Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 2, Pages 339 - 345 2019-04-30

An Alternative Crop for Mediterranean Climatic Conditions: Crotalaria juncea L. (Sunn hemp)
Akdeniz Ekolojik Koşulları için Alternatif Bir Bitki: Crotalaria juncea L. (Krotalarya)

Gülcan DEMİROĞLU TOPÇU [1] , Şükrü Sezgi ÖZKAN [2]


To obtain quality roughage required for the healthy feeding of animals is one of the most important problems of livestock. Many forage crops are being grown in the different regions of our country which has different climate, soil and production patterns. Crotalaria juncea L. is a leguminous plant which is an important source of protein and has an impressive quality of forage crop. It is known that the leaves of the plant contain 30% protein. And also; the use of nitrogen fixed by sunn hemp through the gramineous or other family plants growing in mixture with sunn hemp provides them advantage. The organic matter of Crotalaria juncea L. is degraded in a short time (about 2 weeks) and the highest rate of nitrogen mineralization was known to occur during this period of time. Sunn hemp which generally can be evaluated as green manure or forage crop is an annual and summer leguminous plant and has different usage possibilities (forage, green manure, cover plant, fiber, biodiesel etc.) in many countries. In this regard, promising scientific studies in our country will help the plant to be more recognized and will increase its importance. This literature review aims to introduce this plant, an possible agricultural potential for our country, with many aspects.


farklı kullanım olanaklarına (yem, yeşil gübre, örtü bitkisi, lif, biyodizel vb.) sahiptir. Bu nedenle, ülkemiz için de ümitvar olabileceği düşünülerek yapılacak olan yeni bilimsel çalışmaların, bitkinin daha fazla tanınmasına ve öneminin giderek artmasına neden olacaktır.  Bu literatür derlemesi, ülkemiz için tarımsal bir potansiyele sahip olabilecek Crotalaria juncea L. bitkisinin birçok yönü ile ele alınarak tanıtılmasını amaçlamaktadır.  , pek çok ülkede ek yıllık, yazlık bir baklagil türü olan Crotalaria juncea L.eşil gübre veya yem bitkisi olarak değerlendirilebilen t Yaygın olarak yKrotolarya bitkisinin organik maddesi, kısa sürede (yaklaşık 2 hafta) parçalanmaktadır ve en yüksek azot mineralizasyon hızının da bu zaman periyodunda gerçekleştiği bilinmektedir.. Bunun yanı sıra; karışık veya alternatif ekimleri ile fikse edilen azotun buğdaygiller veya diğer familya bitkileri tarafından kullanılması önemli avantaj sağlamaktadır. itkinin yapraklarının %30 oranında protein içerdiği bilinmektedirnemli bir bitkisel protein kaynağı ve yem kalitesi etkileyici özelliğe sahip olan bir baklagil bitkisidir. Bö L.; Crotalaria junceaHayvanların sağlıklı bir şekilde beslenebilmesi için gerekli kaliteli kaba yem temini, hayvancılık işletmelerinin en önemli problemlerinden biridir. Değişik iklim, toprak ve üretim desenlerine sahip olan ülkemizin farklı bölgelerinde ve tarla koşullarında birçok yembitkisinin yetiştirilmesi sözkonusudur.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section REVIEW ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5978-4183
Author: Gülcan DEMİROĞLU TOPÇU (Primary Author)
Institution: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5989-0384
Author: Şükrü Sezgi ÖZKAN
Institution: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : November 20, 2018
Acceptance Date : January 2, 2019
Publication Date : April 30, 2019

APA Demi̇roğlu Topçu, G , Özkan, Ş . (2019). Akdeniz Ekolojik Koşulları için Alternatif Bir Bitki: Crotalaria juncea L. (Krotalarya) . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (2) , 339-345 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.485713