Yıl 2019, Cilt 22 , Sayı , Sayfalar 272 - 281 2019-12-31

Fruit, Seed characteristics and Seed Yield of Some Bottle Gourds (Lagenaria Siceraria Standl. Mol.) Genotypes From Turkish Germplasm
Türkiye Genetik Kaynaklarından Bazı Su Kabağı (Lagenaria Siceraria Standl. Mol.) Genotiplerinin Meyve ve Tohum Özellikleri ve Tohum Verimi

Halit YETİŞİR [1] , Alim AYDIN [2]


In this study, some fruit and seed characteristics and seed yield of a 22 genotypes of Turkish Lagenaria siceraria germplasm were determined. Ten seedlings from each genotype were transplanted with 3.0 m*0.5 m spacing to open field. 10 kg N da-1, 10 kg P2O5 da-1 and 10 kg K2O da-1 fertilizers were added to the soil during soil preparation. Fruit diameter, fruit length, fruit seed yield, 100 seed weight, seed width, seed length  and seed thickness were determined in three replication with five fruits. While the fruit length was between 134.2 and 1.15 cm, the fruit diameter varied between 2.34 and 9.42 cm. LS31-09 produced the highest seed yield with 153.85 g fruit-1, and the lowest seed yield was obtained from LS01-18 with 2.53 g fruit-1. Genotypic variation was significant in 100 seed weight, and the 100 seeds weight with a mean of 20.1 g ranged from 3.7 g to 28.1 g. The fruit diameter was positively correlated with the seed yield per fruit, seed length and 100 seed weight. Overall, 100 seed weight was positively correlated with fruit seed yield, seed width and seed index, and a strong positive correlation between 100 seed weight and seed length. This study showed that Turkish bottle  germplasm have high seed yield genotypes..

Bu çalışmada, Türk su kabakları genetik kaynaklarından örnek bir grubun bazı tohum ve meyve özelikleri ile tohum verimi belirlenmiştir. Her genotipten 10 fide 3,0 *0,5 m aralıklar açık atarla koşullarına dikilmiştir. Toprak hazırlığı döneminde 10 kg N da-1, 10 kg P2O5 da-1 ve 10 kg K2O da-1 olacak şekilde gübre verilmiştir. Meyve çapı, meyve uzunluğu, meyve tohum verimi, 100 tohum ağırlığı, tohum genişliği , tohum uzunluğu  ve tohum kalınlığı  üç tekerrürlü olarak 5 meyvede belirlenmiştir. Meyve uzunluğu 1.15 ile 134.2 cm arasında değişirken, meyve çapı 2 ile 6 cm arasında değişmiştir. En yüksek tohum verimi 153.85 g meyve-1 ile LS31-09 genotipinden alınırken, en düşük tohum verimi 2.53 g meyve-1 ile LS01-18 genotipinde belirlenmiştir. Genotipik varyasyonun önemli olduğu 100 tohum ağırlığı 3.7 g ile 28.1 g arasında değişimi ve ortalama 100 tohum ağırlığı 20.1 g olmuştur.  Meyve çapı meyve başına tohum verimi, 100 tohum ağırlığı ve tohum uzunluğu ile pozitif korelasyon göstermiştir. 100 tohum ağırlığı meyve tohum verimi, tohum eni ve tohum indexi ile pozitif korelasyon gösteriken, tohum uzunluğu ve 100 tohum ağırlığı arasında güçlü pozitif korelasyon tespit edilmiştir. Bu çalışma, Türk su kabağı genetik kaynaklarının yüksek tohum verimli genotiplere sahip olduğunu göstermiştir. 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Ziraat
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ (Research Article)
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6955-9513
Yazar: Halit YETİŞİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9424-5556
Yazar: Alim AYDIN

Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 20 Mayıs 2019
Kabul Tarihi : 22 Ağustos 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

APA YETİŞİR, H , AYDIN, A . (2019). Türkiye Genetik Kaynaklarından Bazı Su Kabağı (Lagenaria Siceraria Standl. Mol.) Genotiplerinin Meyve ve Tohum Özellikleri ve Tohum Verimi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 () , 272-281 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.568008