct 15–21, p.4.
  • Kırbağ S, Korkmaz V 2014. Değişik tarımsal atıkların bazı kültür mantarı türlerinin besin değerleri üzerine etkisi. Artvin Çoruh Üniv Orman Fak Derg 15: 126-131 .
  • Knop D, Yarden O, Hadar Y 2015. The ligninolytic peroxidases in the genus Pleurotus: divergence in activities, expression, and potential applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99: 1025-1038.
  • Lechner BE, Wright JE, Albertoì E 2004. The genus Pleurotus in Argentina. Mycologia 96(4):845–858.
  • Li Y, Li TH, Yang ZL, Tolgor Bau, Dai YC 2015. Atlas of Chinese macrofungal resources. Central Plains farmers Press, Henan, 1351 pp.
  • Ma G, Yang W, Zhao L, Pei F, Fang D, Hu Q 2018. A critical review on the health promoting effects of mushrooms nutraceuticals. Food Sci Human Wellness 7: 125-133.
  • Maity P, Sen IK, Chakraborty I, Mondal S, Bar H, Bhanja SK, Maity GN 2021. Biologically active polysaccharide from edible mushrooms: A review. Int J Biol Macromol 172: 408-417.
  • Manzi P, Gambelli L, Marconi S, Vivanti V, Pizzoferrato L 1999. Nutrients in edible mushrooms: an inter species comparative study. Food Chem 65: 477–482.
  • Mleczek M, Budka A, Siwulski M, Mleczek P, Gąsecka M, Jasińska A, ... Rzymski P 2020. Investigation of differentiation of metal contents of Agaricus bisporus, Lentinula edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus sold commercially in Poland between 2009 and 2017. J Food Comp Anal 90: 103488.
  • Oyetayo FL, Akindahunsi AA 2004. Nutrient distribution in wild and cultivated edible mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju. J Food Agr Environ 2(2): 166-168.
  • Pegler DN 1975. The classification of the genus Lentinus Fr. (Basidiomycota). Kavaka 3: 11-20.
  • Ragunathan R, Gurusamy R, Palaniswamy M, Swaminathan K 1996. Cultivation of Pleurotus spp. on various agro-residues. Food Chem 55(2): 139-144.
  • Ragunathan R, Swaminathan K 2003. Nutritional status of Pleurotus spp. grown on various agro-wastes. Food Chem 80(3): 371-375.
  • Rashad MM, Abdou HM 2002. Production and evaluation of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom cultivated on some food processing wastes. Adv Food Sci 24(2): 79-84.
  • Reis FS, Barros L, Martins A, Ferreira IC 2012. Chemical composition and nutritional value of the most widely appreciated cultivated mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study. Food Chem Toxicol 50(2): 191-197.
  • Royse DJ, Baars J, Tan Q 2017. Current overview of mushroom production in the world. In: Daniel J. Edible and medicinal mushrooms: technology and applications. John Wiley & Sons. USA.
  • Sardar H, Ali MA, Anjum MA, Nawaz F, Hussain S, Naz S, Karimi SM 2017. Agro-industrial residues influence mineral elements accumulation and nutritional composition of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii). Scientia Horticulturae 225: 327-334.
  • Stamets P 2000. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species". Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms = [Shokuyo oyobi yakuyo kinoko no sabai] (3rd ed.). Berkeley, California, USA: Ten Speed Press. Chapter 21, pp. 316–320, ISBN 978-1-58008-175-7.
  • Valverde ME, Hernández-Pérez T, Paredes-López O 2015. Edible mushrooms: improving human health and promoting quality life. Int J Microbiol 2015:1-14.
  • Wang D, Sokada A, Suzuki M 2001. Biological efficiency and nutritional value of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivated on spent beer grain. Bioresource Technology 78: 293-300.
  • Wasser SP 2011. Current findings, future trends, and unsolved problems in studies of medicinal mushrooms. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 89: 1323-1332.
  • Wasser SP 2014. Medicinal mushroom science, current perspectives, advances, evidences, and challenges. Biomed J 37: 345-356.
  • Wasser SP, Weis AL 1999. Medicinal properties of substances occurring in higher basidiomycetes mushrooms, current perspective (review). Int J Med Mushrooms 1: 31-62.
  • Wu N, Tian F, Moodley O, Song B, Jia C, Ye J, Li C 2019. Optimization of agro-residues as substrates for Pleurotus pulmonarius production. AMB Express 9(1): 1-9.
  • Yang JH, Lin HC, Mau JL 2001. Non-volatile taste components of several commercial Mushrooms. Food Chem 72: 465-471.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology, Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Mehmet AKYÜZ (Primary Author)
BİTLİS EREN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3986-3498
Türkiye


Şule İNCİ
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4022-5269
Türkiye


Sevda KIRKBAĞ
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4337-8236
Türkiye

Publication Date February 28, 2022
Application Date March 3, 2021
Acceptance Date May 6, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 25, Issue 1

Cite

APA Akyüz, M. , İnci, Ş. & Kırkbağ, S. (2022). Nutrient Content of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel. Grown on Some Local Lignocellulosic Wastes . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 25 (1) , 25-30 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.890663
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