Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 6, Sayfalar 987 - 997 2018-11-30

Importance of Melatonin on Poultry
Melatonin’in Kanatlı Hayvanlarda Önemi

Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR [1] , Beyhan YETER [2] , Ahmet ŞAHİN [3]

58 93

Intensive production practices, faulty maintenance and feeding, unsuitable keeping conditions, antinutritional factors in feeds and similar abnormalities lead to irregularities in both hormone and enzyme systems in poultry. Especially, due to disorders in endocrine system, a specific hormone, melatonin, can not be produced or underproduced, and thus its metabolic and physiological functions are negatively affected in the organisms.

Melatonin (ML) is one of the important hormones that prevent metabolic and physiological disorders in poultry but does not attract attention by poultry scientist. ML regulates the brain's biological clock, acts on respiration, circulation, excretion, reproduction and immunity system. ML helps regulate feed consumption, energy metabolism and body heat. It also provides elimination of free radicals in the body. ML stimulates growth hormone secretion and, thus, effects growth performance of poultry positively.

It is considered necesary to focus more effectively on the melatonin hormone, which is a positive contribution to animal welfare by correcting metabolic-physiological disorders in poultry. In this review, the definition of melatonin, its interaction with other hormones, its effect on the physiological and metabolic functions of poultry were examined.

Yoğun üretim uygulamaları, hatalı bakım ve besleme, uygun olmayan barındırma koşulları, yemlerde antibesinsel maddelerin bulunması ve buna benzer anormallikler kanatlı hayvanlarının hem hormon hem de enzim sistemlerinde düzensizliklere yol açmaktadır. Özellikle endokrin sistem ile ilgili anormallikler yüzünden spesifik bir hormon olan melatonin üretilemediğinden ya da yetersiz üretildiğinden organizmada metabolik ve fizyolojik fonksiyonlar olumsuz etkilenmektedir.

Melatonin (ML), kanatlı hayvanlarda metabolik ve fizyolojik düzensizlikleri önleyen ancak dikkat çekmeyen önemli hormonlardan birisidir. ML, beynin biyolojik saatini ayarlar, solunum, dolaşım, boşaltım, üreme ve bağışıklık sistemi üzerinde etkili olur. ML, yem tüketimini, enerji metabolizmasını, vücut ısısını düzenler ve vücutta serbest radikallerin yok edilmesine yardım eder. ML, büyüme hormonu salgılanımını uyararak büyüme performansını olumlu etkiler.

Kanatlı hayvanlarda metabolik-fizyolojik bozuklukların düzeltilmesini sağlayan ve hayvan refahına olumlu katkıda bulunan ML hormonu üzerine daha etkili şekilde odaklanmanın gerekli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu derlemede, melatonin’in tanıtımı, diğer hormonlarla interaktif ilişkileri, kanatlı hayvanlarının fizyolojik ve metabolik fonksiyonları üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir.


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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-2880-7263
Yazar: Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1741-4635
Yazar: Beyhan YETER
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0192-3961
Yazar: Ahmet ŞAHİN
Kurum: AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { ksutarimdoga433039, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2619-9149}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, pages = {987 - 997}, doi = {10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039}, title = {Importance of Melatonin on Poultry}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇALIŞLAR, Süleyman and YETER, Beyhan and ŞAHİN, Ahmet} }
APA ÇALIŞLAR, S , YETER, B , ŞAHİN, A . (2018). Importance of Melatonin on Poultry. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 21 (6), 987-997. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039
MLA ÇALIŞLAR, S , YETER, B , ŞAHİN, A . "Importance of Melatonin on Poultry". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 987-997 <http://dogadergi.ksu.edu.tr/issue/39291/433039>
Chicago ÇALIŞLAR, S , YETER, B , ŞAHİN, A . "Importance of Melatonin on Poultry". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 (2018): 987-997
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Importance of Melatonin on Poultry AU - Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR , Beyhan YETER , Ahmet ŞAHİN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039 DO - 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 987 EP - 997 VL - 21 IS - 6 SN - -2619-9149 M3 - doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi Importance of Melatonin on Poultry %A Süleyman ÇALIŞLAR , Beyhan YETER , Ahmet ŞAHİN %T Importance of Melatonin on Poultry %D 2018 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi %P -2619-9149 %V 21 %N 6 %R doi: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039 %U 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039
ISNAD ÇALIŞLAR, Süleyman , YETER, Beyhan , ŞAHİN, Ahmet . "Melatonin’in Kanatlı Hayvanlarda Önemi". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 21 / 6 (Kasım 2018): 987-997. http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.433039