Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 133 - 140 2019-10-31

Effect of Vermicompost on Mineral Contents of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) Under Drought Stress
Vermikompost Uygulamalarının Kuraklık Stresi Altındaki Kıvırcık Salatanın (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) Mineral İçerikleri Üzerine Etkisi

Sevinç KIRAN [1]


This study was carried out to determine the effect of vermicompost (VK) on the macro and micro nutrient contents of the lettuce plant (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) exposed to drought stress. Then, 3-4 leaved seedlings were transferred to the pots with different proportions of VK. The doses of VK tested in the study were; 0 (VK0), 2.5% (VK1) and 5% (VK2) (w/w). Drought stress levels tested in the study were; control (KS100) (fully irrigated up to soil field capacity), moderate drought (KS50) (50% of the water supplied to the control subject), and severe drought (KS25) (25% of the water supplied to the control subject). After 46 days of growing period, plans were harvested and evaluated for their macro and micro nutrient contents. Medium and severe drought stress increased N, P, K concentrations of plants significantly compared to control. On the other hand, these stresses caused decrease in Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu concentrations of the plant. The effect of stresses on Ca and Mg contents was determined as insignificant. However, under the stress of drought, all mineral element contents increased significantly with VK applications. These increases were mostly more effective in 5% VK application. The results showed that VK has a positive effect on mineral content of curly salad under drought stress conditions.

Bu çalışma, vermikompostun (VK) kuraklık stresine maruz kalmış kıvırcık salata bitkisinin (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) makro ve mikro besin içerikleri üzerine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Çalışmada VK’un dozları ile; 0 (VK0), %2.5 (VK1) ve  %5 (VK2) (w/w), kuraklık stresi seviyeleri; kontrol (KS100) (eksilen nemin tarla kapasitesine getirilmesi), orta derecede kuraklık (KS50) (kontrol konusuna verilen suyun %50’si), şiddetli kuraklık (KS25) (kontrol konusuna verilen suyun %25’i) kullanılmıştır. Bitkiler 46 gün boyunca bu koşullar altında tutulmuş ve bu sürenin sonunda hasat edilerek makro ve mikro besin içerikleri bakımından değerlendirilmiştir. Orta ve şiddetli kuraklık stresi, bitkilerin N, P, K konsantrasyonlarını kontrole göre önemli seviyelerde artırırken, Fe, Mn, Zn ve Cu konsantrasyonlarında ise azalmalara neden olmuştur. Ca ve Mg içeriklerindeki etkisi önemsiz bulunmuştur. Bununla birlikte, kuraklık stresi altında tüm mineral element içerikleri, VK uygulamaları ile birlikte önemli ölçüde artmıştır. Bu artışlar %5 VK uygulamasında çoğunlukla daha etkili bulunmuştur. Elde edilen veriler, VK’un kuraklık stresi koşullarında kıvırcık salatanın mineral madde içerikleri üzerinde olumlu etkide bulunduğunu göstermiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6756-0235
Author: Sevinç KIRAN (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : May 22, 2019
Acceptance Date : June 27, 2019
Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA Kıran, S . (2019). Vermikompost Uygulamalarının Kuraklık Stresi Altındaki Kıvırcık Salatanın (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) Mineral İçerikleri Üzerine Etkisi . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Vol 22 (Suppl 1) , 133-140 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.569012