Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 10 - 15 2019-10-31

Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt.’in Farklı Gelişme Dönemlerindeki Yaprak Ekstraktlarının Buğdayın Bazı Çimlenme ve Fide Gelişimi Parametreleri Üzerine Etkisi
The Effect of Leaf Extracts in Different Growth Periods of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. on Some Germination and Seedling Development Parameters of Wheat

Zeki ACAR [1] , Sema LEBLEBİCİ [2] , Erdem GÜLÜMSER [3] , Mehmet CAN [4] , İlknur AYAN [5]


Bu çalışmada, büyüme başlangıcı, tomurcuklanma ve çiçeklenme dönemlerinde elde edilen Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt yaprak ekstraktlarının buğdayın (Triticum aestivum L.) çimlenme ve fide gelişimi üzerine etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmada 12 adet B. bituminosa genotipinin yaprak ekstraktı kullanılmış, kontrol grubunu ise saf su oluşturmuştur. Çalışmada çimlenme oranı, kök-gövde uzunlukları, kök-gövde yaş ve kuru ağırlıkları, kök ve göde biyokütlesi ve fide canlılık indeksi incelenmiştir. En yüksek çimlenme oranı 1 numaralı (% 99.55), en düşük ise 2 numaralı (% 93.93) genotipten elde edilmiştir. Çalışmada kök ve gövde uzunlukları sırasıyla 6.49-16.28 ve 7.58-12.67 arasında değişmiştir. En yüksek fide canlılık indeksi G5 (2813.50), G9 (2619.74), G11 (2657.05) and G12 (2657.71), en düşük ise kontrol uygulamasından (1343.74). elde edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak çalışmada 9, 10 ve 11 numaralı genotipler incelenen özellikler bakımından diğer genotiplere oranla daha üstün performens göstermiştir. Ayrıca tomurcuklanma döneminde alınan B. bituminosa yaprak ekstraktları diğer gelişme dönemlerine göre buğdayın gelişimi üzerinde daha yüksek ve olumlu allelopatik özelik göstermiştir. 

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. leaf extracts obtained at beginning of growth, budding and beginning of flowering on germination and seedling growth characteristics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In the study, 12 B. bituminosa genotypes leaf extracts (G) were used, and the control group was consisted of distilled water. In the study, germination percentage, root and shoot length, root and shoot fresh-dry weight, root and shoot biomass and seedling vigor index were investigated. The highest germination percentage was found in G1 as 99.55%, and the lowest was found in G2 with 93.93%. The root and shoot length ranged from 6.49-16.28 and 7.58-12.67 cm, respectively. The highest seedling vigor index was found in G5 (2813.50), G9 (2619.74), G11 (2657.05) and G12 (2657.71), while it was lowest control group (1343.74). As a result, the G9, G10, and G11 showed higher performance in terms of investigated traits. Besides, the B. bituminosa genotypes leaf extracts obtained at the budding stage were higher and had positive allelopathy effect compared to the other growth stages.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0484-1961
Author: Zeki ACAR
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3762-6408
Author: Sema LEBLEBİCİ
Institution: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6291-3831
Author: Erdem GÜLÜMSER (Primary Author)
Institution: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0230-6209
Author: Mehmet CAN
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5097-9013
Author: İlknur AYAN
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ

Supporting Institution Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)
Project Number TOVAG 118 O 047
Thanks The research was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) with the project number TOVAG 118 O 047. Besides, this text has been proofread and edited by the Department of Foreign Languages, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University.
Dates

Application Date : March 28, 2019
Acceptance Date : July 5, 2019
Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA Acar, Z , Leblebi̇ci̇, S , Gülümser, E , Can, M , Ayan, İ . (2019). The Effect of Leaf Extracts in Different Growth Periods of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. on Some Germination and Seedling Development Parameters of Wheat . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Vol 22 (Suppl 1) , 10-15 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.546067