Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 243 - 250 2019-12-31

The Effects of Rosemary Extracts on Wheat Germination and Grain Storage Pests
Biberiye Ekstraktlarının Buğday Çimlenmesi ve Tahıl Depo Zararlıları Üzerine Etkileri

Cennet YAMAN [1] , Şeyda ŞİMŞEK [2]


In this study, the phytotoxic effects of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) extracts on the germination of wheat seed (Triticum aestivum L.) and insecticidal effects on the Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) species were investigated. Different solvents (ethanol, methanol and acetone) were used to obtain extract from leaves of rosemary, and the highest extract yield was obtained from acetone solvent with 10.5%. The 250 µg / ml (A250) and 500 (A500) µg / ml concentrations of acetone extract were the highest seed germination of wheat by 96.7% and 95.6%, respectively, and there was no statistical difference between the control (98.9%). In addition, control1 (92±0.6 mg) and A250 extract (85±0.6 mg) resulted in the highest fresh weight of wheat statistically. All the extracts had a negative effect on the radicula and plumula length of wheat. Moreover, as efficacy of the extracts on stored grain pests has been examined,  after 72 hours exposure, the highest mortality was found as 68.33% in acetone extract for R. dominca, whereas this ratio was 58.33% in ethanol extract for S. oryzae. In conclusion, it was seen that rosemary extracts can be used in controlling the the pests of stored grain.

Bu çalışmada, biberiye (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) ekstraktlarının depolanmış önemli bir tahıl olan buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) tohumlarının çimlenmesi üzerindeki fitotoksik etkisi ve tahıl zararlıları olan Sitophilus oryzae (L.) ve Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) türleri üzerindeki insektisidal aktiviteleri araştırılmıştır. Biberiye bitkisinin yaprak kısımlarından ekstrakt elde edilmesi için farklı çözücüler (etanol, metanol ve aseton) kullanılmış ve en yüksek ekstrakt verimi %10.5 ile aseton çözücüsünden elde edilmiştir. Aseton ekstraktının 250 µg/ml (A250) ve 500 (A500) µg/ml konsantrasyonları buğday tohumlarının çimlenmesinde en yüksek değere (sırasıyla %96.7 ve %95.6) sahip olurken, kontrol (%98.9) uygulamaları ile aralarında istatistiki fark olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Hatta A250 ekstraktı (85±0.6 mg) ile kontrol1 (92±0.6 mg) uygulamalarında istatistiki olarak en yüksek bitki taze ağırlığı saptanmıştır. Tüm ekstraktlar buğday bitkisinin radikula ve plumula uzunlukları üzerinde negatif etkiye sahip olmuştur. Biberiye ekstraktlarının artan konsantrasyonları tüm parametrelerde negatif etkiyi artırmıştır. Ayrıca ekstrakların depo tahıl zararlısı türler üzerindeki insektisidal etkisi incelendiğinde, 72 saat sonunda en yüksek değer R. dominca için aseton ekstrakında (%68.33), S. oryzae için ise etanol ekstrakında (%58.33) bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak, biberiye ekstraklarının depolanmış tahıl zararlılarının mücadelesinde kullanılabileceği tartışılmıştır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2364-8171
Author: Cennet YAMAN (Primary Author)
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, TARLA BİTKİLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0096-8949
Author: Şeyda ŞİMŞEK
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİTKİ KORUMA BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Thanks Çalışmalarımız esnasında yardımlarından dolayı Bozok Üniversitesi Bitki Koruma Bölümü öğrencisi Osman KELEŞ’e teşekkür ederiz.
Dates

Application Date : April 3, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 11, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA Yaman, C , Şi̇mşek, Ş . (2019). Biberiye Ekstraktlarının Buğday Çimlenmesi ve Tahıl Depo Zararlıları Üzerine Etkileri . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Cilt 22 (Ek Sayı 2) , 243-250 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.548708