Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 3, Pages 487 - 491 2019-06-30

Determination of Feed Value of Common Reed (Phragmites Australis) in Different Sowing Periods
Farklı Gelişme Dönemlerinde Hasat Edilen Saz Bitkisinin (Phragmites Australis) Yem Değerinin Belirlenmesi

Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ [1] , Selim SIRAKAYA [2]


This study was conducted to determine the feed value of the common reed (Phragmites australis). For this purpose, the plant was harvested at 3 different developmental stages (2-week intervals in June) for optimal harvest time determination. After harvesting, the plant was dried and grounded, and then chemical analyzes and nutritional properties were determined. The harvest time were significantly affected the chemical composition (dry matter) and nutritional value of the common reed plant (P <0.05). The common reed plant’ crude protein (HP), crude oil, crude ash, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and acid detergent lignin contents were determined as 10.63-17.30%, 2.05-2.57%, 7.65-8.75%, 64.0-70.75%, 33.26-37-14% and 3.11-4.20%, respectively, in the different harvest periods. The metabolic energy (ME) value of the common reed plant was 2.10-2.15 mcal / kg DM and the relative feed value (NYD) was 78.72-90.49. As a result, the common reed plant sustained similar characteristics to some roughages such as alfalfa in terms of HP, ME and NYD. Due to these properties, this plant can be used in ruminant feeding as a roughage feed source. 

Bu çalışma, saz bitkisinin (Phragmites australis) yem değerini belirlemek amacıyla düzenlenmiştir. Bu amaçla, bitki en uygun hasat zamanı tespiti için 3 farklı gelişim döneminde (Haziran ayı içinde 2 hafta aralıkla) hasat edilmiştir. Hasat sonrası bitki kurutulmuş ve öğütülerek kimyasal analizler ile besinsel özellikleri saptanmıştır. Saz bitkisinin hasat zamanı, kimyasal bileşim (kuru maddede) ve diğer besin değeri unsurlarını önemli derecede etkilemiştir (P<0.05). Saz bitkisinin hasat dönemlerine göre ham protein (HP), ham yağ, ham kül, nötr deterjan lif, asit deterjan lif ve asit deterjan lignin içerikleri sırasıyla; %10.63-17.30, %2.05-2.57, %7.65-8.75, %64.0-70.75, %33,26-37-14 ve %3.11-4.20 arasında değişmiştir. Saz bitkisinin metabolik enerji (ME) değeri 2.10-2.15 Mcal/kg KM, nispi yem değeri (NYD) ise 78.72-90.49 arasında bulunmuştur. Araştırma sonucu incelendiğinde saz bitkisinin HP, ME ve NYD değeri bakımından yonca gibi bazı kaba yemlere benzer özellik gösterdiği görülmektedir. Bitki bu özellikleri nedeniyle ruminant beslemede kullanılabilecek bir kaba yem olduğu söylenebilir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4622-0645
Author: Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ (Primary Author)
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2733-1726
Author: Selim SIRAKAYA
Institution: AKSARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, AKSARAY MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU

Dates

Application Date : December 7, 2018
Acceptance Date : January 31, 2019
Publication Date : June 30, 2019

APA Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, S , Sırakaya, S . (2019). Farklı Gelişme Dönemlerinde Hasat Edilen Saz Bitkisinin (Phragmites Australis) Yem Değerinin Belirlenmesi . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (3) , 487-491 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.493348