Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 3, Pages 407 - 413 2019-06-30

Floral Development Stages in Vitis vinifera L. and Association With Phenological Stages
Vitis vinifera L.’de Floral Gelişme Aşamaları ve Fenolojik Safhalar ile İlişkilendirilmesi

Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK [1] , Hakan ENGİN [2]


After the development of inflorescence primordia in the first season in Vitis, flower and floral organ differentiation take place in the second season. Aim of this study was to describe the differentiation events which occur in the compound buds and flowers during and after budbreak, and to associate these events with the phenological stages in Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.) grape cultivar. In addition, size of the floral organs was determined using microscopy, after careful examination of samples collected as buds and flowers under microscope at every 5 to 10 days. Between March 10 and May 10 in 2016, five interval stages (complete shaping of stamen and pistil primordia following petal primordia formation) were added. According to the results, differentiation of inflorescence and flower primordia occurred after bud swelling in the spring. Approximately 3 weeks after the appearance of inflorescence primordia, stamen and pistil were visible. The development was complete in the following 3 weeks. Flower primordium was sighted on April 1 and increased its size more than 900% in 5-6 weeks. Primordia of reproductive organ was seen when the 4 leaves separated from the shoot. By the time of pistil taking its final shape, there were 6-8 full leaves grown from the shoot and inflorescences were easily distinguishable by the naked eye.

Asmada çiçek salkımı taslaklarının (primordiyumlarının) birinci sezonda gelişmesini takiben ikinci gelişme sezonunda çiçek ve çiçek organ taslakları farklılaşmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.) üzüm çeşidinde sürme sırasında ve sonrasında gözlerde ve çiçeklerde farklılaşma adına gerçekleşen olayların tanımlanması ve bu olayların fenolojik safhalar ile ilişkilendirilmesidir. Ayrıca, çiçek organlarının farklı gelişme aşamalarındaki boyutları mikroskop altında belirlenmiştir. 2016 yılının 20 Mart ve 10 Mayıs tarihleri arasında her 5-10 günde bir alınan örneklerin mikroskop altında dikkatlice incelenmesinden sonra, asma floral gelişme aşamalarına 5 ara aşama eklenmiştir (taç yaprak taslağının görünmesini takiben erkek ve dişi organ taslaklarının tam olarak şekillenmesi). Bulgulara göre, çiçek salkımı ile salkım üzerindeki her bir çiçeğin farklılaşmasının baharda gözlerin şişmesiyle birlikte olduğu görülmüştür. Çiçek salkımı taslağının görünür hale gelmesinden yaklaşık olarak 3 hafta sonra erkek organlar ve dişi organ görülebilmiştir. Gelişim sonraki 3 hafta içerisinde tamamlanmıştır. Çiçek taslağı 1 Nisan’da görülmüş ve sonraki 5-6 haftalık dönemde boyutlarını %900’den fazla arttırmıştır. Generatif organ taslakları, 2-4 yaprak sürgünden ayrıldığı zamanda görülebilmiştir. Dişi organ tam şeklini aldığı dönemde, sürgünde 6-8 yaprak büyümüş ve çiçek salkımları çıplak gözle ayırt edilebilir duruma gelmiştir. 

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0012-9782
Author: Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK (Primary Author)
Institution: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6897-8708
Author: Hakan ENGİN
Institution: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ

Dates

Application Date : December 26, 2018
Acceptance Date : February 13, 2019
Publication Date : June 30, 2019

APA Gökbayrak, Z , Engi̇n, H . (2019). Vitis vinifera L.’de Floral Gelişme Aşamaları ve Fenolojik Safhalar ile İlişkilendirilmesi . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , 22 (3) , 407-413 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.502843