Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 3, Pages 414 - 420 2019-06-30

Bazı Bitki Ekstraktlarının Kök-Ur Nematodu Meloidogyne arenaria (Neal, 1889) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)’nın Kontrolünde Kullanılabilme Potansiyeli
Potential of Some Plant Extracts for the Control of Root-Knot Nematode Meloidogyne arenaria (Neal, 1889) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)

Gökhan AYDINLI [1] , Fadime ŞEN [2] , Sevilhan MENNAN [3]


Çalışma, roka, yaprak lahana, tere ve naneden elde edilen sulu ekstraktların, Meloidogyne arenaria’nın ikinci dönem larva ve yumurtalarına etkilerini belirlemek amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Denemelerde, taze bitki materyalinden %1, %2 ve %4, kurutulmuş bitki materyalinden ise %0.5, %1 ve %2 konsantrasyonları kullanılmıştır. İkinci dönem larva hareketini azaltmada en başarılı uygulamalar, taze bitkiler için terenin %4, nane ve yaprak lahananın %2 ve %4 konsantrasyonları (%96-100), kuru bitkiler için yaprak lahana ve nanenin her üç konsantrasyonu ile terenin %2’lik konsantrasyonudur (%97-100). En yüksek ikinci dönem larva ölümü, taze bitkilerin sulu ekstraktları için yaprak lahananın %2 ve %4, terenin %4 ve nanenin her üç konsantrasyonunda (%83-98), kuru bitkilerin sulu ekstraktları için yaprak lahananın %1 ve %2, terenin %2 ve nanenin her üç konsantrasyonunda (%90-99) tespit edilmiştir. Nematod yumurtası ile bulaştırılan topraklarda yetiştirilen domatesin hem ur hem de yumurta kümesi skalasını kontrole göre önemli oranda azaltan uygulamalar, taze bitkilerin sulu ekstraktları için tere ve nanenin en yüksek konsantrasyonu, kuru bitkilerin sulu ekstraktları için rokanın %1 ve %2 konsantrasyonlarıdır.

The study was conducted to determine the effects of aqueous extracts of arugula, kale, garden cress and mint on second-stage juveniles and eggs of Meloidogyne arenaria. Concentrations of 1, 2 and 4% for fresh plant material and 0.5, 1 and 2% for dried plant material were used in the experiments. The most effective treatments on immobilized second-stage juvenile were detected in garden cress at 4%, mint and kale at 2 and 4% for aqueous extracts of fresh plants (96-100%), kale and mint at all concentrations and garden cress at 2% for aqueous extracts of dry plant parts (97-100%). The highest mortality rates of second-stage juvenile were kale at 2 and 4%, garden cress at 4% and mint at all concentrations for aqueous extracts of fresh plants (83-98%) and kale at 1 and 2%, garden cress at 2% and mint at all concentrations for aqueous extracts of dry plants (90-99%). Treatments that significantly reduced both gall and egg masses scales of the tomatoes grown in infested soil with nematode eggs compared to the control were the highest concentrations of garden cress and mint for aqueous extracts of fresh plants, 1 and 2% concentrations of arugula for aqueous extracts of dry plants. 

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3280-0411
Author: Gökhan AYDINLI (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5320-4865
Author: Fadime ŞEN

Orcid: 0000-0002-4346-8100
Author: Sevilhan MENNAN

Dates

Application Date : October 31, 2018
Acceptance Date : March 4, 2019
Publication Date : June 30, 2019

APA Aydınlı, G , Şen, F , Mennan, S . (2019). Bazı Bitki Ekstraktlarının Kök-Ur Nematodu Meloidogyne arenaria (Neal, 1889) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)’nın Kontrolünde Kullanılabilme Potansiyeli . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (3) , 414-420 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.476969