Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 4, Pages 994 - 1004 2020-08-31

Effects of Coating Treatment with Aloe Vera and Glycerol on Germination Delay and Seed Viability of Wheat under Different Water Levels
Aloe Vera ve Gliserol ile Kaplama İşleminin Buğdayın Farklı Su Seviyeleri Altında Çimlenme Gecikmesi ve Tohum Canlılığı Üzerine Etkileri

Mustafa YILDIRIM [1]


This study was conducted to demonstrate the effect of seed coating on preventing early germination to decrease possible seed damage. For this aim, bread wheat seeds were coated with Aloe vera and glycerol to determine how these substances can preserve seed viability by avoiding early germination. The seeds were coated with 5 different concentrations of Aloe vera or glycerol and irrigated with varies water levels. Water absorption and germination rates, seed viability after five days, and germination vigor following the second irrigation were determined. The seeds coated with glycerol absorbed the least amount of water. This was followed by seeds coated with Aloe vera and uncoated control seeds, respectively. Five hours after the initial irrigation, seeds coated with 100% and 80% of glycerol absorbed the least amount of water of 9.15% and 14.85%, respectively. Seeds coated with 100% and 80% of Aloe vera absorbed slightly more water of 23.96% and 29.01%, respectively. More concentrated coatings of Aloe vera and glycerol were associated with lower germination rates but glycerol-coated seeds generally had the longest viability. Both coating treatments effectively preserved seed viability by delaying germination at low water levels.

Düşük yağışla ıslanmış toprak çimlenme için yeterli olabilir fakat çimlendirilmiş tohumun canlılığının korunması için yeterli değildir. Bu nedenle, tohum kaplama uygulamasının çimlenmeyi geciktireceği ve bu riski azaltacağı düşünülerek bu çalışma yapılmıştır. Ekmeklik buğday tohumları, erken çimlenmeyi önleyerek tohum canlılığını ne kadar iyi koruduğunu belirlemek için Aloe vera ve gliserol ile kaplanmıştır. Tohumlar, kontrol tohumları hariç 5 farklı Aloe vera ve gliserol konsantrasyonu ile kaplanmış ve değişken miktarda su ile sulanmıştır. Su emme ve çimlenme oranları, 5 gün sonra canlılık ve ikinci bir sulama sonrasında çimlenme gücü ölçülmüştür. Gliserol ile kaplanan tohumlar en az suyu emmiş ve bunu Aloe vera ile kaplanmış tohumlar ve daha sonra kaplanmamış kontrol tohumları takip etmiştir. İlk sulamadan 5 saat sonra, %100 ve %80 gliserol çözeltileri ile kaplanmış tohumlar en az suyu emmiştir (sırasıyla% 9.15 ve% 14.85). %100 ve%80 Aloe vera çözeltileri ile kaplanmış tohumlar, biraz daha fazla su emmiştir (sırasıyla%23,96 ve%29.01). Aloe vera ve gliserolün daha yoğun kaplamaları daha düşük çimlenme oranları ile ilişkili iken gliserol kaplı tohumlar genellikle en uzun yaşayabilirliğe sahip bulunmuştur. Her iki kaplama işlemi de düşük su seviyelerinde çimlenmeyi geciktirerek tohum canlılığını etkili bir şekilde korumuştur.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9253-5173
Author: Mustafa YILDIRIM (Primary Author)
Institution: Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : February 16, 2020
Acceptance Date : April 6, 2020
Publication Date : August 31, 2020

APA Yıldırım, M . (2020). Effects of Coating Treatment with Aloe Vera and Glycerol on Germination Delay and Seed Viability of Wheat under Different Water Levels . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 23 (4) , 994-1004 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.688270