Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 3, Pages 466 - 472 2019-06-30

PB15 Kodlu Pigmentler; Sentezi, Karakterizasyonu ve Endüstriyel Uygulamaları
PB15 Coded Pigments; Synthesis, Characterization and Industrial Applications

Yusuf YILMAZ [1] , Sibel BAYIL [2]


Ftalosiyaninler (Pc’ler) yapısal olarak makro halkalı porfirin türevli bileşiklere benzemektedirler. Ftalosiyaninlerin genellikle farklı çözünürlük, renk şiddeti ve kararlılık açısından birbirinden ayrı en az iki kristal modifikasyonu bulunmaktadır. Renk şiddeti (pigment özelliği) en kuvvetli olan türevleri bakır, kobalt ve nikel ftalosiyaninlerdir. Pigment olarak ticari öneme sahip tek ftalosiyanin bakır ftalosiyaninlerdir. Bakır ftalosiyaninler (CuPc, PB15), sayılan bu üstün özellikleri nedeniyle, baskı mürekkepleri, tekstil, kâğıt, kauçuk ve plastiklerin renklendirilmesinde ve hatta inşaat ve endüstriyel boya üretiminde kullanılmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, ülkemizde üretilmeyen ancak ithal edilip yaygın bir şekilde kullanılan ftalosiyanin türevli, PB15:1 kodlu (bu kapsamda sentezlenen pigmente HNS 15:1 kodu verilmiştir) pigmentin sentezi, karakterizasyonu ve endüstriyel uygulama örnekleri yapılmıştır. Pigmentin sentezinde uygun başlangıç maddeleri yağ ısıtmalı bir reaktörde karıştırılmış ve ham ürün elde edilmiştir. Reaksiyondan elde edilen ham ürün yıkanmış, filtre edilmiş ve kurutulmuştur. Elde edien pigment UV-vis., FTIR, MS gibi spektroskopik teknikler ve elementel analiz ile karakterize edilmiştir. Pigmentin endüstriyel uygunluk denemeleri masterbatch, suni deri ve pigment pasta sektörlerinde yapılmıştır. 

Phthalocyanines (Pcs) are structurally similar to macro-cyclicporphyrin-derived compounds. Phthalocyanines generally have at least two crystal modifications that are distinct from each other in terms of solubility, color intensity and stability. The strongest derivatives in terms of color intensity (pigment property) are copper, cobalt and nickel phthalocyanines. The only phthalocyanine having commercial value as pigment is copper phthalocyanine. Copper phthalocyanines are also used in printing inks, textiles, paper, rubber and plastics, and even in the production of construction and industrial paint thanks to their outstanding properties. In this study, production, characterization and experimentation on industrial applications of the phthalocyanine-derived, PB15: 1 coded pigment (In this study, HNS 15: 1 code is given to the synthesized pigment) which is not produced but widely used in our country, have been successfully implemented. In the synthesis of the pigment, suitable starting materials were mixed in an oil-heated reactor and the crude product was obtained. The crude product from the reaction was washed, filtered and dried. The obtained pigment was characterized by spectroscopic techniques such as UV-vis., FTIR, MS, and elemental analysis. Industrial compatibility tests of pigment are made in the masterbatch, artificial leather and pigment pastry sectors.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4363-0427
Author: Yusuf YILMAZ (Primary Author)
Institution: GAZİANTEP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, NACİ TOPÇUOĞLU MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0254-6915
Author: Sibel BAYIL
Institution: GAZİANTEP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : December 15, 2018
Acceptance Date : January 31, 2019
Publication Date : June 30, 2019

APA Yılmaz, Y , Bayıl, S . (2019). PB15 Kodlu Pigmentler; Sentezi, Karakterizasyonu ve Endüstriyel Uygulamaları . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (3) , 466-472 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.497752